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Collection 192 Papers of Harold Lindsell

Identifier: CN 192

Scope and Contents

Collection contains correspondence, reports, meeting minutes, manuscripts, and other materials documenting the career and life of Harold Lindsell as a theologian, author, speaker and editor, dating primarily from his becoming Associate Editor of Christianity Today magazine in 1964. Collection contents contain considerable information on Christianity Today, Wheaton College, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, Westmont College, the Simon Greenleaf School of Law, and Lindsell's research on the inerrancy of Scripture.


  • 1938-1994


Conditions Governing Access:

The files of the Wheaton College Billy Graham Center Board listed below are closed to everyone for fifty (50) years from the date of the youngest document in the file, except for researchers with written permission from the President of Wheaton College: Folders 9-31, 9-32, 9-33, 10-1, 10-2, 10-4.

Biographical Information

Evangelical Protestant educator, theologian, writer, and editor; born on December 22, 1913; educated at Wheaton College, University of California, Berkley, and New York University; professor of missions and church history at Columbia Bible College, 1942-1944; professor at Northern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1944-1947; professor of missions at Fuller Theological Seminary, 1947-1964; Associate editor of Christianity Today, 1964-1967; professor of Bible at Wheaton College, 1967-1968; editor of Christianity Today, 1968-1978; authored numerous books, most notably The Battle for the Bible and The Bible in the Balance.

Full Name: Harold Lindsell

Birth: New York City on December 22, 1913

Death: January 15, 1998, after a long illness.


Parents: Leonard Anthony and Ella Briggs (Harris) Lindsell

Marital Status: Married Marion Joanne Bolinder on June 12, 1943. In 1982, Dr. and Mrs. Lindsell resided in Laguna Hills, California.

Children: Judith Ann (born 1944, married William C. Wood), Joanne Marjorie (born 1946, married 1. David Buffam, 2. Robert E. Webber), Nancy Jean (born 1949, married Daniel Lee Sharp), and John Harold (born 1952, married Stephanie Larson)

Conversion: 1925

Ordination: Through his own study, he concluded that his personal beliefs were most in keeping with the Baptist tradition, and he was ordained to the pastorate by the First Baptist Church (Southern Baptist Convention), Columbia, S.C., in 1944.


-- Grammar school and secondary education in the New York City public school system

1938    B.S., Wheaton College (summa cum laude)

1939    A.M., University of California, Berkeley

1942    Ph.D., New York University (some of his graduate work was dome at Harvard University)

1964    Doctor of Divinity from Fuller Theological Seminary


1942-1944      Professor of church history and missions at Columbia Bible College, Columbia, South Carolina, where he also served as registrar

1944-1947      Professor of church history at Northern Baptist Theological Seminary, Illinois

1947-1964      Professor of missions, Dean of the Faculty, and Vice President of Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California

1964-1967      Associate Editor of Christianity Today magazine

1967-1968      Professor of Bible, Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois

1968-1993      Member of the Board of Directors of Christianity Today, Inc.

1969-1978      Editor of Christianity Today magazine

1969-1988      Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary

1969-? Member of the Board of Trustees of Westmont College

After retiring as editor of Christianity Today, Lindsell continued to write and served as guest lecturer and speaker on numerous occasions

1983-1989      Professor of apologetics, Simon Greenleaf School of Law; director of the Master's program, 1984-1989

Other significant information:

Was raised in the Presbyterian Church; Lindsell served as director of the Baptist Faith and Message Fellowship, Inc., and was a member of several professional organizations, including the American Historical Association, American Society of Church History, American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, National Association of Evangelicals, and the Evangelical Theological Society. He was a trustee for Wheaton College, Westmont College, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, Luther Rice Seminary,Outreach, Inc., and Christianity Today;

He was a friend and advisor of Billy Graham's from almost the start of the latter's ministry. He served on the executive committee planning the 1974 International Congress on World Evangelization held in Lausanne, Swizerland.

His first book, a novel, Abundantly Above, was published in 1944. The years that followed saw the publication of nearly twenty books which he either authored, co-authored or edited. Included, among others, were A Christian Philosophy of Missions (1949, revised 1970); Park Street Prophet, a biography of Harold John Ockenga (1951); Missionary Principles and Practice (1955); Harper Study Bible (1963); Christianity and the Cults (1963); The World, the Flesh and the Devil (1973); The Battle for the Bible (1976) and its sequel The Bible in the Balance (1979); The Gathering Storm, concerning the second coming of Christ (1981); the Lindsell Study Bible (1981); Free Enterprise: A Judeo-Christian Defense (1982); The Holy Spirit in the Later Days (1983); and The New Paganism (1987). His book The Battle for the Bible, in which he defended Scriptural inerrancy against evangelicals whom he claimed were turning from a literal interpretation of the Bible, sparked considerable controversy in the evangelical community, and it was partially from this controversy that the sequel was written. Lindsell also authored numerous magazine and journal articles.


26.22 Cubic Feet (40 Boxes (10 RC, 30 DC), Audio Tapes, Filmstrip, Negatives, Oversize Material, Phonograph Records, Photographs, Slides)

Language of Materials


Arrangement of Material

[NOTE: In the Arrangement description, the notation "Folder 4-8" means Box 4, Folder 8.]

Series: Audio Recordings

Arrangement: No pattern to the actual numbering. The tapes are arranged chronologically on the Location Record, with undated tapes at the end.

Date Range: 1962-1991

Volume: 1.82 cubic feet

Geographic coverage: Mainly United States

Type of material: Audio tapes of sermons, speeches, meetings, debates, interviews

Subjects: Biblical interpretation, Fundamentalism, Evangelicalism, homiletics, biblical prophesy, Christian higher education, Kathryn Kuhlman, Christian doctrine

Notes: See the Audio Tapes Location Record for a brief description of each tape Exceptional items: Tapes #T99 through #T109 are a series recorded by healing evangelist Kathryn Kuhlman, at her Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania headquarters. The July 20, 1973, issue of CT published an "interview" with Miss Kuhlman; actually the magazine submitted forty-one questions to her and she taped her lengthy replies, although she omitted to comment on Questions 17, 18 and 24. The published "interview" contained only a small fraction of the material on the tapes. The questions were as follows:

T99 Q1. You increasingly represent the last hope of the seriously ill. Is this not an awesome as well as a thrilling responsibility?

