Collection 362 Records of Voice of Calvary Ministries
Scope and Contents
Administrative correspondence, memos, reports, photographs and other material, relating to the evangelistic ministry of Voice of Calvary Ministries in a context of holistic community development, economic redistribution, and racial reconciliation, primarily from the mid-1970s to 1986 in Mendenhall and Jackson, Mississippi, and nearby rural communities. The collection especially describes the operation of the organization, the fund raising for and promotion of its work, and the educational and training program of its International Study Center. Photographs depict a wide variety of activities, VOCM staff, and the African American community in both rural Mississippi and urban Jackson.
- Created: 1969-1986
Biographical or Historical Information
Voice of Calvary Ministries
Location of headquarters:
Mendenhall, Mississippi (1961-1974)
Jackson, Mississippi (1974- )
Voice of Calvary Ministries Directors
John Perkins, President (1960-1981)
Lem Tucker, Executive Director (1979-1981)
Lem Tucker, President; Perkins assumed emeritus status (1981-1989)
Melvin Anderson, President (1990-1996)
Lee Harper, Vice President and Acting CEO (1996-1999)
Philip Reed, President and CEO (1999- )
Voice of Calvary Fellowship Church
John M. Perkins International Study Center, established in 1978
Herbert R. Jones Christian Youth Center
Peoples Development, Inc. (non-profit housing cooperative), established in 1975; later renamed Peoples Housing Development
Thriftco Consumer Cooperative (thrift store)
Voice of Calvary Family Health Center, established in Jackson in 1980
Tri-County Community Health Center, established in rural New Hebron in 1979
A number of publications were produced by Voice of Calvary, including:
Jackson Good News
A Quiet Revolution (also the title of a book Perkins authored in 1976)
Timeline of Events
1960 - VOC started when the Perkinses returned to New Hebron, Mississippi.
1961 - Perkineses moved to Mendenhall where they started the Fisherman's Mission.
1962 - Perkins held revival meetings throughout the area, seeing Herbert Jones and Artis Fletcher come to faith in Christ; purchased property in Mendenhall on which facilities were established.
1963 - Bus purchased to transport rural children for Bible classes.
1964 - Berean Bible Church (Voice of Calvary Church) formed in Mendenhall; Bible Institute started.
1965 - Perkins began preaching about civil rights and racial reconciliation.
1966 - Began activity in local voter registration; two Perkins children became first black students in Mendenhall's white public school; radio ministry started.
1967 - Perkins attended a workshop on cooperative enterprises and began to develop a vision for economic development in the Black community; Perkins helped organize the Federation of Southern Cooperatives.
1968 - Leadership Development program started during the summer to provide local employment and training for college students; first three white volunteers from outside Mississippi joined VOC's summer program.
1969 - VOC formed the Simpson County Development Corporation (housing cooperative); farmers' cooperative organized; health conditions and needs of Simpson County surveyed; Bible Institute closed; Perkins and others arrested and jailed without charges, then released; Protesters boycott Mendenhall's white businesses and secures prisoners' release.
1970 - Perkins arrested a second time in neighboring Rankin County and beaten close to death by police during his imprisonment, charged and convicted, but later released in exchange for dropping his appeal for a second trial; Simpson County Co-op Store started; desegregation of Mendenhall's public schools ordered by a federal court; Dolphus Weary returned to Voice of Calvary after college and seminary; Perkins traveled through Mississippi to organize co-ops.
1971 - The Perkinses relocate to Jackson for John's recuperation from the trial-related stress; Dolphus Weary became VOC's executive director; first summer student volunteer groups came to Mendenhall; Rural Education and Leadership Foundation (REAL) established.
1972 - Charges from 1969 arrest against Perkins dropped; community gymnasium built named for R.A. Buckley, one of VOC's early supporters in Mendenhall.
1973 - Adult education program initiated; health clinic established; community Health Education Program (CHEP) established; nationwide speaking ministry becomes high priority for Perkins.
1974 - Artis Fletcher (trained in REAL program) named pastor of Mendenhall Bible Church; Voice of Calvary headquarters relocated to Jackson; People's Development Incorporated or PDI (a housing construction and renovation company) established; first issue of The Voice bi-monthly newsletter published; VOC established a Community Disaster Committee after floods ravaged Mendenhall's low-lying black community.
1975 - Health center relocated in downtown Mendenhall's white community; The Voice expanded into the quarterly newspaper, A Quiet Revolution (also the title of a book authored by Perkins in 1976); Voice of Calvary Fellowship (a congregation) formed; Samaritan's Inn for dislocated people, visitors and volunteers opened; Ministry officially established as Voice of Calvary Ministries.
1976 - Genesis One School (first started as a pre-school) founded in Mendenhall; Perkins' books Let Justice Roll Down and A Quiet Revolution published; Perkins was the main speaker at a development conference in Haiti, from which emerged the connection to establish the Haiti Christian Development Fund; Board of Servants organized to oversee VOC's direction and legal responsibilities; Jackson Bible Institute founded.
1977 - Thrift store opened in Mendenhall; Speakers Team formed to assist Perkins in national speaking ministry; fund for Uganda developed; launched Operation Vision, an eyeglass distribution project in Haiti.
1978 - Mendenhall operation split off as a separate organization; Dolphus Weary became president as well as executive director for VOC-Mendenhall; Herbert R. Jones Christian Youth Center opened in Jackson, named for Jones who was one of the first converts at Perkins' revival meetings in Mendenhall in 1962 and who led VOC's early work among young people; International Study Center opened (offered work study program to learn in theory and practice what VOC has discovered about community development); assisted Black Evangelistic Enterprise plant a Bible church in nearby Canton; South Central Mississippi Rural Health Association formed to oversee the Mendenhall health center and the developing clinic in New Hebron.
1979 - Satellite ministry formed in New Hebron, Mississippi; H. Spees formed the Christian Community Health Fellowship; Lem Tucker appointed executive director of VOC; Herbert R. Jones passed away.
1980 - VOCM opened a cooperative store in nearby Edwards; VOC Jubilee conference held in July; hosted Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship's Young, Black and Christian conference.
1981 - Artis Fletcher became the president of the renamed The Mendenhall Ministries (TMM), while Weary continued as director; Community Development Workshops started; Perkins name VOC's Minister-At-Large; Tucker appointed VOC president; sponsored first John Roy Lynch Street Festival in Jackson.
1982 - The Perkinses relocated to Pasadena, California, to establish the Harambee Christian Family Center and John Perkins Foundation for Reconciliation and Development.
