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OC International Records

Identifier: CN 222

Brief Description

Correspondence, reports, minutes, manuscripts, handbooks, directories, photographs, etc., relating to the mission's work of evangelism, church planting and development of national leadership in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America since its origin in 1950 and official founding in 1951. Documents describe the founding and expansion of the mission, administrations of Dick Hillis (first president from 1951-1976, but also including files dating back to 1933 on his years as a missionary in China with China Inland Mission) and subsequent presidents Luis Palau (only minimally), Clyde Cook and Larry Keyes, financial oversight and development of the mission, production of communication tools like publications and prayer letters, the activities of other divisions, philosophical and strategic emphasis on church growth, commitment to serving national churches and training national church leaders in the developing world, Evangelical theology, philosophy and ethos, political and social movements in the countries where the mission worked, working alongside other agencies in evangelism and discipleship, and other mission-related themes.


  • Created: 1933-1998


Conditions Governing Access

Copyrights to published materials in this collection are retained by O.C. International.

Historical/Biographical Information: OC International, Dick Hillis

History | O.C. International

Evangelical mission agency; founded by Dick Hillis as Orient Crusades in 1951; established ministries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America; emphasized training national Christians as a means to evangelize a country; developed programs such as Venture for Victory (later renamed Sports Ambassadors); assumed influential role in the Church Growth Movement and sponsored leadership conferences; led by presidents Hillis (1951-1976), Luis Palau (1976-1978), Clyde Cook (1978-1982), Larry Keyes (1983-2001), and Greg Gripentrog (2002- ); name later changed to Overseas Crusades (1961), OC Ministries (1979), and OC International (1989).

Founded: 1951 as Dick Hillis initially responded to Madam Chiang Kai Shek's request for men to preach to Nationalist Army soldiers in Taiwan and then to requests of Taiwanese churches that the visiting teams remain to help in training lay people and church personnel.

Headquarters locations:

  • 1951 Pasadena at the Navigators headquarters
  • 1952-1959 In the residences of senior executives
  • 1959-1960 Storefront in Los Angeles (or 1962)
  • 1960-1974 Palo Alto, California, at 265 Lytton Ave. (or 1962)
  • 1974-1984 Santa Clara, California, at 3033 Scott Blvd.
  • 1984-1991 Milpitas, California, at 25 Corning Ave., a suburb of San Jose in the Silicon Valley
  • 1991- Colorado Springs, Colorado

    Executive officers
  • 1951-1976 Dick Hillis, General Director. In 1970, due to poor health, Hillis delegated some responsibilities to a leadership team comprised of Norm Cummings, Ed Murphey, Hans Wilhelm, Norm Cook, and Dave Hanush.
  • 1970-1976 Norm Cummings, Executive Director
  • 1976-1978 Luis Palau, President; previously OC missionary in Argentina, Colombia, and Mexico. Upon completing his presidency he left the mission to establish his own worldwide evangelistic ministry.
  • 1978-1982 Clyde Cook, President. Previously a member of the Venture for Victory basketball team in the Philippines. Resigned to become president of Biola University.
  • 1982-1983 Paul Yaggy, Acting President
  • 1983-2001 Larry Keyes, President
  • 2001-2002 Sixteen-month oversight by senior leadership team
  • 2002- Greg Gripentrog

    Other significant officers:
  • Norman Cook Began working with OC in Taiwan in 1952. Later appointed Field Director of Taiwan, he acted in this capacity until 1971, when he became the Director of Personnel and Area Director of Asia.
  • Jim Montgomery Began his missionary career in 1958 in Taiwan. Moving on to the Philippines, he later served as Field Director there from 1968 through 1974. On a leave of absence during 1975 and 1976, he studied at Fuller Theo¬logical Seminary. He returned to administrative responsibilities in 1977 and worked as Director of Overseas Fields through 1978; the department was renamed Research and Strategy in 1979, and Montgomery continued as the director of that division. He also served as Managing Editor for the Global Church Growth Bulletin.
  • Ed Murphy Started with OC in Argentina. From 1962 through 1970, he directed the mission's work in Colombia as Field Director. In 1971, he was appointed Area Director of Latin America and Associate Executive Director of Ministry, and then Associate Executive Director of the mission in 1973.
  • Bud Schaeffer Involved with Sports Ambassadors since its earliest days as "Venture for Victory." After serving as Director of Sports Ambassadors, Schaeffer was appointed Director of the Special Ministries Department.
  • Hans Wilhelm Originally went to Taiwan as a Navigator missionary. He later became Field Director for Brazil and in 1971 was appointed Associate Executive Director of Administration. In 1978, Wilhelm assumed the post of Executive Vice President and most recently was assigned to lead OC's work in Germany.

    Other signficant events in organizational history (see other sections which overlap these)
  • 1950s Held city-wide crusades in Taiwan and cooperated in Billy Graham’s 1956 Orient Tour of crusades in Asia; developed sports ministry that grew into Venture for Victory and later Sports Ambassadors; worked to coordinate pastors' conferences in conjunction with World Vision and, in partnership with the Navigators, began a Bible correspondence course and a program for discipling national Christians; cooperated in establishing Morrison Academy in Taiwan and Faith Academy in the Philippines for the education of missionaries’ children; contributed to the founding of the Taiwan Missionary Fellowship, whose purpose was to bring together workers from various missions on the island for an annual Bible conference and for fellowship in cooperative ministries of evan¬gelism and theological education.
  • 1952 Venture for Victory founded by Ellsworth Culver
  • 1953 Incorporated as mission agency in Washington, DC, as Gospel Outreach
  • 1954 Norm Cummings appointed home director
  • 1960s Assumed an influential role in the Church Growth Movement as it initiated publication of the Church Growth Bulletin (later Global Church Growth Bulletin) in 1964; encouraged its directors and field directors to work toward M.A.'s in church growth by conducting research on various countries or groups of people; helped to coordinate the 1966 Wheaton Congress on the Church's Worldwide Mission.
  • 1962 Ken Anderson’s film Venture for Victory released; Overseas Ambassadors founded
  • 1963 Ken Anderson’s film Above All Else released
  • 1964 Ken Anderson’s film Inhale the Incense released; Don Odle retires as Venture for Victory director, replaced by Roy Thompson; Norm Cummings names president of EFMA
  • 1965 First OC Family Conference held at The Firs in Bellingham, WA
  • 1966 Billy Graham Evangelistic Association’s Associate Evangelist Bob Harrison joins the mission and tours Vietnam with Billy Graham and Norm Nelson
  • 1967 First OC Family Conference held at Mt. Hermon Conference Center
  • 1969 Jack King coaches the first Venture for Victory baseball team
  • 1970s Began sponsoring leadership conferences, addressing biblical concepts of leadership, emphasizing the team concept of ministry, and formulating its policies and procedures for the nationalization of churches.
  • 1970 Film Grain of Rice released; Ken Anderson’s film Man to Man released
  • 1971 First OC Family Conference held at Pine Cove Conference Center in Tyler, Texas; Board of Directors appoints an executive team to oversee the mission
  • 1978 Chuck Holsinger appointed director of Sports Ambassadors; Research & Strategy established; renamed or transformed into Communications in 1982; reconfigured into Development in 1987
  • 1980 Bud Schaeffer appointed director of Sports Ambassadors
  • 1981 Margaret Hillis died, April 15
  • 1983 No Ordinary Love, an Arnell Motz film, was released; Greg Gripentrog named Asia Area Director, Steve Aldrich named Latin America Director, Kent Yinger named Europe Area Director
  • ca. 1985 The Development Division was established. Although the Communications Department continued to function after this date, at some point in the next several years the functions of the Communications Department were taken over by the Development Department
  • 1988 Rob Cook named director of Sports Ambassadors; Bud Schaeffer named director emeritus of Sports Ambassadors

    Ministry emphasis: (taken from 1997 documents (in folder 69-7) apparently used as the text for a mission display; this mission statement was probably officially developed and approved by the mission’s executives and board) -- “The mission of OC International is to assist the Body of Christ to make disciples of all peoples.”

