Small Collection 072 Ephemera of Jonathan Edwards
The materials in this collection contain Northampton church meeting minutes, a receipt page, and engraved print. Meeting minutes consist of four hand-written documents. The first, dated 1 May 1748, concerns a mistaken payment source for Edwards’ salary, which was corrected to be drawn from the proper treasury. The second document, dated January 1749-1750 records the appointment of a committee to confer with Edwards and to travel to Boston to obtain more information regarding Edwards’ book on reversing Solomon Stoddard’s policy on open communion. If no information on the book was available, the committee resolved to appoint a respondent to address Edwards’ position. The third document, also dated January 1749-1750, records appointment of another committee to dissuade Edwards from preaching his views on communion. The fourth document is a set of receipt notations, presumably in Edwards' handwriting, listing salary payments, payments made and received, and loans of a book and pamphlets. Transcripts of each document are included in the folder. There is also a photograph of a print depicting Jonathan Edwards.
- Created: 1748-1750
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Biographical or Historical Information
Minister, theologian, revivalist, and missionary; born October 5, 1703 to Rev. Timothy and Esther Stoddard Edwards in East Windsor, Connecticut; experienced conversion at age ten after one of his father's annual revivals; graduated from Yale with highest honors in 1720; experienced a second major spiritual awakening that had a lasting impact on his life while studying theology for his graduate degree at Yale; first pastorate (1722), was at the First Presbyterian Church in New York City, followed by a second assignment to a church in Bolton, Connecticut, in 1723; accepted tutoring position at Yale in 1724 but left after a physical breakdown in 1725; fall 1726, called as an assistant pastor in the Congregational Church, Northampton, Massachusetts, where his grandfather Solomon Stoddard was minister; married Sarah Pierpont in 1727 and assumed sole leadership of the Northampton church following Stoddard’s death in 1729; leading advocate and proponent of the Great Awakening revivals of 1741-1742; ousted from the Northampton pastorate in 1750, following widespread dissatisfaction with Edwards’ reversal of Stoddard’s policy on open communion; assumed pastorate at the Indian mission at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, ministering among the Mahican and Mohawk Native Americans from 1751-1757; called to the presidency of the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) in 1757; died in 1758, following complications from a smallpox inoculation shortly after arriving in New Jersey.
Accruals and Additions
The materials in this collection were purchased by the Billy Graham Center Archives in 1979 and 1980.
- Small Collection 072 Ephemera of Jonathan Edwards
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