1986 - A Quiet Revolution moved from newspaper to magazine format; weary replaced Fletcher as president, as Fletcher focused his attention on pastoring the Mendenhall Bible Church.
20.00 Cubic Feet (51 boxes (51 DC, 1 flat storage), Negatives, Photographs )
Language of Materials
Arrangement of Material
Date Range: 1969-1986, primarily between the mid-1970s and mid-80s
Volume: 20.0 cubic feet
Geographic coverage: Primarily localized to rural Mississippi (site of VOC headquarters, 1960-1974) and urban Jackson (location of headquarters, 1974- ), a little at national level, especially after Perkins' move to Pasadena in 1982 to establish the Harambee Christian Family Center and John Perkins Foundation for Reconciliation and Development. There is also correspondence and other documents sprinkled throughout the collection from similar ministries in other parts of the country, or individuals throughout the country interested in VOCM. Also concerned with a development project in Haiti and another in Uganda.
Type of documents: See series descriptions for more detailed lists
Correspondents: Presidents John Perkins and Lem Tucker, Kenneth Ekeogu, Tim Robertson, Don Govan, Joseph Parker, other VOC staff, local church pastors, African American community and church leaders, and potential volunteers Subjects: Evangelistic work-United States, Community development, Leadership development, Church and social issues, Operation and development of Voice of Calvary Ministries, Relationship between the Ministry and Voice of Calvary Fellowship, Organizational change, Personnel management, Fund raising, African Americans-Economic conditions, African American leadership, African American-Families, African American-Missions, African Americans-Religious life, African Americans-Social conditions, Education, Voluntarism, oversight, evaluation and dismissal of students, John M. Perkins Foundation, Poverty, Justice, Public relations, Religious journalism, Discipling (Christianity), Christian life.
Series 1: Administration
Arrangement: Subdivided into three subseries: General (including several Personnel files), Kenneth Ekeogu (Administration & Accounting), and Timothy Whitehead (director of Harambee House, Computer Learning Center, Mississippi Family of Ministries and Public Relations)
Date Range: 1979-1986
Volume: 3.9 cubic feet
Notes: This series documents the administration of Voice of Calvary, primarily in the areas of management, personnel, accounting, and the oversight of or planning for its various divisions.
Subseries 1.1: General
Date Range: 1981-1984
Volume: .4 cubic feet (10 folders)
Type of documents: Memos, forms and form letters, 1983 action plans (folder 1-1), audits and management letters, completed questionnaires, financial and other reports, notebooks, property schematics, long range plans, minutes, completed job applications.
Correspondents: Tucker and other members of VOC's Management Team
Subjects: Operation and development of Voice of Calvary
Notes: This smallest of the Administration subseries consists of documents which could not be linked to either the Ekeogu or Whitehead subseries. Several of the files appear to have been those of Janis Palmore, who was director of Personnel and Volunteer Services during the period documented.
Exceptional items: This subseries, despite its size, includes significant documents, such as VOC's 1983 action plans for its various divisions (folder 1-1), audits between 1977-1984 (folders 1-2 through 1-4), a report on the Haiti Christian Development Fund and a proposal for a Christian Development Corporation (both in folder 1-6), numerous executive management team minutes, Voice of Calvary Fellowship's building fund plan (folder 1-8) and five-year plan (folder 1-9), and the ministry's 1981 seven-year plan (folder 1-10). Folder 1-11 consists of documents gathered by Donna Wheeler, including Management Team minutes, memos, reports and a chain-of-command organizational chart.
Subseries 1.2: Director of Administration and Accounting (Kenneth Ekeogu)
Arrangement: Alphabetical. As much of the material in the subseries was unfoldered, it was subdivided and foldered by the archivist.
Date Range: 1980-1986
Volume: 1.9 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, reports, meeting agenda and minutes (general staff, management team, executive management team, Board of Servants), organizational charts, job descriptions (especially see folder 2-7), policy manuals, staff lists, philosophy of ministry statements, bequests, financial statements, daily expense reports, contracts, invoices, tax documents, staff support letters.
Correspondents: Ekeogu, Lem Tucker, other members of VOC's management team, ministry supporters, John and Vera Mae Perkins
Subjects: Voice of Calvary operation and ministries, Organizational change, Personnel management, Fund raising Notes: Ekeogu served as VOC's director of administration and director of finance during what seems to have been a period of organizational development and restructuring. As most of Ekeogu's files were received unfoldered, the archivist worked to isolate as possible these sets presumed to have been previously in notebooks; other documents with no apparent relationship were foldered according to topic (insurance, meetings with Lem Tucker, etc.) or form (audits, budget, etc.). Other portions of the subseries may have been foldered at one time but were not when received by the Archives and no apparent order was discerned in these. This at times presents a confusing array of unrelated people, organizations and issues with no apparent chronological or alphabetical arrangement. The predominant realms of VOC documented are the administrative team of which Ekeogu was a member, the operation of the ministry, and the financial aspect of VOC's operation which he oversaw. Specifically these include health and property insurance, finance and ministry funding, purchase and maintenance of office equipment, personnel, relationship with Voice of Calvary Fellowship, maintenance and development of ministry facilities and properties, public relations and promotion, and conferences. A series of files relate to VOC's involvement in rural-oriented ministries, including Rural Services Inc. and the Rural Development Symposium; these among others show Voice of Calvary collaborating with state and local agencies as well as other ministries to facilitate economic development. Documents also relate to the operation and development of VOC's entities and affiliates, including Peoples Development Inc., Child Evangelism Fellowship, Christian Community Health Fellowship, Haiti Christian Development Fund, Rural Services, Voice of Calvary Family Health Center, Harambee Christian Family Center, John M. Perkins Foundation for Reconciliation and Development (in Pasadena, California), International Study Center, Harambee Youth Ministries, and Thriftco. Substantial portions of Ekeogu's files appear to have been kept in notebooks but were removed before transfer to the Archives while remaining together with their divider subject tabs (some three-hole punched documents were no longer with other similar documents), while several notebooks were received intact (the notebook was removed but the contents retained in their order with [removed] indicated in the folder title). The notebooks seem to have been an alternate filing system, since the materials only seem generally related through their connection to VOC administration. Some documents are addressed to Lem Tucker and may include post-it notes requesting Ekeogu's review or action.
