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Collection 710 Records of the Chefoo Schools Association

 Collection
Identifier: CN-710
The China Inland Mission (later the Overseas Missionary Fellowship) founded a school for the children of Western missionaries in Chefoo, China called the Chefoo School. During World War II, the mission started similar schools in other parts of China and in India. After 1951, when the mission was forced out of China, the mission had similar schools in Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Taiwan and the Philippines. They were always called Chefoo Schools. The Chefoo Schools Association was a society for alumni of the Schools, founded in 1908. The magazine of the Association (alternately called The Chefoo Magazine, Chefoo and The CSA Magazine) was published from 1908 until 2018. This collection consists of an almost complete set of the magazine, correspondence from the North American branch of the CSA, photographs of the schools, and audio and video recordings about life at Chefoo.

The collection is arranged into the following series:

I. Chefoo Schools Association Magazines

II. CSA Correspondence and Lists

III. Audio and video recordings

This collection consists of an almost complete set of the magazine, from 1908-2016.  The collection also contains records, correspondence, and lists from the CSA and the Chefoo schools, from 1895-2005. Notable alumni correspondents include Carrington Goodrich and Henry Luce. A history of the China Inland Mission Schools, 1879-1929, is included as well as a folder of CSA Archives. Lists of addresses, students, staff, and alumni of the various Chefoo and CSA branches are included—of note, lists of those interned at concentration camps during World War II. Additionally, this collection contains several audio and video recordings, which include several talks by Jack Graham, an interview of Graham by Mary Previte, and a copy of a silent film from the 1940s depicting life at Chefoo, China.

Series I: Chefoo Schools Association Magazines

Arrangement: Chronologically

Date Range: 1908; 1933-2016

Volume: 1.6 cu. ft.

Boxes: 1-4

Geographic coverage: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, China, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Japan, India, Australia, New Zealand.

Type of documents: Magazines

Notes: An almost complete set of the Chefoo Magazine, published by the CSA for their alumni from 1908 to 2018, with copies of the 1908 edition and then almost every edition from 1933 to 2016. Also includes a few early copies of The Chefusian, a magazine created by Chefoo School for its students.

Exceptional items: Folders 1-2 and 1-3 contain copies of The Chefusian, the Chefoo student-created magazine.

Folders 1-15 through 1-21, magazines contain a serial publication of the History of Chefoo, by Dr. F. H. Judd, which runs across twelve magazines, No. 41, December 1948 through No. 53, July 1954.

Series II: CSA Correspondence and Lists

Arrangement: Alphabetically by folder title

Date Range: 1895-1993

Volume: 2.25 cu. ft.

Boxes: 5-9

Geographic coverage: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, China, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Japan, India, Australia, New Zealand.

Type of documents: Correspondence, lists, newsletters, prayer letters

Correspondents: Marion Taylor, L. Carrington Goodrich, Joe Dunlap, Henry Luce, Thornton Wilder.

Notes: Contains letters and correspondence collected by the North American branch of the CSA at two different times. Boxes 5 and 6 contain correspondence between alumni and the CSA; addresses, receipts, and other papers related to the organization; a written history of the early days of Chefoo Schools; and newsletters.

The dates on the material fall primarily between the 1930s and 1960s, except for a binder of newsletters from 1985-1988 from Chefoo in Malaysia, correspondence regarding the Centennial dinner in 1981, and a letter from 1915.

Boxes 7-9 contain materials form the 1930s-2000s. These folders primarily consist of lists and correspondence, as well as one folder of archives. The lists included are student and staff, addresses, alumni, and Chefoo missionaries.

The correspondence is composed largely of membership forms and updates from CSA alumni. The folder of archives contains miscellaneous, unsorted materials from the CSA and copies of papers about archival practice.

Exceptional items: Folder 5-6, Correspondence with L. Carrington Goodrich, an alumnus, who was a sinologist and professor at Columbia University and North American chairman of the Chefoo Magazine.

Folder 5-10, Correspondence with Henry Luce, the co-founder of Time Magazine, about a story in the magazine about Chefoo and another notable alumnus, Thornton Wilder.

Folder 5-16, Correspondence – Wilder, Thornton, contains a few of Wilder’s membership forms as well as the cover of the Time Magazine in which he was featured.

Folder 5-18, History: a manuscript entitled “The Story of Our China Inland Mission Schools: At Chefoo, 1879-1929.”