    Four values:
  • Focusing on Entire Nations. We believe that whole nations can and should be reached for Christ with the gospel. Our intention is to be involved in effective efforts where the goal is the evangelization of the entire nation.
  • Working Through the Entire Body of Christ. We seek to accomplish this nationwide by working with the entire church. We believe that the church is God’s instrument for His purpose of world evangelization, and that God has given the church gifted men and women to equip believers for the fulfillment of that purpose.
  • Multiplying the Church. We believe that the most effective means of making disciples is the establishment of witnessing evangelical congregations within physical and cultural proximity of every person in every nation.
  • Ministering in Teams. We are committed to the Biblical model of ministry teams. In ministry, team effort can benefit from a synergistic affect; the total effort of the team working together is greater than the sum of all the individual efforts working independently.

    Geographical emphasis:
  • 1950 Taiwan
  • 1952 Hong Kong; Okinawa (Japan), turned over to Navigators in 1957
  • 1953 Philippines
  • 1955 Korea, turned over to Navigators in 1958; Japan in partnership with Navigators, to which the work was turned over in 1958
  • 1956 South Vietnam
  • 1958 Argentina, closed in 1962
  • 1963 Brazil, Colombia
  • 1966 Greece
  • 1967 Mexico
  • 1968 Indonesia
  • 1973 Australia, closed in 1975
  • 1976 Guatemala
  • 1980 Curitiba (Brazil), France, Sri Lanka
  • 1981 Germany
  • 1984 China via OC broadcasts through FEBC; Singapore (mission documents indicate some level of ministry established earlier in 1970); India, Kenya, Canada
  • 1985 Japan (partnership with Navigators launched in 1955 and turned over to Navigators in 1958); Argentina reopened
  • 1989 Southern Africa Team established in Swaziland
  • 1992 Hong Kong (mission documents indicate some level of ministry established earlier in 1952)
  • 1993 Romania as a base to focus on Eastern Europe
  • 1995 Spain, also to be used as a base to focus on North Africa
  • 1997 Nepal

    Alternate names:
  • Originally the Formosa Crusades, 1950
  • Formosa Gospel Crusades, 1951
  • Orient Crusades, 1952
  • Overseas Crusades, 1961
  • OC Ministries, 1979
  • OC International, 1989

    The title Overseas Crusades was transferred to designate the United States division of the mission and use was later discontinued. From 1983 agency inventory text: Formosa Gospel Crusades ( -1955), Orient Crusades (1955-1961), Overseas Crusades (1961-1978), OC Ministries Inc (1978-1982); OC International (1989- )

  • China Christian Cable (1950-1953), Orient Crusade Cable (1953-1955), Missionary Cablegram (1955-1962), CABLE (1962-1979)
  • 1978-1987 The internal publication OC Family Update (initially within Overseas Fields Department or later renamed as Research & Strategy Department, 1978-1982; within the Communications Department, 1982-1987)
  • 1979-1982 World Spotlight
  • 1982-1987 Lost & Found, discontinued in 1987
  • 1988-1992 OC International Magazine, discontinued in 1992; a compilation of missionaries’ prayer letters: began as Missionary Newsletter; it became Newsletter in 1972, News/Letter in 1977, and News Letter in 1978.

    Other significant information: OC's emphasis on training national Christians as a means to evangelize a country developed into a central characteristic of OC and was embodied in the organizational motto: "Every heart without Christ, a mission field; and every heart with Christ, a missionary." A basic principle of the mission's philoso¬phy was that "the best way to evangelize any country is to edify and stim¬ulate and mobilize the church." A corollary of this approach was that minis¬tries of OC were church related, and that it did not start its own churches, but rather worked with existing churches. As a result of these emphases, OC entered a new country at the invitation of national churches, rather than on its own initiative and did not feel compelled to maintain its work in a country when that work could be handed over to another church or mission. Examples of this were the mission's withdrawals from Okinawa, Argen¬tina, and Australia.

    Examples of OC’s emphasis on team ministry (as stated in Ministry Emphasis section above) span the mission’s history. An early example of this was the evangelistic basketball teams of "Venture for Victory," which later became Sports Ambassadors. The Luis Palau Evangelistic Team developed as an outreach to the Spanish speaking world, and Christ the Only Way Movement was a team program which OC introduced in the Philippines. OC also structured its regional fields on the team format; these were thus referred to as the Brazil Team, Colombia Team, etc. Other examples of team ministry were the Singing Ambassadors, Youth Ambassadors, Medical Ambassadors, and Overseas Ambassadors.

    During the 1960s and ‘70s, the mission emphasized the church growth principles and practices in its philosophy and strategic planning.

    Biographical Information | Dick Hillis

    Full name: Charles Richard "Dick" Hillis

    Birth: Born an American citizen in Canada in 1913

    Death: December 14, 2005, in Ripon, CA

    Marital Status: Married Margaret Louise Humphrey, 1939. Married Ruth Kopperud, April 2, 1982

  • 1930-1932 Bible Institute of Los Angeles (BIOLA)
  • 1942-1943 Dallas Theological Seminary
  • 1956 Honorary doctorate degree from BIOLA

  • 1933-1941, 1945-1949 Joined China Inland Mission; studied at CIM’s training home in Huaning, Anhui Province (1934); stationed at Shenqiu, Henan Province (1935-1941); taught at the Bible school in Chowkiakow, Henan (1947-1948); transferred to Shanghai on loan to Youth for Christ (1948); captured by the Communists and held under house arrest for eighteen months before being expelled from China (1948-1949)
  • 1942-1945 Director of the Missions Department of BIOLA College
  • 1949-1951 Discouraged by the fall of China to the communists and what was perceived as the impending fall of Taiwan, Hillis intended to return to the United States to teach missions and church history at a Christian college. However, while attending a YFC summer conference at Winona Lake in 1950, he committed himself to respond to Madam Chiang Kai Shek's request for men to preach to the Nation¬alist armies in Taiwan. Hillis went to Taiwan as part of the first YFC short-term team with Uri Chandler and Ellsworth "Ells" Culver and was also part of the first permanent team to go to Taiwan in 1951 in response to requests by Taiwanese churches that the teams stay to help with training programs for lay people and church personnel.
  • 1951-1976 Founded Formosa Crusades (1951); General Director (1951-1970); retired for health reasons and in order to provide full-time spiritual leader¬ship of the mission (1970); briefly assumed the newly-created position of President (1976) and upon the appointment of Luis Palau as President was named Vice Presi¬dent-At-Large to actively assist the mission and participate in missions conferences and seminars.