Exceptional items: During this time there was discussion about the relationship between VOC and the Voice of Calvary Fellowship congregation and possible modifications in this, ranging from merger or more defined separation. Documents on this appear throughout the subseries such as Tucker's merger draft plan (in folder 6-10) and Tucker's memos stating his preferences in an 8/84 memo in folder 2-3. A cluster of VOC's board (Board of Servants) documents are nestled in folder 2-4 under the tab divider 1983, including a policies and procedures manual, minutes, reports, and background material for board information. A series of files (folders 4-9 through 5-1) record the functioning of VOC's Management Team; the issues addressed there reflect all aspects of the ministry and its operation. Folder 5-3 contains a proposal to establish the Nigerian Christian Development Fund. Periodically throughout the collection John Perkins' and Lem Tucker's writings appear, as in Tucker's 1985 course lecture "Our Universal God...Our Personal Savior" in folder 5-7.
Subseries 1.3: Director of Public Relations (Timothy Whitehead)
Arrangement: Alphabetical. As much of the material in the subseries was unfoldered, it was subdivided and foldered by the archivist.
Date Range: 1982-1986
Volume: 1.6 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, reports, forms, photocopied articles and other resource materials, handwritten notes, newspaper clippings, statistics, curriculum materials, inventories, enrollment lists, promotional and public relations materials, student evaluation records, meeting minutes, overhead transparencies, survey questionnaires, personnel policy manual, job applications, administrative notebooks.
Correspondents: Whitehead, Lem Tucker, John Perkins, Kenneth Ekeogu, Don Govan, and other VOC staff Subjects: Conditions and attitudes in African American community, education and the role of computers to enhance it, use of volunteers, oversight, evaluation and dismissal of students, John M. Perkins Foundation, operation of Voice of Calvary and its divisions including its Management Team, urban ministry, prison reform, community development, poverty, justice, personnel, public relations, staff development (see folder 10-3), VOC's speakers team, fund raising (see folder 10-6), operation of a credit union, family development
Notes: During the time period from 1980 to 1986, Whitehead was the director of the following: Harambee House, Computer Learning Center, Mississippi Family of Ministries, and Public Relations department; he was also a teacher at the Harambee Christian School of Business. The date of a given file largely determines the nature of the content as it reflects Whitehead's area of responsibility at that time. The files in this relatively small subseries appear to have been carried by Whitehead through these different posts and span his oversight of them, documenting these as well as his training in VOC and the routine administration of the organization. The Management Team files (folders 8-1 through 9-2) may give the best overview of the overall administration of VOC and the coordination of different divisions. They together illustrate the breadth of VOC's activities and their intersection of its different programs. Some of the documents include a note from VOC president Lem Tucker, asking Whitehead to review and report to Tucker, or to attend a meeting on his behalf, or review it for its background information. Folder 7-2 relates to the education of African Americans, while the Computer Learning Center files (folders 7-4 through 7-7) document program development, interaction with students and their families, and coordination with the computer supplier whose hardware and educational software provided the academic training for students. Whitehead's correspondence folder (folder 7-8) includes a letter to parents of students in the Harambee Christian School of Business (also see folders 7-10,11). The Mississippi Family of Ministries (see folder 9-5,6) was a coordinated attempt to assess resources throughout the state, network with existing ministries, and coordinate resources to offer to their communities. Like Ekeogu, Whitehead maintained notebooks which gathered together administrative materials, some associated with the Management Team on the diverse aspects of the ministry (see folders 8-1 through 9-2), while others gather seemingly unrelated materials (see folders 6-11 through 7-1). Some of these are directly related to the Management Team, including the 1983 Personnel Policy Manual, documents related to Whitehead's financial support activity and status, and materials related to Black Christians.
Exceptional items: Whitehead's Christian Community Development workshop file (folder 7-3) includes what appears to be background resource materials like printouts, copied articles, etc. Several files include project proposals, such as folder 9-7 (Office of CCD) for a John M. Perkins Scholarship at Belhaven College (folder 8-1), and also in folder 7-11 for a Harambee Christian School of Business/Voice of Calvary leadership development program. Background information on various staff can be found in folder 10-2, including John Perkins, Lem Tucker, Kenneth Ekeogu, Cheryl Bruce, Melvin Anderson, and Clarence Magruderin. Several of Whitehead's files (folders 8-2,4,5) also include "Daily Income and Expenses Reports."
Series 2: Development Department
Arrangement: Divided into eight subseries: John Perkins, Miscellaneous, Church contacts, Individual contributors and contacts, Projects, Grants and fund raising, Publications, Photographs
Date Range: 1969-1986
Volume: 6.4 cubic feet
Boxes: 10-26, 51
Notes: This series consists of documents generated or gathered by the division, or assigned to the division as the repository for them. For example, it is unclear how John Perkins' small collection of papers came to be a part of the Development Department's records, whether for their historical value for program development and cultivation of financial support, or for some other reason.
Subseries 2.1: John Perkins files
Arrangement: Alphabetical, divided into the following units: Boards, Correspondence, Fund raising, John M. Perkins Foundation, Meetings, Schedules, Transcripts, Writing.
Date Range: 1973-1982
Volume: 1.0 cubic feet
Boxes: 10-13, 51
Type of documents: Correspondence, fund-raising letters (folder 11-6), article and book manuscripts, transcribed interview, newspaper and magazine clippings, corporation by-laws, itinerary schedules.
Correspondents: Perkins, assorted individuals who wrote to him
Subjects: Community development, Evangelism and social action, Religious journalism, Church and social problems Notes: This small subseries consists of materials created by Perkins relating to his role as President or President Emeritus for Voice of Calvary, They appear to have been kept as a resource (as was the following Miscellaneous subseries) by the Development Department for use in fund raising and writing projects. Most predominant are rough and final drafts to his newspaper column "Walk Your Talk" (folders 12-3 through 13-3) and other writings, but also included are documents which record some of his activity as a board member for other organizations (Bread for the World, Covenant College, Evangelicals for Social Action, Faith at Work, Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship, Habitat for Humanity labeled as Koinonia Partners, National Association of Evangelicals' Social Action Committee, Southern Rural Policy Congress, World Vision, etc.), and attendance at conferences as a speaker or participant. Partnership in Missions (folder 22-14 in the General Projects subseries) is another organization on whose board Perkins served and with which VOC developed a cooperative relationship. In addition to the schedules file (folder 11-19), the Past Trips file (folder 22-16 and 23-1) in the General Projects subseries contains more of Perkins itineraries. Perkins' articles explore the range of his ideas and their implications, particularly around the themes of the three Rs (reconciliation, redistribution and relocation), but also Christian unity, ministry to felt needs, Christian leadership, justice, integrating evangelism and social action, serving the poor, urban evangelism, the Black community in the US, "fund raising for business ventures," and the potential of VOC's Leadership Development Institute to contribute to the education of rural Black young people. Included is a manuscript for an apparently unpublished study guide for his book, A Quiet Revolution.