Q2. You don't bother to answer critics and skeptics but would you grant that there are some Christians who have some honest, conscientious doubts about your ministry, and if so, do they deserve to know more about what you believe and how you operate than you normally state publicly?

Q3. Do you feel it fair to come under journalistic scrutiny from questioners who may not be entirely sympathetic with your ministry?

T100 Q4. Was Aimee Semple McPherson any specific model to you? Q5. How do you conceive your calling? How and when did you get it? Q6. In what church and denomination were you ordained? Q7. Are your books audited and your financial statements available? Q8. What is the purpose of your Foundation?

T101 Q9. How effective has your TV ministry been? What has been the response in numbers of letters? Q10. What is the role and place of speaking in tongues and what is its relationship to justification and sanctification? Is it a sign or the sign of the Spirit's control? Q11. Do you feel that you have the gift of healing? What gift do you have?

T102 Q12. How do you regard your relationship to the institutional church, and what role and importance do you personally assign to the institutional church? Q13. What do you think of the Jesus Movement--its strengths and weaknesses?

T103 Q14. How have you overcome the disreputable cloud regarding "faith-healers"? Has the self-confessed hypocrisy of Marjoe affected you or your ministry in any way? Q15. What is your definition of a miracle? How unusual does a phenomenon have to be to warrant that designation? Q16. What do you mean by "coming under the power"? What is the biblical criterion for such an experience?

T104 Q16. Continuation from previous tape. Q17. [None] Q18. [None] Q19. Do you find any hindrance to your work because you are a woman? Q20. Why are there not more women preachers? Q21. What do you think of "Women's Lib"? Q22. What kind of education do you advocate for young people today? Q23. What do you think of the current physical fitness kick--health spas, natural foods, dieting, and so forth? Q24. [None]

T105 Q25. How do you feel about abortion?

Q26. What was your purpose in seeing the Pope? What was said between you? Q27. What is your interpretation of James 5:14? Do you use oil? Do you regard yourself as an elder? Q28. How do you interpret Paul's and Peter's apparent injunction against women speaking, in I Timothy 2:11 and 12? Q29. Do you feel that all sick people should come to you?

T106 Q30. What is your comment to Christians who come to your meetings and go away without having been healed? Q31. Do you think that there is any correlation between your ministry of healing and such phenomena as ESP? Q32. Is there healing in the Atonement? Did Christ die to relieve us of out physical as well as spiritual infirmities? Do you keep tabs on the ratio of spiritual and physical healings? Can, or should, a believer have one without the other? Q33. What is your concept of illness? Q34. To what extent is individual health related to social or cosmic health? Does our social mindset have much to do with the physical health of individuals?

T107 Q35. What is the most common ailment that people come to you with? Is there illness or handicap that you would not have the faith to pray to correct? Q36. How much depends upon your faith and your praying for an individual? Can a person be filled with the Spirit and yet not have enough faith to be healed?

T108 Q37. Why do so few people have the gift of healing?

T109 Q38. To what extent are the healings you witness the result of the removal of a psychosomatic origin? Is anxiety the cause of most illnesses? Q39. How much knowledge do you have of medicine and therapeutic science? Q40. What do you regard as the ultimate goal of your ministry? Q41. How do you understand the apparent desire of Jesus and the disciples not to publish certain instances of healing?

Tapes #T93 and #T94 concern the 1967 Consultation of Christian Scholars (see also #T35 to #T38 in this collection, and CN 8, Records of CT, #T16 to #T22). Tapes #T95 and #T96 are a debate on "Situation Ethics: True or False?" held ca. 1969 at San Diego State College. Debating the affirmative was Joseph Fletcher, then at the University of Virginia Medical School; the negative was taken by John W. Montgomery, Chairman of the Church History Division at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Tape #T97 is the radio broadcasts of Billy James Hargis's Christian Crusade for September 13 and 14, 1968. The former is an address by Hargis on international communism's threat, especially in Africa; the latter is an open letter to Billy Graham and L. Nelson Bell "in defense of the truth" and in answer to a "Satanic attack" leveled against Hargis and Christian Crusade in the August 16, 1968 issue of CT. See CN 8, Records of CT, Folder 17-64, for correspondence concerning this affair. Tape #T98 is two addresses by Walter H. Judd, a Congregational missionary to China, 1926-38, and a Congressman from Minnesota, 1942-62. Both addresses concern American foreign policy, especially with respect to communism and China. Judd is introduced by a "Mr. Schwartz," most probably Fred Schwartz of the Christian Anti-Communism Crusade. Undated, the speeches were made prior to 1962, and probably in the late 1950's.


Series: Paper Records

Subseries: A. Originial Collection 192 B.Added Material

Arrangement: Chronological, alphabetical

Date Range: 1941-1994

Volume: 23.9 cubic feet

Boxes: 1-40

Notes: This collection consists of correspondence, research data and writings which document Lindsell's wide interests, starting primarily from the time of his appointment as Associate Editor for Christianity Today until 1994. The Lindsell papers in general contain rich commentary on a myriad of late-twentieth century evangelical interests, particularly concerning debates over Biblical inerrancy.

The bulk of the collection is in two series, created by the archivists. The first series consists of all the paper materials in the collection when it was first processed in 1981. The second series consists of all the materials added in 2006. Material in the second series is described much less intensively, in line with the Archives’ changing processing standards. There is a third series of audio materials.