    Other significant information:
  • Dedicated himself to missionary service during his freshman year at BIOLA
  • Authored numerous books on missions, particularly based on his own experiences in Asia, as well as on the role of the Holy Spirit in the Christian's life.
  • 1985 Steel in his Soul: The Dick Hillis Story written by Jan Windebrenner
  • Extent

    47.25 Linear Feet

    78 document cases

    2 record cartons

    Language of Materials


    Arrangement and Description

    The documents in this collection include correspondence, financial reports, annual reports, field reports, minutes of meetings, project proposals, manuscripts, organizational charts, biographical data, handbooks, a syllabus and study guide, directories, promotional material, news and prayer letters, press clippings, news releases, photographs and a photo album, audio and video tapes, and papers of founder Dick Hillis, all related to the mission's work since its beginning in 1950 and official founding in 1951. Documents describe the founding and expansion of the mission, the administrations of Dick Hillis, the mission’s first president from 1951-1976 (includes files dating back to 1933 on his years as a missionary in China with China Inland Mission) and subsequent presidents Luis Palau, Clyde Cook and Larry Keyes, financial oversight and development of the mission, its production of communication tools such as its publications and prayer letters, the activities of its various other divisions, and its philosophical and strategic emphasis on church growth (most evident if not explicit in the documents dating between the 1960s and early-1980s, but especially in the files of the Director of Research and Strategy).

    OC’s commitment to serving national churches and empowering national leaders, evangelists and missionaries (beginning under Hillis’s leadership), was expressed in its collaboration with national churches in the developing world, and its inclusion of missionaries in its own staff from those countries (including Argentina, Brazil, Liberia, Philippines, and Taiwan). Although more evident in programs and activities than explicit in policy statements, several examples of this emphasis include an appeal for internationalizing the mission (folder 67 13), a proposed policy on the relationship of national Christians to the mission (folder 2-86), and photographs of or including national workers and leaders; for other examples also search on the term “national” in this guide. Political or historical events will be found as background to the documents in the collection, including the Cold War and anti-communism (see the Hillis series, especially his own transition from work as a missionary in China to Taiwan), or the Vietnam War (see the prayer letters and photographs of missionaries who worked in Vietnam, such as Glenn Johnson, John Newman) or folder 49-1. Also implicit in the collection through the mission’s philosophy and programs was its reflection of Evangelical theology and ethos, but explicit examples can be found such as lectures during the mission’s Mt. Hermon conferences (see audio tapes T20 to T45), articles written by Hillis (see boxes 45, 46, 47, 48, and 49), or manuscripts such as those in folder 1-31 or folder 6-6. There is some documentation on themes relevant to missions, including the role of women (folders 55-16 and 70-10), and positions on Pentecostalism and the ecumenical movement (folder 1-13).

    These documents have been arranged according to the office from which they originated:

  • Board of Directors
  • Presidents
  • | Dick Hillis (1951-1976)
  • | Luis Palau (1976-1978)
  • | Clyde Cook (1978-1982); also some files of Paul Yaggy as interim
  • | Larry Keyes (1983-2001)
  • Executive Vice President (Hans Wilhelm)
  • Director of Research and Strategy (Jim Montgomery)
  • Executive Director of Financial Ministries
  • Development Department
  • | Administrative
  • | Publications
  • | Prayer letters

    The arrangement of the records has remained as it was received. Folder titles were retained as received, unless there was no title, in which case the archivist supplied the title. In the collection as originally arranged, there was a small Miscellaneous subseries which was part of the Presidents series; there was no distinguishable order evident in these records as received. With the substantial expansion of the collection, these files have been integrated into the appropriate series of the corresponding president.

    Some materials have been removed from their original order because of their size. In cases where such a document has been removed from a folder, a note to this effect has been placed where the document would have appeared and also indicates where the document(s) may be found. In addition, thermofax copies of documents in the collection were replaced with acid-free photocopies due to their deteriorating quality. Duplicates have also been removed from the collection with the permission of OC International and returned to donor.
  • Board of Directors

    Arrangement: Chronological

    Date Range: 1969-1974

    Volume: .2 linear feet

    Boxes: 1

    Type of documents: Minutes, field reports, notes on candidates, financial reports, annual meeting reports, personnel reports, organizational charts

    Notes: Among these records are the minutes of Board meetings from 1971 through 1973 (folders 1-1 through 1-3), which include field reports, notes on prospective candidates, and financial reports. These records also contain reports from the Board's annual meetings from 1969 to 1977 (folders 1-4 through 1-9), and include the General Director's report, field, financial, and personnel re¬ports, as well as organizational charts. These records are particularly rich in administrative detail, documenting decision-making processes as well as developments within the organization and its divisions throughout the world.

    Exceptional items: Several reports presented at the annual meeting stand out: "The Ministry and Organizational Development of Overseas Crusades as an Apostolic Team" in folder 1-8 and "Mass Evangelism, Friend or Foe?" by Ed Murphy in folder 1-9.


    Arrangement: Into five subseries: Dick Hillis, Luis Palau, Clyde Cook, Larry Keyes, and Greg Gripentrog (for whom no files have yet been received at the Archives).

    Date Range: 1933-1997

    Volume: 25.15 linear feet

    Boxes: 1, 4, 26-71

    Notes: These files, roughly half of the collection, consist of the records of the president’s office, including one series of Dick Hillis’s records.

    President | Dick Hillis

    Arrangement: By eight sections established by Hillis: board, administration, executive correspondence, general correspondence, personnel, historical, miscellaneous and personal, and books and articles

    Date Range: 1933-1993

    Volume: 12.75 linear feet

    Boxes: 1, 26-50

    Geographic coverage: US, international (especially countries where OC had firmly-established work, including Brazil, Colombia, Greece, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Vietnam, and others.

    Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, reports, minutes, financial statements, news releases, news and prayer letters, promotional pieces, book and article manuscripts and related correspondence, and other administrative documents.

    Correspondents: In addition to Hillis, OC mission executives, staff and missionaries, leaders of other mission agencies, church leaders in the US and countries where OC served, government representatives in the US and countries where OC served, Christian publishers, etc.

    Subjects: Broad themes such as the vision and direction of the mission, its financial healthiness, nationalization of the mission’s operations and programs in the various countries where it served, personnel issues, fund-raising, Hillis’s representation of the mission to the Christian public, the operation of the mission, and other mission-related topics.

    Notes: These files consist of Hillis’s records as the founder and first president of the mission. His Board of Directors files include meeting files with agenda, reports and previous meeting minutes, as well as correspondence with board members. These files span beyond Hillis’s presidency which concluded in 1976. See also folder 40-13 with 1953-1954 correspondence with early board members.