Exceptional items: Also included (folder 11-18) are the by-laws (ca.1983) for the John M. Perkins Foundation for Reconciliation and Development in California, the venture Perkins launched when he relocated to Pasadena in the early 1980s. Folder 12-1 contains an outline and transcript of Perkins remarks at Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship's 1976 Urbana Student Missionary Convention on "Declaring God's Glory in the Community."
Subseries 2.2: Miscellaneous resources
Arrangement: Alphabetical by folder title
Date Range: 1974-1978
Volume: .2 cubic feet
Type of documents: Promotional brochures, interview and message transcripts
Subjects: Public relations, African Americans, Black celebration of the Bicentennial in 1976, the rural and urban contexts in which Voice of Calvary worked, the development of the organization's philosophy and application of those principles, the realities of the Black community's situation, Perkins' Mendenhall trial, his assessment of trends, and thoughts about social and racial issues..
Notes: This small subseries contains a wealth background material, much of it of first-hand, on John Perkins and Voice of Calvary, perhaps for use in Perkins' books, articles or lectures, or VOC promotional and fund raising material.
Exceptional items: Among the files are promotional brochures (folder 13-6), rough drafts of articles (folder 13-4) by Perkins and one by his wife Vera Mae, a folder labeled "B" (folder 13-5) containing messages or lectures beginning with the letter B ("The Black Man's Religion in America...and particularly in the South," and his message to the Black Student Conference in Chicago on "Your Responsibility to the Larger Black Community -- Both Now and After Graduation"), and interview transcripts with various people involved in Voice of Calvary (Lem Tucker, Lue Shelby, Phil Reed, and others); the file also includes a message by Dolphus Weary. The transcribed interview (folder 13-9) with Perkins' wife Vera Mae in 1976 for an article in an unidentified publication, apparently in conjunction with an unpublished book titled Two Sides of the Mountain.
Subseries 2.3: Church contact files
Arrangement: Divided by denomination into four subseries: General (assorted), Baptist, Brethren, Presbyterian congregations
Date Range: 1971-1977
Volume: 1.3 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, church bulletins, assorted attachments
Correspondents: Perkins, Ed McKinley, pastors and other representatives of congregations Notes: Baptist, Brethren, and Presbyterian denominations were apparently the source of the congregations which were the strongest supporters and consumers of VOC's programs; other churches were grouped into the "General" category. The department kept files on these churches to track contact with these churches, whether to coordinate John Perkins' or another VOC representative visit as a speaker, or receiving or requesting financial assistance. Folder 13-21 includes a letter from Harry L. Cox (Collection 512), who was serving his congregation as Minister of Visitation.
Subseries 2.4: Individual contributors and contacts files
Date Range: 1971-1983
Volume: .7 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, reports
Correspondents: John Perkins, Debbie Taylor, Lynn Phillips, and Ed McKinley of Voice of Calvary, and individuals with whom they corresponded, including a few of whose names have some recognition in national or Evangelical circles including Eldridge Cleaver, Arthur DeMoss, Pete Hammond (IVCF), Matthew Parker, Harold Paul, Dick Pierard, Paul Rees, Tony Warner, Phil Yancey
Notes: The files in this series are a record of contacts with individuals, ranging from expressions of thanks for financial support, inquiries about inviting Perkins for a speaking engagement, and keeping up with friends of the ministry and updating them on VOC developments and projects. None of the files are extensive.
Subseries 2.5: Projects
Arrangement: Subdivided into two subseries by 1) special projects (Agriculture, Community Health Education, Education, Haiti, Print Shop, Simpson County Strategy) and 2) alphabetically arranged general project files. The general subseries files appeared to be in transition to an alphabetical order, replacing an earlier order which subdivided them into Projects, Local Organizations, and Organizations Across the US. Although somewhat jumbled when received, they were restored by the archivist to this alphabetical order.
Date Range: 1969-1983
Volume: 2.4 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, grant applications and proposals, government publications and forms, handwritten notes, press clippings, background information for future consideration, budgets and financial reports, Correspondents: John Perkins, Debbie Aung Din, Ed McKinley, financial institution and foundation representatives, individuals who heard Perkins speak, Father A.J. McKnight (president of Southern Cooperative Development Fund) Subjects: Fund raising, Community development, Spiritual development, Social issues (hunger, legal issues, education, political action, and health care)
Notes: This subseries appears to be the convergence of several previously further distinct subseries. Some of the files relate to projects directly involving VOC activities, while others relate to broader efforts Perkins or other VOC staff were contributing to, and yet others seem to be background or resource files. The emphases of the agencies concerned address spiritual development, hunger, legal issues, community and economic development, education, political action, and health care. This subseries shows VOC interacting with agencies and individuals in many different spheres, ranging from clergy and laypersons to local, state and federal government agencies to educational institutions to private foundations and other ministries. It also shows the level of Perkins involvement in the community and cooperating with agencies with whom VOC shares common goals or approaches. The emphases of the agencies cover spiritual development, hunger, legal issues, community and economic development, education, political action, and health care. Of the special projects, the most heavily documented is the Simpson County Strategy which was implemented with funding from the Southern Cooperative Development Fund (a for-profit corporation "development bank"started in 1969) and the Southern Development Foundation (non-profit foundation established in 1972), the latter of which Perkins was a board member. Among the components of the strategy were a thrift store, farm, a rural employment and training program (RETP), health clinic, and a feeder pig project. The files record not only VOC's involvement and programs but the development and operation of SCDF and SDF. Artis Fletcher and H. Spees were the two VOC staff responsible for project oversight. Also see folders 23-19 through 24-3 in the General Projects subseries for more information on SCDF. Folder 19-9 contains a schematic of different elements of the Rural Employment and Training Program showing the allocation of VOC staff and resources in the component programs. These projects illustrate VOC's attempts to implement its philosophy and develop economically viable sources of income and support of benefit to both VOC and the community. The varied nature of the efforts documented in the General Projects subseries defies any collective description other than that they cover programs VOC or Perkins were in some way participants in, whether internally or in collaboration with other agencies. Sometimes the file relates to another ministry's efforts in an area common with VOC, either as they look for guidance, support, or to alert VOC to possibilities for cooperation.