Subseries: A. Original Collection 192

Arrangement: Alphabetical

Date Range: 1943-1981

Volume: 10.5 cubic feet

Boxes: 1-10

Geographic coverage: Primarily USA, but many materials from other countries

Type of materials: Correspondence, reports, minutes, newsletters

Subjects: Biblical inerrancy, American Protestantism, especially Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism, Billy Graham and the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, Christianity Today magazine, Wheaton College, Fuller Theological Seminary, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary

Notes: The following descriptive material for this series is taken from the original guide, which analyzed the material according to eight subject areas defined by the archivist:

1. Personal concerns There is only one folder (Folder 7-28) which is titled as Lindsell's personal life. The span of its time (1947-64) matches his tenure at Fuller Theological Seminary. It contains correspondence with financially floundering "Sacred Records" for whom Lindsell recorded several 16 r.p.m. phonograph educational discs (see phonographs #P1 through P11); material concerning Lindsell's move from Fuller to CT in 1964; and family matters; and correspondence with Fuller professor Gleason Archer (later a professor at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School), the Homer Rodeheaver Co., and author Russell T. Hitt (later editor of Eternity) who sought Lindsell to become the president of Bryan University in 1955. Two folders covering the Lindsell's travel experiences also include broader concerns: Folder 9-24, "Taiwan Trip, 1977" has information about religious freedom in Taiwan, and U.S. relations with mainland China and Taiwan, as well as Correspondence with Chinese for Christ, Inc., the World Anti-Communist League, Soochow University, and China Evangelical Seminary. A folder (Folder 5-14) concerning the Lindsell's trip to the Holy Land in 1975 includes correspondence with the American Mission to the Greeks.

Lindsell's career as a professor is briefly documented in a series of folders (Folders 4-16 to 4-21) concerning several courses which he taught at Fuller Theological Seminary. Tapes #T13 through T17 are class lectures delivered at Fuller and at Wheaton College. Speeches given by Lindsell (Folders 8-1 and 8-2) are on the topics of ecumenism, "The Suicide of Man," ICOWE at Lausanne, humanism, America, education, spiritual gifts, and a dedication at Bethel Theological Seminary in 1970. Also extant is an address entitled "Moving into the 70's with Christ" and another by Kenneth Kantzer (Lindsell's successor as editor of CT) on Roman Catholicism. See also the tape separation record in this guide for Lindsell speeches, sermons and addresses.

Lindsell as an author of books is the subject of several files. Folders 4-14, 4-34 and 6-7 contain publicity, promotional pieces, and reader reaction to the Harper Study Bible, published by Harper and Row in 1964, and reissued by Zondervan in 1977. The Lindsell Study Bible, in which Lindsell wrote notes and commentary to the Living Bible, was published by Tyndale in 1981; see Folders 8-4 through 8-14. This set of material is incomplete. These folders are apparently a remnant of what must have been a much larger file of documentation. Introductions are complete; outlines exist only for the Old Testament, Luke and John; cross references are minimal; the New Testament texts (photostated pages from the Living Bible cut up and interspersed with Lindsell's headings) are incomplete. As with the exception of Folder 8-4 (correspondence), the information is more readily found in a copy of the Lindsell Study Bible itself, this is not a serious flaw in the collection. Folders 4-36 and 4-37 contain a typescript of The Gathering Storm (published by Tyndale in 1981) plus notes and annotated articles used by Lindsell in research. Correspondence about, and two drafts of, A Christian in Defense of Free Enterprise are in Folders 2-14 and 2-15; this book was published under the title Socialism vs. Free Enterprise: Which? Research which Lindsell pursued on the subject of free enterprise is documented in Folders 4-31, 4-32 and 4-33. The typescript of an unpublished novel by Lindsell is in Folder 8-3. Folder 3-6 contains a manuscript by Lindsell on the topic of church growth and contemporary social problems; Folders 3-7 and 3-8 contain lectures which Lindsell delivered to the Institute of Church Growth in 1966. Discussion of Lindsell's books The Battle for the Bible and The Bible in The Balance follows below in this guide, pages 7 through 12.

Numerous published and unpublished article drafts are in Folders 7-22, 7-25 and 7-29. Some of the titles of these are:"The Suicide of Man", "Universalism Today", "A Historian Looks at Inerrancy", "The Importance of a Missionary-Minded Pastor", "Robert Browning and Religion", "Biblical Basis of Missions and Evangelism", "What Wheaton College Did for Me", "The Day that Changed My Life" (his decision to attend Wheaton), "What Constitutes a Missionary Call" (includes critique by Robert C. McQuilkin), "Evangelism for the Next Ten Years", "The Educated Christian", "A Christian Philosophy of Missions"

Other topics include the Consultation on Church Union, also known as the Church of Christ Uniting (COCU), religion in India, church growth, the World Council of Churches, Fuller Seminary and the history of missions. Extant published articles appeared in CT, Child Evangelism, Eternity, Moody Monthly, Southern Presbyterian Journal, and United Evangelical Action. Folder 7-29 includes an abridgement of Lindsell's Ph.D. dissertation, dated 1943. A series of ten lessons in Ephesians, prepared by Lindsell "for Dr. Graham" is in Folder 7-24. Folder 7-23 contains book reviews by Lindsell; Folder 9-13 has sheet music for two songs, text by Lindsell, music by H. Leland Green.