Folders 7-8, 7-19, and 7-21 contain lists of students and staff interned at concentration camps during WWII, the latter two listing Temple Hill and Weihsien internees, respectively.

Series:  III. Audio and video recordings

Date Range: 1995-2006, undated

Volume: .7 cu. ft.

Geographic coverage: United States, United Kingdom, China, Japan, India.

Type of materials: DVD and CD recordings

Notes: DVD1, DVD2, and DVD3 are video recordings that all feature Jack Graham, a former student of Chefoo, recounting his family’s work as missionaries, his life at Chefoo, and his experiences as a Japanese prisoner at Temple Hill and Weihsien during WWII.

CD1 and CD2 contain part one and part two of an interview of Jack Graham by high school students, where Graham discusses his life as a missionary kid, schooling at Chefoo, internment at Weihsien, and departure from China after the war.

CD3 features Mary Previte (a Chefoo student and fellow prisoner) interviewing Jack Graham for the show Street Lights about Chefoo and their experiences as Japanese prisoners of war.

DVD4 is a copy of a 1940s silent film about Chefoo China, specifically focusing on reopening Chefoo in Shanghai after WWII.

Exceptional items: DVD4, a copy of a silent film of life at Chefoo, China, in the 1940s (corresponding material can be found in folder 7-17).

Dates

  • Created: 1908-2016

Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on the use of these materials.

Extent

4.55 Cubic Feet

9 boxes (DC), CDs, DVDs, Photographs other_unmapped

Biographical or Historical Information

The China Inland Mission (later the Overseas Missionary Fellowship) had a school for missionaries' children in Chefoo, China called the Chefoo School. During World War II, the mission started similar schools in other parts of China and in India.  After 1951, when the mission was forced out of China, the mission had similar schools in Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Taiwan and the Philippines. They were always called Chefoo Schools. The Chefoo Schools association was a society for alumni of the Schools. The magazine of the Association (alternately called The Chefoo magazine, Chefoo, The CSA Magazine) was published from 1908 until 2018.

Biographical Data

Founded: 1881, by James Hudson Taylor, as the China Inland Mission Preparatory School.

Locations:

1881-1941: Chefoo (Yantai), China

1941-1947: Kiating and Shanghai, China; Kalimpong, India; Temple Hill and Weihsien Internment Camps, China     

1947-1951: Kuling, China

1951-1998: Kariuzawa, Sendai, and Nanae, Japan

1952-1954: Bangkok, Thailand

1952-1964: Tainan and Chiayi, Taiwan

1952-2001: Brinchang and Tanah Rata, Malaysia

1956-1981: Tagaytay, Calapan, Manila, and Baguio, Philippines

Headmasters (Chefoo, China):

1881-1886: W.L. Elliston

1886-1889: H.L. Norris

1895-1930: Frank McCarthy

1930-1945: Pat Bruce

1947-1950: Stanley Houghton

Significant events in organizational history:

1880-1881: The China Inland Mission (CIM), under James Hudson Taylor, opens the first Chefoo School in Chefoo (Yantai), China.

1909: A second branch of the school is constructed in Kuling, China.

1937: The Japanese invade China but regard the Western missionaries as neutral.

1941-1945: Chefoo students and teachers are placed in internment camps by the Japanese, first at Temple Hill until 1943 when they moved to Weihsien, where they remained until their liberation by American paratroopers in August 1945.

1941-1947: Offshoots of the school remained open during the war in Kiating and Shanghai, China, and Kalimpong, India.

1947-1951: Chefoo officially reopens in Kuling, remaining in operation during the communist takeover in 1949. In 1951, the CIM decides to withdraw from China, officially closing Chefoo, China, and reopening at new locations in Asia.

1951-2001: New locations of Chefoo Schools are opened in Japan (1951-1998), Malaysia (1952-2001), Thailand (1952-1954), Taiwan (1952-1961), and the Philippines (1956-1981). The schools remained open for varying lengths of time, the last, in Malaysia, closing in 2001.

Ministry emphasis: Education of children of missionaries and other expatriates (from the UK, US, Australia, and New Zealand) in China and Southeast Asia.

Geographical emphasis: School locations in China, India, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Thailand.

Alternate names: Protestant Collegiate School, China Inland Mission School, China Inland Mission Preparatory School, Chefoo.

*****

Chefoo Schools Association

Founded: 1908, as an association for alumni of the Chefoo School.