Exceptional items: A proposed Perkins trip to Africa is explored in the documents in folder 19-17. Some files appear to be more background information with the extent of documentation varying from folder to folder. The papers in folder 19-19 relate to Perkins' involvement as a member of the ACLU-Mississippi's Police Abuse of Power Committee. Folder 20-1 relates to the publication of Perkin's Let Justice Roll Down by Regal Books, including a promotional tour by Perkins and correspondence with the publisher. Folder 20-15 records a complaint and building code violation about a property owned by the Perkins and rented out. Folder 20-15 consists of an appeal filed to the US Court of Appeals related to Perkins' arrest in 1970. Folder 21-2 documents an attempt to develop a ministry to foreign students at Jackson State University in Mississippi. Folder 21-12 contains documents related to Perkins request of a pardon for Lockart from Mississippi's governor. Folders 21-14 and 15 on the Mississippi Billy Graham Crusade, for which Perkins was on the steering committee, tell the story of the crusade almost entirely through the duplicated materials Perkins received from the crusade office; there is a thank you letter from BGEA associate evangelist Grady Wilson to Perkins. Included in folder 22-1 is a Ku Klux Klan proclamation endorsing Barry Goldwater and opposing Lyndon Johnson in the 1964 presidential campaign. The Nakuru Project file (folder 22-5) is related to the Africa or Uganda project mentioned elsewhere in the collection. Two folders document the National Black Evangelical Association's 1977 and 1978 annual meetings, including transcripts of William Bentley's presidential address, reports, board minutes and planning documents. Folder 22-15 documents Perkins' 1976 trip to Germany at the request of an Army colonel to address US military personnel. The file includes his follow-up report with an assessment of the needs of soldiers, observations about their response to his preaching, and comments about attempts to improve race relations on the bases he visited. Correspondence with previous volunteers is found in folder 23-3. There is also a record of VOC's fund raising attempts throughout the series, but specifically in folder 24-7, outlining philosophy and practices.
Subseries 2.6: Grants and fund raising
Date Range: 1976-1983
Volume: .3 cubic feet
Type of documents: Form and personalized thank-you letters, handwritten notes from supporters, reprints of Perkins articles which were included in VOC replies. Grant-related documents include grant applications, reports to grant-making institution, budgets, and correspondence.
Correspondents: Perkins, Tucker, Taylor, numerous VOC supporters, Dolphus Weary (of the Mendenhall-based Voice of Calvary Church) and Mott Foundation representatives
Subjects: Fund raising, Charitable foundations
Notes: This small subseries documents various efforts to finance VOC's operation and projects, including the Dollar-a-Week Club and grant funding. The major part of the subseries are files related to a grant from the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation contributing to the Thriftco co-op (Jackson), the Adult Education Center (Mendenhall), and farm project (Mendenhall). VOC administered the grant and distributed funds to the Mendenhall operation for its two component parts of the grant. Folder 25-3 contains the 1983 application on behalf of the South Central Mississippi Rural Health Association to the regional office of Public Health Service in Atlanta to continue the Rural Health Initiative program which began in 1978 with sites in Simpson, Lawrence and Jefferson Davis Counties.
Subseries 2.7: Publications
Date Range: 1975-1986
Volume: .5 cubic feet
Boxes: 25-26, 51
Type of documents: Annual reports, newsletters (Jackson Good News, The Reconciler, VOC Update, and The VOICE, ), newspaper & magazine (A Quiet Revolution), production files with edited transcripts, copy proofs of articles Notes: This subseries consists of copies and production files of several VOC publications. In addition to copies of A Quiet Revolution (1975-1986), the QR file (folder 25-6) contains production information, copies of fund raising letters, Mendenhall Ministries newsletters, and a reader questionnaire. Other QR folders contain typescript and proof copies of articles. The production files do not span the full run of the publications.
Exceptional items: The Fall 1979 issue of A Quiet Revolution contained both a ministry overview and organizational flow chart on pages 12 and 13. The Summer 1980 issue contained a twenty-year overview of significant events in VOC's life.
Subseries 2.8: Photographs
Arrangement: Alphabetically by Photo File folder title
Notes: The collection consists of over five hundred photographs (primarily black & white prints), which are described in greater detail in the Location Records below in this guide. These photos were among those from the Development Department, many intended for use in promotion and illustration of VOC activities.
Series 3: International Study Center
Arrangement: Divided into four subseries: General, Directors (Robertson, Govan), administrative assistant and workshop coordinator (Parker), Summer volunteer projects
Date Range: 1971-1986
Volume: 9.7 cubic feet
Subjects: Education, Christian leadership, Discipling (Christian), Community development, Voluntarism
Notes: Established in 1978, the ISC was the educational arm of VOC's operation. The primary aim of the division was to develop indigenous Black Christian leadership and pass on the vision for wholistic community development. Out of these goals emerged coordinated training of volunteers and staff, including seminars and workshops on community development, community organizing, social justice, hunger, poverty, wholistic ministry. However, the centerpiece of the training for the time period documented was the Christian Community Development workshop. It includes planning materials, form letters, materials distributed to participants and curriculum materials.
Subseries 3.1: General files
Date Range: 1971-1982
Volume: .6 cubic feet
Type of documents: Notebooks of historical documents, newsletters, brochures, correspondence, newspaper clippings, songbook, reprinted articles, curriculum materials
Correspondents: Perkins, Dolphus Weary, US Senators Edward Kennedy and Mark Hatfield, Richard Halverson, IVCF staff Pete Hammond and other Evangelical leaders
Notes: This small subseries is comprised of of assorted materials which appear to have been resources kept by the Study Center but are not obviously linked to a particular office or person. They may have been inherited by Govan, but as there is no indication that they were and they precede his employment, they are described separately. Some of the material came unfoldered and was placed in folders, which were then titled by the archivist. The subseries is comprised primarily of historical documents, resources used by staff and visitors to the Center, intern and volunteer program files, and a small cluster of four files (folders 32-8,9,10,11) generated by Chris Rice, who worked as a research assistant in the Center before later becoming the director of the Development Department. Exceptional items: The compilations of historical documents in notebooks may be the most valuable of the subseries (folders 31-18 through 20 and 32-6,7). These appear to have been used as an institutional archives but also as a resource used to orient new staff, interns, volunteers, or visitors. While the documents do not reach back into the earliest days of VOC's history in the 1960s, they do touch on Perkins' trial in Mississippi and the early development of affiliated ministries in the community. Also among these are promotional brochures relate to VOC generally, the Health Center in Mendenhall, and the Jackson Bible Institute. Folder 31-20 also includes philosophical formulations on black leadership and black church development, articles of incorporation for the Rural Education and Development Foundation and the Cooperative Health Center in Mendenhall, and a one-page autobiography by Perkins (ca. 1971). Included among the resources is a five-part formulation (folder 32-2) titled "How the Principles of 'A Quiet Revolution' of Voice of Calvary Ministries Relate to the African Situation," based on the assumption that the five principles of 1) Conversion, 2) Call, 3) Involvement & Social Action, 4) Identification of problems, and 5) Strategy to solve problems, could be applied in an African context too; the resource was specifically targeted to develop support for the Fund For Uganda. Also among the resources were a Ruth Bentley article (folder 32-3), William Bentley articles and essays (folder 32-4), and Co-op Health Center health lessons (folder 32-5). The ca. 1980 orientation notebook in folder 32-7 appears to have been developed as a way to standardize training information and procedures as the volunteer and intern program was expanding; included are schedules, assignments, an evaluation form, statements of orientation and cash handling procedures, and much more. Two files relate to the hiring of Carl Ellis, later to become director of Project Joseph.