2. Inerrancy of Scripture One-quarter of the manuscripts in this collection is involved with Lindsell's research, study and authorship on the topic of inerrancy. A glance at the box-folder listing for Folders 1-8 through 2-6, and 6-10 through 7-13 reveals the breakdown of this material into secondary subjects. This research pursued by Lindsell culminated in publication of The Battle for the Bible, hereafter, Battle (1976; see typescript draft with manuscript annotations in Folder 1-11) and a sequel volume, The Bible in the Balance, hereafter, Balance (1979; see notes and draft sections in Folders 2-1 and 2-2, and typescripts in 2-5 and 2-6). Both books discussed what Lindsell saw as the growing move away from belief in an inerrant Scripture in the evangelical world, zeroing in particularly on the Southern Baptist Convention, Lutheran Church -- Missouri Synod and Fuller Theological Seminary. To a lesser extent, the Evangelical Covenant Church, the Christian Reformed Church and some parachurch groups (such as the Evangelical Theological Society, the National Association of Evangelicals and Young Life Institute) were also discussed. In addition, the personal beliefs concerning inerrancy as held by many leaders in the evangelical milieu were considered including, among others; Gleason L. Archer, professor at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School (Deerfield, Illinois); Dewey N. Beegle, professor at Wesley Theological Seminary (Washington, D.C.); G.C. Berkhouwer, professor at the Free University of Amsterdam; F.F. Bruce, theologian; James Daane, professor at Fuller Seminary and co-editor of The Reformed Journal; Donald Dayton, professor at North Park Seminary (Chicago); Lester DeKoster, editor of The Banner; Charles E. Fuller, noted evangelist and founder of Fuller Seminary; Daniel P. Fuller, Charles' son and a professor at the Seminary; Carl F. H. Henry, former editor of CT; David A. Hubbard, president of Fuller Seminary; Paul K. Jewett, professor at Fuller Seminary; Duke McCall, president of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (Louisville, Kentucky); Robert Mounce, former professor at Bethel College (St. Paul, Minnesota) and professor at Western Kentucky University; Dale Moody, professor at Southern Baptist Seminary; Clark Pinnock, professor at McMaster Divinity College (Hamilton, Ontario); Richard Quebedeaux, writer; Bernard Ramm, professor at Western Baptist Theological Seminary; Jack Rogers, professor at Fuller Theological Seminary; and Paul H. Seely.

Both books brought kudos and denunciations from many sectors, especially those churches, organizations and individuals mentioned above. Many of the folders on inerrancy contain a mixture of research notes, reader critiques and correspondence. Below is a capsule description of the contents of most of the folders concerning some aspect of inerrancy.

Folder 1-7. Inerrancy as championed by the Baptist Faith and Message Fellowship of which Lindsell was president. Includes correspondence with and copies of the Southern Baptist Journal, William Audrey Powell, Sr., editor. Folder 1-8. Lester DeKoster's debate on biblical inerrancy with Lindsell in Kalamazoo, 1977; correspondence revealing Christian Reformed Church opinion; correspondence with Edwin H. Palmer, executive secretary of the New International Version Scripture Translation Committee. See also #T3, Audio Tape Location Record.

Folder 1-9. Correspondence with Francis Schaeffer; letter from C. Rene Padilla explaining his political stance vis-a-vis Marxism; letter from Zondervan accepting publication of Battle.

Folder 1-10. Don Dayton's reviews of Battle; correspondence about a statement in the book to which the Covenant Church objected.

Folder 1-12. Reactions of Fuller Theological Seminary faculty to Battle, especially David Hubbard and Paul Jewett.

Folder 1-13. Includes a 1980 article by The Wittenburg Door and letters from: Hudson T. Armerding of Wheaton College, Dewey M. Beegle of Wesley Theological Seminary, Ralph A. Bohlmann of Concordia Seminary, James M. Boice of 10th Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, Robert K. DeVries of Zondervan Publishing House, Herbert Henry Ehrenstein, M. A. Henderson of Gideons International, Carl F. H. Henry of Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Roger A. Lier of Gordon-Conwell Divinity School, J. Robertson McQuilkin of Columbia Bible College, Stephen F. Olford of Encounter Ministries, Inc., William A. Powell of Southern Baptist Journal, Bernard Ramm of Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary, Richard H. Seume of Dallas Theological Seminary, G. Aitken Taylor of The Presbyterian Journal, Edwin R. Thiele of Andrews University (Berrian Springs, Michigan), J. Christy Wilson, Jr. of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, John Zens of Baptist Reformation Review, Thomas F. Zimmerman of the Assemblies of God, Pat J. Zondervan of Singspiration Music

Folder 1-14. Background notes for Southern Baptist Convention chapter of Battle; writings by William Edward Hull, Dean of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.

Folder 1-15. Young Life Institute's assessment of Battle. Folder 2-3. Correspondence with David Otis Fuller, of "Which Bible? Society" championing the KJV, and with Zondervan Publishing House.

Folder 2-4. 1964 letter from Charles E. Fuller regarding inerrancy; correspondence with Gordon Landreth (Evangelical Alliance), Gilbert W. Kirby (London Bible College), Paul Jewett and David Hubbard, all stating personal theological views; questions on the ethics of human sexuality.

Folder 4-5. Correspondence with Robert L. Hymers concerning the "Committee to promote Faith in the Bible"; First Annual Rally for the Bible, 1980; Second Annual Rally for the Bible, 1981; Correspondence with Carl F. H. Henry, C. Davis Weyerhauser, and the Wittenburg Door.

Folder 4-12. Correspondence from Mervin Stiles, an authority on Israelite history, who provided Lindsell with material on inerrancy.

Folders 6-3, 6-4. Billy Graham's review of Battle; correspondence regarding Battle, Balance and inerrancy.

Folder 6-10. Xeroxes of Anglican documents; notes.

Folder 6-11. Letter from Charles E. Fuller (1962) discussing inspiration; material regarding Evangelical Covenant Church, Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod; Fuller Seminary; Daniel Fuller and Clark Pinnock.

Folder 6-12. Correspondence with Harold J. Ockenga and W. Maxey Jarman, with critiques of Battle from each; correspondence from Don Dayton, Robert H. Mounce, Edwin Thiele, Mervin Stiles, Carl Henry, and many other readers of Battle.

Folder 6-13. Information about Immanuel Velikovsky; correspondence with Gleason Archer, Robert H. Mounce, David A. Hubbard, W. Maxey Jarman, and Francis Schaeffer.