    Hillis’s correspondence files include: letter-specific files (A-Z of correspondence with pastors, friends and supporters, other mission executives and figures), country files (Africa, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Europe, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guam, Guatemala, Hawaii, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Latin America, Malaya, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Orient, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, with mission representatives, national church leaders, consular contacts, and others); OC missionaries in a given country may be found represented in the file), organizations and supporting churches (such as Back to the Bible, BIOLA, China Inland Mission during its OMF period, Church of the Open Door, FEBC, Moody Press, Tyndale House Publishers), OC mission personnel (Dick Cadd, Norm Cummings, Paul Dekker, Stan Jeter, Lloyd Kilgore, Jack King, Paul Landry, Paul McKaughan, John McWilliam, Bill McKee, Norm Nelson, Don Odle, Luis Palau, Ed Silvoso, Daniel Tran, Lester Wait, Helena Wiebe, Hans Wilhelm, Jim Williams), and other figures and friends such as Clay Cooper (see also folder 40-15), Hillis’s brother Don Hillis with TEAM, Overseas Ambassadors leader Maynard Rotermund, Ray Stedman (see also folders 30-14 and 31-4 on trips that Stedman and Hillis took together representing the mission). An additional small set appears after this alphabetical arrangement consisting of more OC staff-related files although it is unclear why these were filed separately, but include Mike Anthony, Keith Brown, Tom and Clare Chandler, Clyde Cook, Norman Cook, Arnell Motz, James Montgomery, Ed Murphy, National Workers, Bud Schaeffer.

    Hillis’s Country Files (boxes 38, 39, 40) include more general field administration files for a given country and files by individual. Included are files for Taiwan (David Liao, Bill Lee, Jason and Joyce Johnson, Jim and Pat Santee, Rahn and Stephanie Strickler, Jim Ziervogel), Philippines (Faith Academy, Don Boesel, Dave and Ann Childress, Jeanie Curryer, Keith and Karen Davis, Jim and Sue De Vries, Tine Hardeman, Steve and Nancy Hillis, Ron Kent, Diane Morris, Paul Neumann, Tom and Karen Randall, Ben Siaki), Brazil (Jim Kemp, Bill Keyes, Larry Keyes, Ken and Diane Kudo, Jim abd Julie McNutt, John Quam, Doug and Joyce Spurlock, Ary Velloso, Joe Walsh), Mexico (Lou and Marissa Delgado), Colombia (Steve and Bonnie Aldrich (also see folder 41-7), Mark Asp, Frank Fiorenza, John Jauchen, Daryl and Carolyn Platt), Greece (Michael Kantartjis, Richard Parke), Guatemala (Bill and Marilyn Coe, Stan and Linda Herod, Mike and Sandy Kadera, Edwin Martinez, Galo and Joanne Vasquez), Indonesia (Jerry and Suzann Cline, Jon and Judi Culver, Greg Gripentrog, Ron Matsuda, Jim Van Meter, Singapore (Fos Donaldson), and Vietnam (John Newman). Included with the Country Files are several miscellaneous files for other ministries and aspects of the mission’s operation, including coordinating with the Navigators (Roy Robertson of the Navigators’ Taiwan operation and Lorne Sanny), Ellsworth Culver from OC’s early days coordinating with Youth for Christ, Sports Ambassadors (including handbooks), Deputation Department, Short-Term Ministry, conferences and retreats in the US, Radio and Television, and Overseas Ambassadors (a laymen’s division of OC).

    A number of Hillis’s files were identified as “historical” (boxes 40 and 41) and these miscellaneous files about the early activity and development of the mission include press releases, correspondence, clippings, promotional material, and more. Among them are a biographical file (press releases, clippings, the China Millions issue featuring Hillis when he was first joining the mission), correspondence (early documents about coordinating ministry of Philippine Youth Crusades in the Philippines and Youth for Christ in Taiwan, and letters from Madame Chiang Kai-Shek and her secretary (folder 40-11), letters to and from Billy Graham (folder 40-12 including Graham’s request for prayer by Taiwanese Christians in anticipation of his 1954 London Crusade), material on his fellow-CIM missionary Charles Springer (folder 40 14), Pat Wiedenmann (Hillis’s secretary in folder 40-16), early Youth for Christ material (folder 40-17 with letters to Hubert Mitchell, from Bob Cook, and from Ted Engstrom). Also see news releases, primarily about Hillis, in folder 30 9. Interspersed are files with material on missionary and musician Russell Killman (folder 41-2), Hillis’s interview transcripts about the early history of the mission or notes for other publications or projects (folders 41-3 and 41-6), or notes on that history by others (folder 41-5). Hillis also maintained a consolidated set of miscellaneous and personal files, including family correspondence, his early prayer letters while a missionary in China (folder 43-5) and those spanning 1950-1985 (folders 44-1 to 44-4), medical and travel information including passports with early photos (folder 43-9), his will, some financial and investment information, documentation on the Hillis’s homes, etc. Folder 42-1 titled “dad” relates to Hillis’s father in his later life and at the time of his death, while folders 42-5, 6 is of correspondence from Hillis to his own children and folder 42-7 to members of Hillis’s extended family. “Political” in folder 42-10 consists of letters to and from offices of various government offices about Hillis’s letters on a variety of domestic and international issues. Also among Hillis’s miscellaneous files were two sets of prayer letters for OC missionaries Don and Shirley Fults (folder 44-5) and Ed Murphy (folder 44-6); these may overlap the prayer letters in boxes 5 to 26, but for these two families they bring all the letters together. Folder 1 39 contains several organizational charts from the 1970s. Two sets of biographical data sheets from the 1960s and 1976-1982 can be found in folders 1 10 and 1 11. Folder 1-13 contains an official Statement of Faith and responses to questions about OC's stand on Pente¬costalism and the ecumenical movement. The 1974-version of the Administrative Services Handbook is found in folder 1 24. The early part of the story of the Leadership Conferences coordinated by the mission beginning in 1970 is partially told in Hillis’s files, documenting the 1971 conference (folder 1-38). Materials generated by the Finance Committee can be found in folders 1-23 and 1-26. A manuscript of interest among these files is "Goals and Objec¬tives for the First Missionary Team" (folder 1 27).

    The final section of the Hillis records relate to his writing, whether books or articles in Christian publications, including OC’s. Together, written to the general Christian public, these reflect Hillis’s attempt to energize missions support and consideration of a range of issues related to his experience as a missionary (such China Assignment), mission-related themes (such as Inhale the Incense on idolatry), practical theology as it relates to mission activity (such as Are the Heathen Really Lost?), attempts to stimulate missions commitment (The Spirit Speaks...Are You Listening?), and more. Represented are various book titles and many articles. Included is correspondence with publishers and editors about the production, distribution and sales, and impact of the books, as well as from readers. Also among the folders are those such as Biographies (folder 48-4), Book Reviews (folder 48-5), Published Articles Written by Other OC Personnel (folder 48-13), and Vietnam (folder 49-1). Also gathered together are files by publication title or organization, ranging from The Christian Herald to Christianity Today to The King’s Business to Power. These files not only record Hillis’s writing but also document the mission emphasis of Christian publishing between the early 1950s and the mid-1980s.

    President | Luis Palau

    Date Range: 1976-1978

    Volume: .1 linear feet

    Boxes: 1

    Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, minutes, reports, publicity material

    Notes: This very small subseries consists of a few documents describing the operation of the mission during Palau’s two-year presidency. Among these are a memo describing restructuring of the Board and mission (folder 1-14), Palau’s letter of resignation and associated documents (folder 1-17), a 1977 Leadership Conference (folder 1-33), answers by various leaders and staff of OC to the questions, "What are my hopes?" and "What are my expectations?," both in relation to the development of the mission.