Subseries 3.2: Directors files
Arrangement: 1) 1978-1982 (Tim Robertson) and 2) 1982- (Don Govan)
Date Range: 1971-1986
Volume: 4.1 cubic feet
Boxes: 26-31, 33-38
Notes: The two directors' files record the activity of the ISC while they were its directors. The documents in both subseries predate their hiring, indicating that some of their files were either incorporated into their files or inherited from their predecessor.
Subseries 3.2.1: 1978-1982 (Tim Robertson)
Date Range: 1971-1983
Volume: 2.2 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, grant proposals, curriculum material, photocopied articles, financial records, conference materials, promotional brochures and materials, reports, financial reports, internship applications and accompanying documentation.
Correspondents: Robertson, John Perkins, local pastors and others throughout the country, African American community and church leaders
Subjects: Community development, leadership development
Notes: Robertson was the ISC's first director. His files record the activity of the ISC while he was its coordinator and director, including curriculum material used for Center courses and workshops, as well as meetings (on themes including evangelism, missions, community development, social justice) and conferences in which he was a participant. Much of his correspondence is either a response to an inquiry to Voice of Calvary about its program and vision, or a request to get involved in Voice of Calvary, or an attempt by Robertson to connect with other local and national resources in order to strengthen the development of the Study Center program. One major portion of the subseries consists of files (folders 30-9 through 31-15) for Center college student interns, including completed application forms, letters of reference, published articles, interview transcripts, essays, goal statements, and photographs, which together through demographic and essay questions offer a glimpse into the interests and motivations of those energized by and seeking to learn from Voice of Calvary's ministry and philosophy. The other major component of Robertson's files are the articles (or reprints) used as resource readings (folders 29-12 through 30-6 on community development, social activism, John Perkins and Voice of Calvary, social issues like hunger, missions, and gender roles in the Black community) and curriculum files (folders 27-3 through 28-2) for the Christian Community Development and other workshops (including topics like "Black Experience," "Indigenous Leadership," "Mission in the Third World," "Development of Economic Enterprise," "Historical Perspectives," and "Futures," "Delta Field Trip," "Urban Ministry," "Wholistic Evangelism," and others). There are also events-related files (folders 28-4 through 29-1), most of them Study Center programs but also meetings to which VOC sent representatives including the National Evangelical Black Association's (NBEA) 1979 and 1980 annual meetings, Urbana '79, and the 1980 Urban Congress in Chicago. These files tend to consist of course program schedules, lecture outlines or transcripts, registration correspondence, participant lists, resource readings, evaluations. Among these are documents from the 1980 VOC Jubilee (folder 28-15), a three-day conference at a Jackson college featuring seminars on Christian responsibility and living with a special emphasis on one of VOC's three main emphases, redistribution of economic wealth.
Exceptional items: Folder 26-5 includes several versions of a grant proposal for a project coordinated by the Alabama Rural Council in Black Church and Community Development in the Black Belt of Alabama in which Perkins representing Voice of Calvary was a contributing participant. Formative thinking in the development of the Center includes Perkins' 1973 "A Proposal: The Center for Continuous Christian Community" in folder 29-8 and the 1978 envisioning of the program. Also included in folder 29-7 is a proposal to the Billy Graham Center to become a partner with Manna Bible Institute (Philadelphia) to establish the Leadership Development and Training Center in Wheaton. Folder 29-10 consists of a diagram called "The Triangle of Control" illustrating the economic and class delineations in the United States, emphasizing its consequence on African Americans. Folder 26-7 contains various foundational documents related to the philosophy and goals of the Center, including reports, program proposals, course descriptions and bibliographies, prospectus, staff vita and budgets. Folder 30-8 (Social Justice Organizations) is a resource file on agencies whose emphases intersected in some way with that of VOC.
Subseries 3.2.2: 1982- (Don Govan)
Date Range: 1971-1986
Volume: 1.9 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, copied or reprinted clippings and articles, schedules and calendars, budgets and financial reports, planning documents, curriculum materials, handwritten notes on ideas and lectures and meetings, reports, manuals (see ISC operational manual in folder 33-20), agenda and minutes, forms, individual and group volunteer application forms, program evaluation forms, incorporation documents, personnel policy manual, "Prayer Power" prayer request lists (folder 36-14), program proposals, staff support letters, promotional materials (folder 37-13)
Correspondents: Govan, Lem Tucker, Barbara Eby (Govan's secretary), other VOC staff
Notes: Govan's files document both his oversight of the International Study Center as its director, and the overall management of Voice of Calvary (Govan was a member of the Management Team) and its affiliated ministries. Two major features of the Study Center's operation were its volunteer program and community development workshops, where Voice of Calvary oriented visitors, trained and gave experience to volunteers and interns, and spread its passion for wholistic ministry. They also include documents which it can only be assumed he inherited from his predecessors, especially Timothy Robertson (1978-1982) and Janis Palmore (1982). Govan's files came largely unfoldered and were therefore filed and arranged by the archivist either by document form (memos, correspondence, etc.) or subject (volunteers, Health Center, etc.). Even the notebooks, in most cases discarded because they exceeded what the storage box could accommodate, contained a wide variety of sometimes apparently unrelated documents. The archivist did not make a concerted effort to avoid any overlap of subjects throughout the subseries. Several folder titles are directly tied to the ISC, including folder 35-12 (general), folder 35-13 (house rules), folder 35-14 (program description), and folder 36-5 (manual with background articles and handouts), while others concern Study Center matters (volunteers, Winterim '82, etc.). Alumni, referred to in several files, are former interns or volunteers with whom VOC attempted to maintain or develop an ongoing relationship. The Study Center developed and provided various training programs for the community, churches and interested Christians. The Christian Community Development workshops, intended to spread VOC's vision, were held a the Study Center and elsewhere in the country. Beyond the one folder identified with the workshop (folder 34-6), which contains curriculum materials, schedules, promotional materials, and bookkeeping information, other files also record this activity. Another example of training opportunities was one for local church development and training (folder 36-3). Among the VOC-affiliated ministries documented are the Haiti Christian Development Fund (folder 35-9), Harambee Christian School of Business (folder 35-11), Health Center (folder 36-2), Mendenhall Ministries (folder 36-7), New Life Christian School (folder 36-10), Rural Education and Leadership Foundation or REAL (folder 36-18), Thriftco (folder 37-9), Voice of Calvary Fellowship (folder 38-1). Non-VOC agencies documented include Christian Community Health Fellowship (folder 34-7), Christian Compassion Network (folder 34-8)), Mississippi Rural Development Symposium (folder 36-8), and the National Black Evangelical Association (folder 36-9). As VOC's education arm, the Study Center not only made resources available, but established or maintained relationships with other organizations engaged in similar approaches to ministry and social issues. Govan retained resources that he could draw on for contacts or materials for his programs. Among these are Bible studies (folder 37-1) on love, reconciliation, forgiveness, and on developing a healthy church congregation; resource materials (folder 37-2) either developed by Govan or VOC staff for reference or to hand out; and other agencies or general background information (folder 37-3) to help VOC staff better understand the context in which they work.