Folder 6-14. Missouri Baptist Convention, Southern Baptist Convention, reader correspondence concerning Balance; Wheaton College guidelines for acceptable drama; correspondence regarding Billy Graham leaning favorably toward Charismatics and Catholics; W. Maxey Jarman, Church League of America. Includes copy of the 1980 Wittenburg Door issue featuring interviews with Lindsell and Fuller professor Jack Rogers.

Folder 6-15. Correspondence with Asbury faculty concerning inerrancy; photostats and copies of articles.

Folder 6-16. William Barclay's views on Christ's deity and universalism; others' views on the same.

Folder 6-17. All CT correspondence with Berkhouwer, 1956-72, original folder title: "Berkhouwer, G.C., Contributing Editor." Includes letters from a student, John M. Batteaux, calling Berkhouwer's views into question. (See also Folder 7-4.)

Folders 6-18, 6-19. Correspondence with Carl Lundquist, president of Bethel College and Theological Seminary, and with Millard Erickson, professor at Bethel Theological Seminary; Bethel Seminary's stance on inerrancy, especially Professor Clarence B. Bass.

Folder 6-20. Correspondence with several faculty and administration members, especially Daniel P. Fuller; correspondence about Fuller Seminary by outsiders; Wilbur M. Smith's resignation from the faculty, 1963; Lindsell letter, 1970, alluding to book he might write on inerrancy; correspondence with Wayne Grudem, Fuller student who transferred to Westminster in 1971 because of Fuller's inerrancy stance.

Folder 6-22. Lutheran reaction to Battle; split in Missouri Synod; correspondence from "Lutherans Concerned," a group for gay Lutherans.

Folder 6-23. Includes booklets by Martin E. Marty, professor history at the University of Chicago, and Paul G. Bretscher, Lutheran pastor; articles by Marcus R. Braun, Lutheran layman; and material on the Missouri Synod split.

Folder 6-25. C. S. Lewis' letter to Clyde Kilby on inspiration, 1959, quoted; correspondence from Harold Ockenga, Cyrus N. Nelson (Gospel Light Publications), Hudson Armerding, J. Robertson McQuilkin, Donald E. Anderson (editor, The Standard). Discussion of Bethel Seminary.

Folder 7-1. Pentecostal views on inerrancy were hardly touched upon in Battle, but were given attention in Balance.

Folder 7-4. Paul H. Seely's views on inerrancy as expressed by himself and by John M. Batteaux (see also Folder 6-17).

Folders 7-5, 7-6, 7-7. Correspondence with many Southern Baptist Convention pastors; election of Lindsell as SBC president, 1978; myriad of issues affecting SBC; inerrancy opinions of Dale Moody and Duke McCall (Southern Baptist Seminary, and of William M. Pinson, Jr. (president, Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary).

Folder 7-8. Correspondence with Edwin Thiele, a Biblical history scholar; inerrancy views of Thiele and Dewey Beegle. Also, correspondence from Mervin Stiles.

Folder 7-9. Includes United Presbyterian's views on inerrancy, ordination of women, and homosexuality.

Folder 7-10. Concerns a "Seminar on the Authority of Scripture" held at Gordon Seminary at Wenham, Mass., in 1966. Presided over by Harold J. Ockenga.

Folder 7-11. Fuller Seminary's inerrancy position. Correspondence with Weyerhauser, Chairman of the Board of Trustees.

Folders 7-12, 7-13 Correspondence concerning matters before the International Council on Biblical Inerrancy, founded in 1977, Jay Grimstead, and later James M. Boice, executive director.

Folder 7-14. Material concerning Paul Jewett's 1975 book, Man as Male and Female, which was discussed by Lindsell in both Battle and Balance.

Folder 8-15. Inerrancy research by a professor at Gordon-Conwell.

Folder 8-16. A pre-convention event for the 1970 meeting of the Southern Baptist Convention, "an exhaustive scrutiny of the Bible and its relationship to Southern Baptists."

Folder 9-15. National Association of Evangelicals' statement of faith regarding inerrancy; Hudson Armerding's review of Battle.

Folder 9-16. Typescript of elaborate syllabus by David A. Hubbard and Robert B. Laurin, of a course taught at Westmont College, undated. This syllabus was referred to in both Battle and Balance.

Folder 9-18. Correspondence regarding Richard Quebedeaux's inerrancy position and his book The Evangelicals Today.

The general topic of inerrancy and the inspiration of Scripture is covered in the following tapes (see Audio Tape Location Record in this guide for descriptions): #T3, T5, T9, T9, T11, T18, T19, T20, T21, T25, T69, T70, T71.

3. Christianity Today magazine From 1964 to 1978, Harold Lindsell was associate editor and later editor of CT magazine, except for one year, 1967-68, when he taught at Wheaton College. Lindsell was, however, involved with CT from its inception in 1956. Folders 6-2, 6-3 and 6-4 contain information about Billy Graham's role in the founding of the magazine and continued interest throughout the years. The series of folders from Folders 2-18 to 3-5 all concern CT; see box-folder list. Some of the subjects covered in these files are:

Folder 2-18. Ideas for articles/future issues; 1976 readership survey; prospective authors - list and editorial assessment of suitability for CT.

Folder 2-20. Search for editor to succeed Lindsell; letter from Michael Ford (student at Gordon-Conwell, and son of Gerald R. Ford) declining to be interviewed by CT.

Folder 2-23. Correspondence with Carl F. H. Henry (editor), Dave Kucharsky (associate editor), Wilbur Benedict (publisher), and L. Nelson Bell (co-founder), all of CT; Lindsell's appointment to the editorship; an article about CT in Carl McIntire's Christian Beacon.

Folder 2-24. Correspondence regarding editorials; Donald McGavran's critique of an editorial.

Folder 2-27. Correspondence regarding 1978 issues of CT; a submitted manuscript by John Lewis Gilmore, "George Whitefield, the Student."