    President | Clyde Cook

    Arrangement: By four sections, largely as received from the president’s office: General correspondence (A-Y), OC staff (A-W), Countries (Brazil-Venezuela), and Administrative, arranged alphabetically within each section.

    Date Range: 1967-1982 (primarily 1978-1981)

    Volume: 7.5 cubic feet

    Boxes: 1, 51-62, 70-71, 80

    Geographic coverage: US and international

    Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, project and trip reports, minutes, financial reports, news releases, a few news and prayer letters, statistics, promotional pieces, letters of reference, letters of resignation, article manuscripts and related correspondence, annual reports, publications, copies of documents sent to other administrators or missionaries, constitution and by-laws and other administrative documents created in Cook’s capacity of directing the mission

    Correspondents: In addition to Cook, OC mission executives, staff and missionaries, leaders of other mission agencies and missions specialists, pastors in the US, church leaders in the US and countries where OC served, donors, government representatives in the US and countries where OC served, Christian publishers, etc.

    Subjects: Among the subjects addressed throughout Cook’s files are broad themes such as the vision and direction of the mission, its financial healthiness, nationalization of the mission’s operations and programs in the various countries where it served, personnel issues, fund-raising, Hillis’s representation of the mission to the Christian public, the operation of the mission, and other mission-related topics.

    Notes: These files span the five-year period (1978-1982) when Cook was OC’s third president. Interfiled into this section are the files of interim president Paul Yaggy, who served as acting president until Larry Keyes was appointed in 1983.

    The General Correspondence section, both with individuals (Leighton Ford in folder 51-10 or Juan Isais in folder 51-16 or Donald McGavran in folders 51-24,25) or organizations, contains letters which for the most part are routine and brief; the bulk of this section is from those outside the mission, but in a few cases, the correspondence comes from members of the OC family. In some cases a whole folder is designated to a single agency, such as folder 51-7 for EFMA or folder 51-8 with manuscripts and Cook’s drafts of articles for the mission publication EMQ or folder 52-2 for MARC (with correspondence with Ed Dayton). A person and the organization they represent may appear within the section both under the agency and the person’s name. In some cases, because of the way the files were received from the donor, several folders may be available for the same letter (e.g. F in folder 51-9 for 1979-1980 and 51-10 for 1981) rather than consolidated as one file. Folder 51-23 consists of correspondence with a single congregation, the Los Gatos Christian Church, that OC apparently had a longstanding relationship with. Sprinkled throughout the General Correspondence section are responses to a survey on “Attitudes on Divorce and Remarriage as it Pertains to Missionary Candidates.”

    The Staff section consists almost entirely of correspondence and memos or reports between missionaries (some longstanding with the mission) and the president or other administrative staff, although there is an occasional article or presentation manuscript or copies of communication between others (such as from Keith Davis to Donald McGavran in folder 53-7). Ranging from short routine notes to more extended discussions of philosophy or strategy, the correspondence reflects activity in the US office and in the many countries the mission was operating in. These files represent most if not all OC missionaries working at the time, as listed below: Steve Aldrich, Mike Anthony, Mark and Caroline Asp, Jun Balayo, Ted and Martha Barnett, Keith Brown, Met Castillo, Tom Chandler, Dave Childress, Jerry Cline, Bill Coe, Jon Culver, Norm Cummings, Jeanie Curyer, Keith Davis, Lou Delgado, Jim De Vries, Ace Edewards, Frank Fiorenza, Steve Grant, Bob Harrison, Dick Hillis, Steve and Nancy Hillis, Chuck Holsinger, John Hubbard, John Jauchen, Jason Johnson, Mike Kadera, Michael Kantartjis, Jim Kemp, Bill Keyes, Larry Keyes, Dave Lebate, Joe and Cindy Lathrop, David Liao, Jim Montgomery, Arnell Motz, Ed Murphy, Paul Neumann, John Newman, Ted Olsen, Dick Pearson, Daryl Platt, Tom Randall, Don Rendle, Julio Ruibal, Jim Santee, Bud Schaeffer, Ben Siaki, Dwight Smith, Darwin Sokoken, Douglas Spurlock, Myron Steeves, Rahn Strickler, Bill Thomas, Jim Van Meter, Galo Vasquez, Ruperto Velez, Bob Waymire, Hans Wilhelm.

    The subjects covered are largely administrative, relating to financial needs and support levels, pending projects, mission philosophy, strategy and direction, appointments of new missionaries, reassessment of a current assignment, the relationship of OC with the newly formed Luis Palau Ministries, routine communication to keep in touch, field coordination, activities in the country of service and sphere of operation, nationalization and the role of national workers (folder 54 17), and the role of women in the mission and on the field (folder 55-16). Folder 54-1 includes a memo discussing the future status of former president Dick Hillis.

    The Countries section spans the countries where OC had workers placed or where it was considering placing workers such as Puerto Rico (folder 58-7). The bulk of the documents are from the field director or missionaries in the specified country. The countries represented include: Brazil, China, Colombia, Greece, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Venezuela. Among the documents are reports, correspondence, manuscripts of articles and presentations on various aspects of ministry in the context, field and field meeting reports, statistics, promotional material, and publications. The China file (folder 57-3) includes an OMF study program booklet.

    Finally in the Cook portion of the presidential records is the dministrative section, largely the remaining material arranged by the archivist with some file titles assigned by the archivist. This brings together a variety of files on themes related to the operation of the mission, finance, policy, strategic planning, and leadership development. Of note is a file on the scope of area director position and it’s place in the organizational structure (folder 59-21), board of director files, the OC of Canada which was founded in 1977 (folders 59-4,5,6,7,8), Dick Hillis’s appointment as chaplain in 1982 (folder 59-10), field director memos, finance (folder 60-9), OC history (folder 61-2), leadership conferences (folders 61-4,5,6,7), the senior administrative leadership team (folders 61-8,9), name change of the mission (folders 61-12,13), national plans for assorted countries in which OC worked (folder 61-14), projected objectives and progress reports, largely for 1982 (folder 61-15,16,17), personnel (folder 61-18), press releases (folder 61 20), Cook’s resignation (folder 61-21), and marketing and fund-raising (folders 61-22 and 62 1), correspondence with board member Bill Lawrence (folder 62-3,4), special representatives (folders 62-5,6), and Sports Ambassadors (folders 62-7,8). Also included in boxes 70 and 71 are a small set of files which document the operation of OC’s internal library. Mate¬rial on OC's history back to the 1950s is located in folder 1 30, while Cook’s 1982 resignation is documented in folder 1 12. Folder 1-56 includes the official Statement of Faith. The 1981 financial report is located in folder 1 22. There are several manuscripts among these files: Paul Eshleman's address, "Increasing Your Impact in Evangelism and Discipleship," and Clyde Cook's response (folder 1 29), and in folder 1-31 "How to Develop a Team of Missionaries," "The Ministry and Organizational Development of Overseas Crusades as an Apostolic Team,""Evaluation of Missionaries," and"Overseas Cru¬sades' Role in Mass Evangelism.

    Exceptional items: Included is a notebook which records the presidential search which brought Cook to OC as its president in 1978 (folder 60-2).