Exceptional items: The contents of folder 34-1, formerly stored in a large notebook, include a section related to surveying community demographics and needs; among the documents are survey forms, a list of survey procedures, compiled demographic data, and information on Jackson's neighborhoods; also see folder 36-16 for profiles of community institutions. Documents provided to VOC's Board of Servants appear in several files (folders 34-4 and 37-11), helping describe their oversight of and involvement in the ministry, as well as the issues being addressed. Folder 36-1 records a 1982 Inter-Varsity conference, "Young, Black and Christian," to which VOC staff contributed; included are notes from black IVCF staff worker Fred Williams, conference outline and schedule, and budget. Folder 36-15 contains the draft report from President Reagan's Task Force on Hunger, on which Perkins served in 1983, as well as a transcribed interview with Perkins about the experience. Among the program proposals in folder 36-17 are those for a local Board of Friends to stimulate greater local participation in the ISC programs, a community computer center, a furniture refinishing business, and a woodworking and repair shop. Folder 35-8 contains a folder outlining VOC's support raising philosophy and procedures. Also included is an outline from an Anti-Racism Workshop (folder 34-9). Folder 37-12 contains what appears to be a talk outline by an unidentified registered nurse who worked at the Jackson health clinic, in which she summaries the history of VOC and Voice of Calvary Fellowship, related ministries and her work at the clinic. Two evangelistic tracts are included in folder 37-3 which are examples of appealing through two models in the black community: Martin Luther King, Jr., and philanthropist and businesswoman Annie Malone.
Subseries 3.3:Administrative assistant and workshop coordinator (Joseph Parker)
Date Range: 1977-1985
Volume: 1.5 cubic feet
Type of documents: Notes, schedules, correspondence, memos, reports, form letters, clippings, promotional material from VOC and other agencies, curriculum materials, participant lists, registration forms, workshop packets, post-event workshops, invoices, handwritten lecture and meeting notes.
Correspondents: Parker, Don Govan
Notes: Parker worked under Govan's supervision in the Study Center. "Winterim," (folders 42-3,4) one of the programs he coordinated during his four to five year term at VOC, was a for-credit three-week course at the Study Center for college students which combined study with ministry experience in a cross-cultural setting. Parker's files document his work (1982-1985) as an ISC assistant and his oversight of the ISC's workshops, particularly its Christian Community Development workshops (folders 38-10 through 39-5). Since he worked under Govan's supervision, there is some overlap with Govan's files previously described. Parker also kept a resource file on other Christian ministries with which VOC might have fruitful contact and cooperation (see folder 39-8), but particularly with agencies engaged in social action or CSA (Christian social action) as labeled on folder 39-9. Parker's duties also included overseeing the Center's audio tape ministry and distribution of recordings, especially from Jubilee '82 (also see folder 40-7), and the production of VOC's "Prayer Power" (see folder 40-12). Also pulled into this folder are supporting documents which served as the basis for prayer requests. Parker had several FYI files which consist of an assortment of documents passed to him for action or information. Since a central feature of the Study Center's ministry was working with interns and individuals or groups of volunteers, this is also reflected in Parker's files (see folders 41-10, 11 and 42-2,3). Parker also had some responsibility for Voice of Calvary's speakers team (see folders 41-4 through 41-8).
Exceptional items: Folder 40-1 contains a leader's manual for a discipleship program. Folder 40-8 is devoted to a day-long ISC planning meeting in 1982. Parker's monthly reports to Govan outlining his activities are filed in folder 40-9. In addition to the proposals which surface in other parts of the collection, folder 41-1 contains proposals for community development through training black Christian leaders, development of the Study Center, training for practical ministry, community self-help education program, and a scholarship program. Folder 41-2 contains an unattributed Bible study aimed for use by African American young people primarily because of its use of illustrations of blacks as well as members of other ethnic groups.
Subseries 3.4: Summer volunteer projects
Date Range: 1977-1982
Volume: 3.3 cubic feet
Type of documents: Correspondence, lists, application forms, evaluation forms (some include photographs), financial records, reports
Correspondents: Sara Quinn and Lem Tucker as Volunteer Coordinators, other VOC administrators, program applicants and participants
Notes: VOC established its volunteer program to disseminate its vision and philosophy, expose churches and individuals to VOC, and accomplish projects in the community. These records primarily document the process of identifying and bringing participants to Mississippi, both as individual interns and volunteer groups. This subseries documents the process from preliminary application to post-project evaluation for seven sequential years. There are files corresponding to individual volunteers. The files become more voluminous and comprehensive beginning in 1981. Folders 46-19 and 50-2 record the intersection of InterVarsity's STIM (Student Training in Missions) program with VOC's summer program, in which STIM participants were placed.
Accruals and Additions
The materials in this collection were given to the Wheaton College Billy Graham Center Archives by Voice of Calvary Ministries in 1987-1988.