Headquarters locations: -      1908-2014: locations in London, Bath, Manchester, and Kent, United Kingdom -      1908-2018: locations in Auckland, New Zealand, and Hamilton, Victoria, Australia. -      1955-1990s: Chefoo Schools Association, 1058 Avenue Road, Toronto, Ontario, Canada -      2003-2018: Chefoo Schools Association North America, 22 Cloughley Drive, Barrie, Ontario, Canada

Executive Officers

Presidents

Harold Judd (1908-circa 1930)

Frank McCarthy (1936-1954), with his wife, until her death in 1946

Rev. P. A. Bruce (1947-1973)

James H. Taylor III (1995-circa 2009)

Marjorie (Butler) Keeble (circa 2011-2018)

Secretaries (North America)

Marion Taylor (1934-1948)

Margaret Bunting (1949-1972)

Chairpersons (North America)

Carrington Goodrich (1943-1967)

Joe Dunlap (1967-1990)

Magazine Editors

Isabel Taylor (1971-1991)

Dorothy (Cox) Chadborn (1991-2003)

Ian Grant (2003-2018)

Significant events in organizational history:

1908: The Chefoo Schools Association is founded and prints its first magazine, The Chefoo Magazine. Branches of the CSA are established in Great Britain, North America, New Zealand, and Australia.

1941-1945: The CSA Magazine documents the internment of “Chefusians,” printing letters with updates, and listing any Chefoo Alumni enlisted in the military.

1945-2001: The CSA Magazine prints updates for alumni, including the opening and closure of various Chefoo branches and upcoming alumni reunions.

2001-2018: The CSA continues to publish its magazine and newsletters after the closure of the last Chefoo School, keeping alumni and former teachers updated on reunions and events for Chefusians.

2003: Production of the magazine transfers from the UK branch to the North American branch of the CSA.

2014: The CSA branch in the United Kingdom officially disbands.

2018: After 110 years in print, the CSA publishes the final edition of the Chefoo Magazine.

Organizational emphasis: Connecting and supporting alumni and former teachers and students of the Chefoo Schools in China and Southeast Asia.

Geographical emphasis: Alumni in Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, the United States, and elsewhere.

Alternate names: The Chefoo Magazine; Chefoo; and The CSA Magazine/Newsletter.

Accruals and Additions

The material in this collection was given to the Billy Graham Center Archives by Ian Grant in 2008, 2011, 2014, and 2018.

Acc. 08-19, 13-14, 14-48, 18-36

November 14, 2018

Bob Shuster, N. Palladino

Accession: 10-55, 11-58   

February 28, 2019

Emily Brokaw

B. Shuster

Related Materials

Titles of unprocessed envelopes of photographs from Accession 10-55:

Chefoo @ Yantai

Chefoo Harbor Scenes

Co-Ed School

Boys School

Boys School - Sports - Football, Cricket, Boating

Boys School - Sports - General- Long run, Tennis

Boys School - Groups I

Boys School - Groups II Girls School - Buildings, etc.

Girls School - Sports- Hockey, etc. Girls School - Groups I

Girls School - Groups II

Chefoo- All Schools Mixed Groups

Chefoo- Miscellaneous

Sons of the Prophets

SS Tungchow

Staff at Chefoo

Weishien

Postwar China

Kiating...Hong-Kong

Kuling- Pre-1947 - Luling Valley, etc.

Kuling- Post - 1951

Sketches

Chefoo- Sketches

Chefoo Sketches- Helen Fox

Kuling Sketches- Helen Fox

Chinese Sketches

Miscellaneous

Chefoo- Songs & Poems Reunions

Post China Schools

Taiwan

Bangkok

Malaysia

Japan- Nanae

Japan- Sendai

Philippines

Hostels

Individuals and Families (contains some newspaper clippings and papers)

PHARE- Chefoo- Weihsien and Kuling

Chefoo- Pictures and Clippings

Individuals and Families- B

Individuals and Families- C

Individuals and Families - D

Individuals and Families - E

Individuals and Families - F

Individuals and Families - G

Individuals and Families - H

Individuals and Families - I J K

Individuals and Families - L

Individuals and Families - M

Individuals and Families - N, O

Individuals and Families - P, Q

Individuals and Families - R

Individuals and Families - S

Individuals and Families - T

Individuals and Families - U, V

Individuals and Families - A. Whittlesey

Individuals and Families - W

Individuals and Families - X, Y, Z
Title
Collection 710 Records of the Chefoo Schools Association
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Billy Graham Center Archives Repository

Contact:
501 College Avenue
Wheaton IL 60187 US
630-752-5910