    President | Larry Keyes

    Arrangement: By four sections: General correspondence (A-W), Staff, Countries, Administrative, alphabetically within each

    Date Range: 1954-1997

    Volume: 4.8 linear feet

    Boxes: 1, 4, 62-70

    Geographic coverage: US and international

    Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, project and trip reports, meeting minutes, financial reports, country and personnel-related files, conference materials, promotional pieces, article and message manuscripts, annual reports, a few files inherited from Clyde Cook, constitution and by laws, program materials, policy manuals

    Correspondents: In addition to Cook, OC mission executives, staff and missionaries

    Subjects: Vision and direction of the mission, its financial healthiness, internationalization of the mission’s operations and programs in the various countries where it served, personnel issues, fund-raising, the mission’s internship program, the operation of the mission, and other mission-related topics.

    Notes: These files begins with the transition from Cook’s to Keyes’ presidency in 1983. The general correspondence section consists of correspondence from agencies, churches (largely from California) or individuals outside OC, classified by alphabetical arrangement. The files are relatively thin on subjects ranging from routine replies to inquiries, follow-up on meetings, invitations to preach or participate in another mission’s event, thanks to donors, and following up on a meeting or shared acquaintance. Paul Yaggy continued as Acting President until January 31, 1983, so there are a few of his letters which are in the Keyes’ subseries as he answered correspondence during the initial period of Keyes’ presidency. Several files are labeled by organization (World Evangelical Fellowship in folder 62-31 and World Vision in folder 62-32) rather than just alphabet letter.

    The Staff section represents a small number of OC staff, including: Mike Anthony, Jun Balayo, Jerry Cline, Allen and Janis Cochrane, Keith Davis, Frank Fiorenza, Tim Halls, Dick Hillis, Charles Holsinger, Bill Keyes, Jim Montgomery, Daryl Platt, Bud Schaeffer, Darwin Sokoken, Myron Steeves, Rahn Strickler, Bill Thomas, Harry Twining, David Vasquez, Ary Velloso, Paul Yaggy.

    The correspondence relates to the administrative area or country where the person was assigned, staff appointments, personal or mission future direction, resignations, reports on trips or projects, introductions at the beginning of his presidency, reflections on news articles, potential staff and recruitment, and other internal administrative matters.

    The Countries section consists of correspondence, background information, reports, article manuscripts, etc., discussing and scheduling events and visits, strategy for the particular country or region and its relation to the overall goals of the mission, personnel allocation, etc. The countries represented include: China, Colombia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Indonesia, Latin America, Mexico, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan.

    The Administrative section consists of remaining material arranged by the archivist with some file titles assigned by the archivist. Among these are correspondence, reports, budgets and other financial information, background information, annual reports, conference materials, mailings to board members, mission objectives statements, manuscripts, incorporation documents, notebooks, policy manuals, etc., on the oversight and operation of the mission. Among the topics documented are the management of the mission, its financial health, constitutional changes, allocation of its staff, oversight by field directors, an internship program (see also folders 1-57 and 1-58), the relocations of the mission headquarters to Santa Clara in 1974, to Milpitas in 1984 (both in northern California), and in anticipation of moving to Colorado Springs in 1991. Folder 70-8 contains a marketing research report on a survey conducted by a team of Jim Engel’s staff of direct mail recipients. An alumni directory with photographs of Sports Ambassadors participants and staff is found in folder 70-9. Folder 70-10 contains statements by the mission on the role of women in OC, particularly in the context of its team ministries. Folder 1-59 includes some record of the missions STEP '82 program, a summer missionary program for students in the Philippines (folder 1-59).

    Exceptional items: See folders 62-26 and 63-1 for correspondence with Donald McGavran. Folders 63-12, 13 consist of letter excerpts sent from Chinese listeners between 1983-1988 (identifying information was removed to protect the writer); also included are excerpts of letters from Russia, Japan and Philippines), while folder 63-14 contains logs for Mandarin programs. Folders 64-1, 2, 3 contain materials from the first COMIBAM (Congreso Misionero Ibero-Americano or Ibero-American Missions Congress) conference in 1987, the first) in Sao Paulo in 1987. Keyes’ files include documents on the launching and early operation of Outreach Canada (the Canadian counterpart to the US division of OC) in folders 66-3, 4, 5, 6, 7. The beginnings of the Christ Our Way movement are outlined in folder 66-9. Colombia 94, the national counterpart to the international Amsterdam '83, is documented in folder 66-10. A document outlining a crisis management program (established in 1982 following the 1981 kidnaping and murder of missionary Chet Bitterman in Colombia) is found in folder 66-13. A probably complete series of the mission’s Handbook of Principles and Policies is found in folders 67-1 to 67-10 and folder 1 25, spanning 1954-1981. A fellowship was established in 1992 in Dick Hillis’s honor to provide sabbaticals for OC missionaries. An attempt to establish ministry in 1987 in India is reflected in folder 67 13 which involved a partnership with Indian Evangelical Mission. A report compiling replies to a request for reflection on internationalizing the mission is in folder 67-13. Folders 67-14 to 69-1 record the activities of OC’s internship program for the years 1981-1991, including curriculum outline, assessments of participants, faculty profiles, program materials for participants. Folder 69-7 contains the text of some type of exhibit the mission prepared, including captions, highlights by decades, and consolidated mission history. Folder 69-16 consists of a 1960-vintage manual on the Overseas Ambassadors program for laymen to further the goals of the mission, observe the work of the mission through visits to its fields, and participate in mission projects.

    Executive Vice President | Hans Wilhelm

    Arrangement: Alphabetical by country and record type

    Date Range: 1972-1977

    Volume: .2 linear feet

    Boxes: 1

    Geographic coverage: Brazil, Germany, and Taiwan

    Type of documents: Information files, long-range plan

    Notes: This small section includes information files from several countries, includ¬ing folder 1-64 contains a long-range plan for Taiwan prepared by Jason Johnson and also information on the opening of a Servicemen's Center for Chinese soldiers in Taichung, Taiwan. Folder 1-65 contains material on the Luis Palau Evangelistic Team.

    Director of Research & Strategy | Jim Montgomery

    Arrangement: Alphabetical by country

    Date Range: 1970-1982, undated

    Volume: 2.3 linear feet

    Boxes: 1-2, 4, 71-72

    Geographic coverage: Australia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Uruguay

    Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, memos, article and message manuscripts, questionnaire

    Correspondents: OC administrators and field personnel, Montgomery’s colleagues in the Research & Strategy Team (Bob Waymire, Ted Olsen, Pat Kelly)

    Notes: These records offer in-depth coverage of Montgomery's administration as Director of Research and Strategy (formerly called Overseas Fields), documenting the function of this division and the routine development and maintenance of OC's work overseas. Described in the 7/24/80 minutes of the division (see folder 72-3), “research [is defined] as activities that lead to the opening of new fields, and strategy as what we do when we get there.” The country-related files, many arranged according to personnel in a particular country, include material on the goal and objective statements of missionaries, purchase of properties, field strategies, travel arrangements for missionaries to and from the United States, and coordination between field operations and the main office. An additional set of Montgomery’s files were added in boxes 71 and 72.