Folder 2-28. Documentation about CT's London office, 1959-62.

Folder 2-30. CT finances; Billy Graham's 1977 Philippines Crusade; a Gallup Poll; proposal for a CT daughter publication, Christian Life, submitted to Billy Graham.

Folder 2-32. Appointment of Kenneth Kantzer as new editor in 1977; dossiers on other candidates. (See also Folder 7-16, concerning a course Kantzer taught at Wheaton College, ca. 1961, with outlines, syllabus, and notes taken by student William C. Wood, later Lindsell's son-in-law.)

Folder 2-34. A CT/Billy Graham Center co-sponsored pastor's conference, 1977, including correspondence with Gordon McDonald and other participants.

Folder 3-1. CT's decision to move from Washington, D.C. to Carol Stream, Illinois, with pros and cons discussed. Includes correspondence with Billy Graham on the topic.

Harold Lindsell's decision to leave the faculty of Fuller Seminary and accept associate editorship of CT is documented in Folders 2-22 and 7-27, which include correspondence with CT editor Carl F. H. Henry and co-editor Frank Gaebelein; Harold J. Ockenga; L. Nelson Bell; and Billy Graham. Correspondence also reveals Lindsell's increasing dissatisfaction at Fuller. Also documented are the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and the Sunday School Times magazine. Folder 3-18 includes Nelson Bell's opinion on Lindsell's brief Wheaton professorship, for which he left CT, 1967-68.

Many CT personnel files and files of correspondence with CT executives are in the Lindsell papers, including:

Folder 3-12. L. Nelson Bell, co-founder and executive editor. General correspondence about CT business, missions, Billy Graham's career. Includes Graham's 1958 letter assessing the 1957 New York City Crusade, and the concept of Christians separating themselves from the world.

Folder 3-13. James Montgomery Boice, editorial assistant and assistant editor. Correspondence covering from his first meeting with Carl Henry in 1961 until he became a full-time staff member in 1967, including his summertime employment by CT and graduate study at the University of Basel, Switzerland.

Folder 3-16. Frank E. Farrell, editorial associate and assistant editor. All correspondence between Farrell and Carl Henry 1956-66. Farrell left CT to become editor of Regal Books, Gospel Light Publishing.

Folder 3-19. Frank E. Gaebelein, co-editor. Correspondence with Carl Henry while headmaster at Stony Brook School, Long Island, and inter-office memos after joining CT. Includes correspondence with the Christian Freedom Foundation, unhappy with a Gaebelein editorial; an excellent letter from L. Nelson Bell concerning the church and race problems in Selma, Alabama, in 1965; and correspondence about a Christianity Today story on Ku Klux Klan activities in the South, 1965.

Folder 4-4. Carl F. H. Henry, editor. Letters regarding Lindsell's coming to CT in 1964; many inter-office memos reflecting a myriad of evangelical concerns.

Folder 4-6. J. Marcellus Kik, associate editor. Correspondence with Carl Henry and L. Nelson Bell; much material on the early days of CT - especially choice of building site and putting together a staff.

Folder 4-7. David Kucharsky, news editor, associate editor, managing editor, senior editor. Information about Billy Graham's 1963 Southern California Crusade, Claremont College's attempt to institute a doctoral program, and an alleged marriage of President John F. Kennedy prior to his 1953 wedding to Jacqueline Bouvier.

Folder 2-26. "Gene Kucharsky." Dave Kucharsky's full name was David Eugene Kucharsky. It is not clear why he was known as Dave in one file and Gene in another.

Folder 2-31. Harold Myra, publisher. CT finances; also a paper by Myra entitled, A Theology of Sexual Pleasure.

Folder 4-8. Harold J. Ockenga, board member. CT finances; relations with BGEA.

Folder 2-35. Edward E. Plowman, assistant editor, news editor. Personnel file which includes the text of Norman Vincent Peale's 1970(?) speech about the founding of Guideposts magazine. See also Folder 9-27, regarding the Washington and World Religion Report, of which Plowman was editor-publisher.

Folder 3-3. Don Tinder, assistant editor, book editor, associate editor. Personnel file, including correspondence with California evangelist Robert H. Schuller.

4. Educational Institutions Harold Lindsell served on several boards of trustees of colleges and seminaries. Folder 2-9 is an eclectic set of board member lists of these schools (Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, Luther Rice Seminary, Westmont College, and Wheaton College) plus lists for CT and the BGEA. Lindsell's association with the BGEA is documented also in Folders 6-2 through 6-5 and tapes #T26 through #T33; his interest in the Billy Graham Center at Wheaton College is shown in Folder 2-7 and #T10.

Folders on Wheaton College are inclusive for 1977 to 1981 (Folders 9-29 through 10-4). The general topics discussed in the material are: Academic Affairs Committee, curriculum (particularly creationism in the physical science departments), faculty appointment, art department, finance, Chrouser Fitness Center, Billy Graham Center, divorcees among faculty, and standards of theological belief and opinion. Many promotional brochures and copies of "Tower Dialogue: Faculty Forum and News" are also available.

Luther Rice Seminary (in Jacksonville, Florida) documentation covers 1973 to 1981 (Folder 9-21). It includes correspondence with president Robert Witty, a doctrinal statement, and much general information about the Seminary which was founded in 1962. There is a small file on Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California (9-28); see also #T74 and #T75.