Accession: 87-64, 88-25, 88-100
May 22, 2001
Paul A. Ericksen
Voice of Calvary Staff Members
The dates listed below are in many cases no more than a time period when documents in the collection confirmed that the person held the corresponding position, rather than the complete span of their service; therefore a single date should not be interpreted to mean that they only worked at Voice of Calvary one year.
Dennis Adams, Health Clinic physician (1976-)
Judy Adams, Genesis One teacher
Melvin Anderson, People's Development Inc. manager (1985-); President (1989-)
Thelma Anderson, President (1983)
David Black, President (1983)
Jan Black, President (1983)
Richard Clark, Director of Leadership Development (1980)
Thomas Clark, Jackson Family Health Center pharmacist
Bethsheba Cooper, Speakers Team coordinator (1982)
Barbara Eby, International Study Center secretary (1983)
Kenneth Ekeogu, Director of Administration, Accounting (1983-1986)
Artis Fletcher, Pastor of Voice of Calvary Church in Mendenhall
Rick Goebel, Project Development (1977)
Don Govan, International Study Center director (1982-)
Helen Govan, International Study Center director (1982-)
Don Howie, Personnel director (1985-1986)
Herbert C. Jones, One of the first young men to join VOC's ministry, led VOC's early work among young people
Tom Kittleman, Volunteer Services coordinator (1981-1983)
Eugene McCarty, Health Clinic physician (1975)
Dan McCracken, Director of Communications(1979)
Ed McKinley Office manager, Assistant to John Perkins (dates unknown); Development Department (1976)
Herb Myers, Physician at Health Center in Jackson (1981-)
Teresa Ellis Murray, Editor of A Quiet Revolution (1981-1983)
Vernon Murray, Administrative assistant to the president (1982)
Janis Palmore, Volunteer Services coordinator & director (1981-1982); International Study Center director (1982); Personnel director (1982)
Joseph Parker, International Study Center administrative assistant and workshop coordinator (1981-1985)
Joanie Perkins, A Quiet Revolution writer (1976, 1983-)
A Quiet Revolution editor (1977)
John Perkins, Founder, President (1960-1974)
Lynn Phillips, Appointment Secretary (1977)
Marianne Pittman, International Student Affairs (1975)
Sarah Quinn, Volunteer Program coordinator (1977)
Marcia Reed Volunteer program (1979)
Phil Reed, Director of counseling center project (1976); Pastor of Voice of Calvary Fellowship (1976); Director of Christian Compassion Network (Jackson area); President
Chris Rice, International Study Center assistant (1981-); A Quiet Revolution editor (1984); Director of Development (1985-1986)
Timothy Robertson, International Study Center coordinator (1978-1982)
Don Strohbehm, Peoples Development, Inc. director (1984)
Salnave Sylvestre, Director of Development (1979)
H.P. [Harold Phillip] Spees, Served as summer volunteer at VOC (1972); Joined VOC staff (1974); A Quiet Revolution managing editor (1976); Project Developer (1977); Director of New Hebron Tri-County Community Health Center project (1979); Director of South Central Mississippi Rural Health Association (1980); Debbie Aung Din Taylor, Project Developer (1977); Office manager (1979); Director of Development (1982); Development Department, part-time production manager, support-raising (1985)
Jim Taylor, Project Development (1978); Director of People's Development Inc. (1979)
Jean Thomas, Director of Thriftco (1979)
Joy Treharne, Volunteer Program coordinator (1979)
Eleanor Tucker, Director of public relations (1981)
Lem Tucker, IVCF part-time staff at Jackson State University, working with VOC (1977); Director of VOC's leadership development program (1977); Volunteer Program coordinator (1977-1978); Executive Director (1979); President (1981-1989)
Dolphus Weary, Director of Voice of Calvary Bible Institute (1975); Director of VOC's Tutorial Program (1975); Director of youth program in Mendenhall (1975); VOC's gospel radio ministry director (1976); VOC-Mendenhall's director (1978); Donna Wheeler Assistant to the President (1976); Outreach Coordinator (1985); Timothy Whitehead began working at VOC (1980); Harambee House director (1982); Computer Learning Center director (1984-1985); Mississippi Family of Ministries director (1985); Public Relations director
- African American churches -- Mississippi.
- African American churches.
- African American evangelists.
- African American families -- Mississippi.
- African American leadership.
- African Americans -- Economic conditions -- Mississippi.
- African Americans -- Economic conditions.
- African Americans -- Education -- Mississippi.
- African Americans -- Education.
- African Americans -- Families
- African Americans -- Missions -- Mississippi.
- African Americans -- Missions.
- African Americans -- Mississippi.
- African Americans -- Religious life.
- African Americans -- Social conditions -- Mississippi.
- African Americans -- Social conditions.
- African Americans.
- Christian education -- Mississippi.
- Christian education.
- Christian leadership.
- Christian life.
- Christianity and economics.
- Christianity and politics.
- Church and social problems -- United States.
- Church and social problems.
- Church work with African Americans
- Church work with African Americans -- Mississippi.
- Church work with the poor
- Church work with the poor -- Mississippi.
- Church work with youth -- Mississippi.
- Church work with youth.
- College students in missionary work -- Mississippi.
- College students in missionary work.
- Community development -- Mississippi.
- Community development -- Philosophy.
- Community development -- Religious aspects.
- Community development -- Social aspects.
- Community development.
- Evangelicalism -- United States.
- Evangelistic work -- Mississippi.
- Evangelistic work -- Philosophy.
- Evangelistic work.
- Integration -- Mississippi.
- Jackson (Miss.)
- Lay missionaries -- United States.
- Lay missionaries.
- Medical care
- Medical care -- Mississippi.
- Mendenhall (Miss.)
- Mendenhall Ministries (Mendenhall, Miss.)
- Missionaries -- Appointment, call, and election.
- Missions -- Agricultural work
- Missions -- Agricultural work -- Mississippi.
- Missions -- Mississippi.
- Missions -- Rural work -- Mississippi.
- Missions -- Rural work.
- Missions, Medical -- Mississippi.
- Missions, Medical.
- Organizational change.
- Perkins, John,
- Perkins, Vera Mae.
- Politics, Practical.
- Poverty -- Mississippi.
- Quiet revolution (Periodical)
- Racism $z Mississippi.
- Skinner, Tom. (1942-)
- Theology, Practical.
- Tucker, Lem.
- United States -- Race relations -- Mississippi.
- United States -- Race relations.
- Voice of Calvary Ministries (U.S.)
- Voluntarism -- United States.
- Weary, Dolphus,
- Collection 362 Records of Voice of Calvary Ministries
- Paul Ericksen
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Roman Script