    Exceptional items: The files from Brazil include an evaluation of a two-week Research Technique Seminar (folder 6 2). Folder 2 11 contains material on the financial position of OC's work in Colombia. Correspondence with Luis Palau about a crusade in the Dominican Republic is located in folder 2-17. Among the files on Greece is a five-year plan for OC work there (folder 2-23). OC's proposed entries into India and Sri Lanka are documented in folders 2-29 and 2-72 through 2-74. The India files also include correspondence with the Church Growth Association of India (folder 2-31). Material on church growth in Mexico can be found in a transcribed interview in folder 2-39. The files on the Philippines, where Montgomery worked and served as Field Director and where OC has been active since the early 1950s, include material on the Christ the Only Way Movement, the Philippine Congress on Discipling a Nation in 1980 (folders 2-66, 2-68, and 2-69), a policy handbook from Philippine crusades entitled Our Family Handbook (folder 2 65), and the results of a church growth survey in the Philippines (folder 2-70).

    A number of the country files also include monthly reports from OC workers. Among them are Brazil (folder 6-2), Colombia (folder 2-14), Greece (folder 2-24), Guatemala (folder 2-27), Indonesia (folder 2-38), the Philippines (folder 2-64, and Taiwan (folder 2-77).

    There are a number of manuscripts within these files: "Discipleship and World Evangelization" (folder 6-6), "Why the Missionary Evangelistic Work Did Not Grow in Greece" (folder 2-24), "Proposed Model for Church Mobilization" (folder 6-3) , as well as a number of "Think Papers" on mission strategy and the emphasis on team ministry in OC (also in folder 6-3). Folder 2-69 contains addresses from the 1980 Philippine Congress on Discipling a Nation.

    Montgomery's files also contain a few other miscellaneous materials worthy of mention. Folder 2-83 contains a questionnaire from David Barrett which Montgomery and Robert Waymire responded to on the exegesis of Matthew 28:19 and other questions regarding discipleship and discipling. In 1975, the Brazil Team developed a "national plan" for 1976 to 1991; detailed information on this plan is contained in folder 6-4. OC preliminary national plans were developed for other countries in 1977; folder 2 84 contains correspondence on these. Folder 2-81 contains OC's annual reports from 1977 through 1980. A proposed policy on the relationship of national Christians to OC is covered in reports in folder 2-86. Lastly, in 1977 a proposal was made to expand the Special Representatives Program, an OC program for ministry to the church in North America. Folder 2-88 contains the proposal report on this program, including detailed flow charts, time projections, budget proposals, and job descriptions.

    Also of interest, folder 2-58 includes some material on the 1977 Billy Graham Crusade in Manila. Folder 6-8 contains a copy of the first issue (February 1977) of Crusade News for that crusade.

    Also among Montgomery’s files are Colombia correspondence (mostly with Paul Landrey in folder 71-8), correspondence with Ron Matsuda in Indonesia (folder 71-9) and David Liao in Thailand (folder 71-14), a series of reports by Norm Cook on country visits in 1978, (San Francisco) Bay Area ministry files (folders 71-15,16,17,18), a small set of “new fields” files (folders 71-19,20) including Frank Fiorenza’s plans to initiate new ministry in Latin American countries, information on “growth crusades” in folder 71-22, Montgomery’s (folder 71-23) and Norm Cook’s (folder 72-1) ministry reports, Research & Strategy Team meeting minutes (folder 72-3), and sports ministries reports (folder 72-4). Several Montgomery files are also found in box 1 (folders 1-18, 20, 21, 28 and 36), including the manuscript "Purpose, Goals, Strategy, and Program Statement" (folder 1 28).

    Director of Financial Ministries

    Arrangement: General, foundations, special representatives, correspondence with donors

    Date Range: 1964-1976 (bulk 1974-1976)

    Volume: 2.0 linear feet

    Boxes: 76-79

    Geographic coverage: Domestic operation to cultivate and maintain financial support from the United States

    Type of documents: Correspondence with donors and foundations, reports on contacts, internal communication on fund-raising efforts, memos coordinating the financial operation of the mission and its departments, Ed LeBeau’s reports, material related to newsletter production, printing requests for marketing materials, insurance-related information, financial statements, reports to the Board of Directors

    Correspondents: Ed LeBeau (Director of Financial Ministries), “special representatives,” Norm Cummings, Norm Cook, Dick Hillis, Dave Hannush (Director of Adminstration and then Controller), Chuck Holsinger, Stan Jeter, Paul Landrey, Ed Murphy, Luis Palau, Dick Pearson (Dinner Coordinator), Hans Wilhelm (Associate Executive Director), board member Vic Whetzel, and foundation contacts, and individual donors

    Subjects: Financial operation of the mission and fund-raising

    Notes: This series consists of the files of Ed LeBeau, Director of Financial Ministries, spanning 1974 to 1976. The records document the operation of the division, fund-raising efforts among individual donors and foundations, and the offer of stewardship counseling services.

    The foundation files include internal correspondence on fund-raising efforts, background information on foundations as potential sources of funding, and a record of attempts to cultivate support relationships with foundations. Also included are a series of nine files (folders Forney to Wilson) bundled together as “proposals pending” which consist of materials sent to potential supporting foundations. The contents of these folders were identical and duplicates have been removed, consolidating the background information and accompanying letters into folder Foundation Proposals; 1975, leaving only the Stanita Foundation file intact as representative.

    The Special Rep program appears to have been a marketing or advancement program of the mission to cultivate potential donors and build a network of supporters. Among these files are information sheets on contacts filled out by the representatives.

    Also see folder 52-19, 20, correspondence and memos to and from Anthony, and folder 74-13 for a Finance Committee file in the Development series.

    Development Department

    Arrangement: Into four subseries: Administrative, Publications, Prayer letters (alphabetical within each), Photographs

    Date Range: 1950-1996

    Volume: 14.6 linear feet

    Boxes: 1, 3, 5-26, 72-76

    Notes: This division was formerly titled Communications and later Marketing, before being called Development. Included among the department’s files were prayer letter files, each corresponding to a missionary or family, providing an alternate path to the prayer letters rather than by chronology in the following series. Because these overlap the following series, these files have been set aside and not included in the collection. The files not included do not represent all OC missionaries and staff, but there is no indication why these and not other files appeared in this series. Also included are the contents of a notebook containing publications and public relations materials. Copies of Cablegram and Cable when identified as a duplicate have all been excluded due to their volume and for having been collected elsewhere in this collection. Therefore, the notebook contents retained to not reflect the entire notebook but only what was not identified to appear elsewhere in the collection.

    Development Department | Administrative

    Arrangement: Alphabetical, arranged by the archivist

    Date Range: 1954-1996

    Volume: 2.5 linear feet

    Boxes: 72-76

    Type of documents: Correspondence, memos and reports, articles, minutes, annual reports, budgets, presentation outlines and manuscripts, prayer letters, press releases, a production notebook, samples notebook (folders 76-11, 12, 13)

    Correspondents: Departmental Field directors, mission headquarters personnel

    Subjects: The promotion of the mission to the public and supporters

    Notes: This series consists of the records generated or gathered by the department, recording its operation, communication on behalf of the mission, coordinating the presentation of the mission to the public, providing information on the mission, and promotion of the mission to supporters, including promotional brochures (folder 72-12) and similar promotional tools (folder 74-19,20), annual conference program brochures (folder 72-13), candidates and recruiting (folder 72-14), financial planning and estate brochures (folder 72-15), Sports Ambassadors brochures (folder 72 16), a set of files related to the mission’s work in the various countries it worked in from which information could be extracted for use in mission materials, promotional and information materials created by or for the field teams, background material, the change of the mission’s name (folder 75-4), Luis Palau-related files (folders 75-8,9,10), sample prayer letters and a prayer letter manual (folder 75-12); tour promotions (folder 76-17), and tracts (folder 76-18) largely written by Hillis.