Lindsell was a board member of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (Folders 5-1 through 5-13). In this material is correspondence with Allan C. Emery (president of the Board), Walter Martin and Leighton Ford (Board members), Harold J. Ockenga (president; see also Folder 4-8), W. Nigel Kerr (dean), Lloyd A. Kalland (executive vice-president), Robert J. Lamont (chairman, search committee for new president), and Addison H. Leitch (faculty member). Topics of correspondence, reports, and other materials are: Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary's statement of faith, especially concerning the infallibility of Scripture; audits; criticisms of the New Testament department; Ockenga's retirement and the search for a new president resulting in Robert Cooley's election (including a telegram asking Billy Graham to accept the post); designs for a Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary medallion; and the promotions of faculty members Stephen C. Mott and Deane A. Kemper (see also #T10). Folders 5-3 and 5-4 include information on William C. Bronson, a Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary graduate and a candidate for public office in Massachusetts, whose political stance was becoming an embarrassment to his alma mater. Folder 5-11 contains a 1974 letter by a CT Board member concerning Billy Graham's involvement with Richard M. Nixon. Folder 3-18 includes a 1960 refusal of Lindsell to take a position at the then Gordon Seminary and his letter of the same year urging Ockenga to accept Gordon's presidency.

Lindsell's seventeen-year association with Fuller Theological Seminary is not well documented in this collection of his papers. Most of the information on Fuller in this collection is dated from after he left Fuller. Exceptions to this are Lindsell's letter of resignation at Northern Baptist Theological Seminary in 1947 when he accepted a position at Fuller (Folder 4-34), correspondence with Charles E. Fuller (Folder 3-17), a tape of a class lecture given at Fuller in 1962 (#T13), and correspondence with faculty member Wilbur M. Smith in 1949 discussing Charles E. Fuller's biography project, and the citation regarding Lindsell's award of a D.D. degree from Fuller in 1964 (both in Folder 3-18). Folder 4-34 is unique among the files in the collection, the correspondence being perfectly arranged alphabetically by Lindsell himself. This file includes Lindsell's letter of resignation to David A. Hubbard in 1964. Correspondents include: Ray S. Anderson (discusses CT relations with Fuller); Gleason L. Archer (professor at Fuller, and later at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School); F. Carlton Booth (Fuller faculty); Edward John Carnell (faculty, see also Folders 9-2 and 9-5 regarding his death in 1967); Richard Curley (discussing CT and Lindsell's relations with Fuller); David A. Hubbard (president); Harold J. Ockenga (former president, discussing student unrest at Fuller and Fuller's view of inerrancy, see also Folder 4-8); Harold L. Proppe (pastor emeritus, 1st Baptist Church, Hollywood, regarding inerrancy issue at Fuller and CT), and Wilbur M. Smith (professor emeritus, see also Folder 4-29).

5. Correspondents The Lindsell papers are replete with correspondence with many leaders in the evangelical milieu. Some of this material is filed under the name of the correspondent; most of these files have been discussed above in section 3, CT records. Other correspondents include:

Folder 3-14. Garth Bolinder, Mrs. Lindsell's nephew, and pastor of the Evangelical Covenant Church, Woodstock, Connecticut.

Folder 3-15. V. Raymond Edman, president of Wheaton College. Material on the "Wheaton Code," possibility of a Christian socialist on the faculty, evolution, and Baptist evangelist John R. Rice's attacks on faculty member Merrill Tenney.

Folder 3-17. Charles E. Fuller, president, Fuller Theological Seminary. Discusses theology and doctrine as taught at Fuller, and the Old Fashioned Revival Hour. Also, correspondence with his wife, Grace Fuller.

Folder 5-15. Bill Gothard, director, Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts, concerns criticisms leveled by a former board member.

Folders 6-1 through 6-6. Billy Graham. Articles about Graham, BGEA finances, and Graham's relations with Richard Nixon; texts of Graham's messages delivered in his 1978 Poland tour; correspondence from his days as president of Northwestern Bible College concerning William Bell Riley's death; his relations with CT; crusades in New York 1957, San Francisco 1958, Nashville 1979, and Japan 1980; BGEA troubles with Campus Crusade; black evangelicalism; Graham books Angels: God's Secret Agent and Till Armageddon; Marshall Frady's unflattering book about Graham; his 60th birthday celebration; thoughts on world politics; health; reflections on the Lausanne Continuing Committee meeting at Pattaya, Thailand, 1980; and Harold Lindsell's opinions of Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan.

Folder 4-5. Robert L. Hymers, pastor, Open Door Community Churches, Los Angeles. Correspondence with Robert L. Hymers concerning the "Committee to promote Faith in the Bible"; First Annual Rally for the Bible, 1980; Second Annual Rally for the Bible, 1981; Correspondence with Carl F. H. Henry, C. Davis Weyerhauser, and the Wittenburg Door.

Folder 4-8. Harold John Ockenga, president, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. Fuller Seminary business; Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary business; CT relations with the BGEA especially concerning finances; retirement.

Folder 4-11. J. Howard Pew, chairman of the board, Sun Oil Company. Correspondence regarding inerrancy, liberalism in the Presbyterian Church, and Lindsell's article in CT, "Where Are the Evangelicals?", 1964.

The General Correspondence files (1978-81) are here roughly indexed with correspondents and topics of discussion listed together. All of these files contain significant information about inerrancy, the Battle for the Bible, and The Bible in the Balance.

Folder 3-20. Christian Action Council (anti-abortion); P.R.A.Y. (Prayer Rights and You) re: school prayer; W. Maxey Jarman; Christian Bible Society; Edith Schaeffer Folder 3-21. Fuller Alliance of Gay Students (FAGS); Bethel College; CT; Chinese Christians in Taiwan opposing U.S. relations with the People's Republic of China; U.S. Department of State correspondence re: the China question; Columbia Bible College; Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; Harold J. Ockenga; Lawrence S. Rockefeller

Folder 3-22. Arthur S. DeMoss; Deane Kemper and Stephen C. Mott's promotions at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; Which Bible? Society, Inc.; Southern Baptist Theological Seminary; Dale Moody, letters concerning The Bible in the Balance; R. Elton Johnson, fired from William Jewell College in a theological dispute; American Tract Society; James C. Hefley, author; International Christian Network, Peter Beyerhaus, director; Southern Baptist Convention, Adrian Rogers, president; Baptist Bible College and School of Theology (Clark's Summit, PA); Inerrancy as held by Wheaton College

Folder 3-23. Baptist Bible College and School of Theology; Deane Kemper and Stephen C. Mott; Family Bible Library, Ted W. Armstrong, editor; Wheaton College; R. Elton Johnson; Association of Evangelicals of Africa and Madagascar; Stephen Neill, Anglican Bishop, Oxford; Sabbath observance; Open Door Community Church ministry to homosexuals (Robert L. Hymers, pastor); Gleason L. Archer, Jr.