    Exceptional items: A valuable resource in this subseries are the minutes from the Administrative Leadership Team’s meetings (folders 72-7, 8). Also included is the statement of agreement between the US and Canadian boards at the time the Canadian division was made an autonomous organization (Outreach Canada) in 1984. A document outlining the department’s job descriptions, objectives, departmental organizational chart and fund raising plan (folder 72-20). Included is the mission’s 1982 revised constitution (folder 73-1). Also included is a 1975 on an earlier entity in the mission, Department of US Ministries (folder 74-4). Folder 74-6 contains the mission’s deputation manual. There are several files related to Dick Hillis (folders 74-15, 16, 17), Chuck Holsinger (folder 74-18). A 1979 leadership planning conference is documented in folder 74-21.

    Development Department | Publications

    Arrangement: Alphabetical by title

    Date Range: 1950-1982

    Volume: .8 linear feet

    Boxes: 1, 3, 76

    Type of documents: Publications for public circulation and internal mission publications

    Notes: Contained in this series are copies of printed material which OC used to communicate with its constituents and supporters, as well as with its mem¬bers within the organization. Among these are:

  • Cable: a full set is available in its various titles from 1950 to 1979 (folders 3-2 through 3-9)
  • Insidetrak (folder 76-1)
  • Intercom (folder 76-2)
  • Lost and Found (folder 76-3)
  • OC Family Directory (1986 staff directory in folder 76-4)
  • OC Family Update: an intra organizational newsletter (folders 3-14 and 75-15, 16, 76-5)
  • OC International Magazine (folder 76-6)
  • OC Teamwork (folder 76-7)
  • Overseas Crusades News (folder 76-8)
  • Partners in Prayer (folder 76-9)
  • Research and Strategy: Communique: a tool (in folder 3-17) designed to stimulate discussion within OC, produced out of the Research and Strategy division.
  • World Spotlight, which began in 1978 (folder 3-18)

    Several other examples are bulletins related to a particular country (Brazil in folders 1-49, France in folder 1-50, Greece in folder 1-51, Philippines in folder 1-54)) or ministry emphasis (Sports Ambassadors in folder 1-55), or announcing the mission’s name change (folder 1-52).
  • Development Department | Prayer letters

    Arrangement: Chronologically by month

    Date Range: 1963-1995

    Volume: 11.1 linear feet

    Boxes: 1, 5-26

    Type of documents: Prayer letters intended for distribution to prayer and financial supporters

    Notes: Contained in this series are prayer letters from most individual missionaries, appearing under several related titles, documenting developments within the mission, in the countries where OC was working, and in the lives of its staff. These span most of OC’s history, recording the activities of its missionary and executive administrative staff. How¬ever, these letters were produced through OC headquarters and were used for broad circulation and tended, therefore, to be general in nature. Newsletter photo files existed for prayer letters spanning 1964 to 1978 and these files produced the majority of the photographs described in the Photo File Location Record which follows. Many of the photos appearing there, sampled for retention in this collection, were reproduced in these prayer letters and are therefore the only remaining copy of those images. 1962 letters can be found in folder 3-2. A few prayer letters will also be found in box 1 arranged by person: Clyde Cook (folder 1-42), Dick Hillis (folder 1-43), Charles Holsinger (folder 1-44), Bud Schaeffer (folder 1-45), Paul Yaggy (folder 1-46), fund-raising (folder 1-47), and Larry Keyes’ appointment as president (folder 1-48).

    Audio Tapes

    Arrangement: Chronological

    Date Range: 1972-1982

    Volume: .5 linear feet (45 tapes)

    Subjects: Various mission-related themes, including strategy, missionary development, the pastoral role and apostolic function as applied in mission settings, culture shock, strategy for discipling and missions, Bible studies, reports on OC activity throughout the world

    Speakers: Hans Wilhelm, Luis Palau, Ed Murphy, Bill Lawrence, Paul Dekker, John Newman, Paul Landry, Bill McKee, Clyde Cook, Dick Hillis, Jim Montgomery, Larry Keyes, Bill Thomas, Murial Cook, Ben Siaki, Keith Brown, Luis Palau, Chuck Holsinger, Michael Kantartjis, Jeanie Curryer, Jim Kemp, Tine Hardeman, Paul Yaggy, Laurie Keyes

    Notes: Those recordings designated as Mt. Hermon were recorded during OC-hosted conferences at the California conference center.

    For more details about the contents of individual recordings, see the description by Audio Tapes in the "Collection Organization" section.


    Arrangement: Alphabetical by folder title

    Date Range: 1959-1978

    Volume: 2.5 linear feet

    Notes: The photographs in the collection are predominantly those used by the Development Division (or its preceding departments) in the production of individual’s or families’ prayer letters or official publications of the mission, giving a very extensive record of OC’s missionaries and administrators; it does not appear that Stateside office staff are consistently included. These are arranged by folders in alphabetical, almost entirely by personal name, and range from those relatively briefly with the mission to long-time workers. Included are duplicated prayer cards with a photograph produced to stimulate prayer and financial support for individuals and families. Other than the prayer cards, the vast majority of photos are candid shots. The photo files were sampled rather than included in their entirety, including primarily shots of the missionaries doing their work, with national workers, or their families. Shots of identified national workers were occasionally included. Shots excluded were those of unidentified nationals, group shots, children of missionaries and other relatives, and local scenery. The collection includes the vast majority of the prayer letters in which these shots were used, so those photographs not included can still be accessed through that form. Also among the are shots of non-OC figures well known in Evangelical and other circles, including Billy Graham, Chuck Colson, J. Edwin Orr, Ralph Covell, C. Peter Wagner, John MacArthur and others. Several unidentified slides and negatives which accompanied the prayer letter photo files were not retained.

    For the extensive listing of photo folders, see the description by Photographs in the "Collection Organization" section.


    Materials created or gathered by the staff of OC International and given to the Billy Graham Center Archives, 1982-2003.

    January 4, 1984

  • Accession 82-124
  • Paul Ericksen
  • Stefan Brandle
  • Galen Wilson
  • Jan Nasgowitz

    April 7, 2004, Updated
  • Accessions 91-71, 91-86, 96-82, 97-95, 03-23
  • Paul Ericksen
  • Jeff Dennison
  • J. Seefeldt
  • Todd Thompson
  • Creator

    Collection 222 Records of OC International
    Description rules
    Describing Archives: A Content Standard
    Language of description
    Script of description
    Roman Script
    Language of description note

    Repository Details

    Part of the Evangelism & Missions Archives Repository

    501 College Avenue
    Wheaton IL 60187 US