Folder 3-24. Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary's presidential search; Wheaton College's anthropology department; James O. Buswell III; Lindsell interview by Wittenburg Door; Ordination of Lindsell's son-in-law Daniel Lee Sharp; Thomas Nelson, publishers; Southern Baptist Convention, Adrian Rogers, president; Committee to Promote Faith in the Bible (Robert L. Hymers, chairman); International School of Theology (San Bernardino, CA); Don Dayton, Northern Baptist Theological Seminary (Lombard, IL)

Folder 3-25. Allan Emery, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary board chairman; Wycliffe Bible Translators; Christian College of South Africa; Wheaton College board member Richard G. Gieser's displeasure with a growing "liberal philosophy"; "Washington for Jesus", prayer vigil in Washington, D.C., April 29, 1980, Bill Bright and Pat Robertson, chairmen; Clark H. Pinnock, McMaster Divinity College (Hamilton, Ontario); Billy Graham Center Archives; Vonette Bright, American Festival of Evangelism; Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; Christian Action Council; Which Bible? Society, Inc.; Christian Life magazine; Southern Baptist Convention; Lindsell's contribution to Thomas Nelson, Publishers' Encyclopedia of Religion. Folder 3-26. Clyde W. Taylor; Christian Action Council; Abortion issue; Fasting; Stephen C. Mott and Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; Southern Baptist Advocate; Warren Webster (Conservative Baptist Foreign Mission Society); Church League of America; Christian Bible Society; America's Future, Inc.; Luther Rice Seminary; Criswell Study Bible; Ralph L. Hymers; Lindsell on the Bible's view of sexuality; David W. Baker, CT board member, resigns; Billy Graham Center Archives; Wheaton College art department; World Relief; Zionism; W. Maxey Jarman's death, September 9, 1980; Elisabeth Elliot; Thomas Nelson Publishers' update on the King James Bible

Folder 3-27. The Gathering Storm; Robert L. Hymers; Here's Life Publishers, Inc.; Evangelical Theological Society; The Book of Life; Maxey Jarman's death; Jerry Hopkins, University of Kentucky; Bruce Bare, correspondent to Billy Graham; Southern Baptists for Bible Translation, Worth C. Grant, president; Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary alcohol policy; Thirty-second Annual Christian Worker's Conference, Italy; George W. Murray, local arrangements chairman; Westmont College; Wheaton College; controversial chapel address by Don Lake; Clark Pinnock's writings; Christian Bible Society; Billy Graham recommended for an honorary degree from Harvard University; Lindsell Study Bible; Ruth B. Graham; International Council on Biblical Inerrancy; Clyde W. Kilby; World Evangelical Fellowship, Waldron Scott, director; CT, Kenneth Kantzer, editor

Folder 4-1. Dallas Theological Seminary; Kenneth Kantzer; Chet Bitterman, slain missionary; Carl Henry's article on Lindsell in CT; John R. Rice; Kenneth N. Taylor, of Living Bibles International, re translation of the Arabic Living New Testament; Thomas Nelson Publishers; Robert Webber, book proposal on the Moral Majority; Invitation to the Reagan inauguration; Desexing the Bible; Bill Bright; Billy Graham's visit with the Pope; Ralph Winter, U.S. Center for World Missions; CT articles about Bill Gothard; Robertson McQuilkin, president, Columbia Bible College; Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary alcohol policy

Folder 4-2. Chicago Call (1977); Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary; Bill Bright; A. Jack Dain, Anglican clergyman; Billy Walker Evangelistic Association; Wheaton College; art department; Desexing the Bible; International Council on Biblical Inerrancy; Lindsell's advice to a young man entering the ministry; Correspondence to Billy Graham

6. Organizations In his position of leadership in the evangelical community, Harold Lindsell corresponded with a large number of Christian organizations. Some of these have been seen above in general correspondence. Information on the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association can be found in Folders 2-7, 2-8, 2-9, 3-12, 4-7, 4-8 and 6-1 through 6-6. Other organizations' correspondence and publications were filed together in separate folders, including:

Folder 1-5. America's Future, Inc. contains issues of the fortnightly magazine, America's Future, published at New Rochelle, New York, by R. K. Scott. Anti-communist, conservative outlook. Folder 1-7. Baptist Faith and Message Fellowship. Conservative voice in the Southern Baptist Convention. See above.

Folder 2-11. Campus Crusade for Christ. Includes study guide for the "Way of Life Discipleship: Agape Group" sessions. See also #T66, #T67 & #T68.

Folder 2-12. Christian Action Council. Anti-abortion. Lindsell was a "sponsor" according to the Council's stationery masthead.

Folder 2-13. Christian Anti-Communism Crusade. Correspondence 1961-1962; fairly complete run of bimonthly magazine by the same name, 1977-1980. Fred Schwartz, editor, Long Beach, California.

Folder 2-16. Christian Leadership Training Center. Involved in discipling. Includes curriculum and forms used by the Center.

Folder 2-17. Christian Stewardship Assistance, Inc. Financial management advice for Christian organizations, Douglas H. Kiesewetter, president. Correspondence with George Wilson of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association; with Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and with Harold Lindsell.

Folder 3-9. Church League of America. Mainly printed matter from the League, headquartered in Wheaton, Illinois. Includes monographs, "The Marxist Invasion of the Latin American Churches" and "Headquarters for Destruction: The Behind-the-Scenes Story of the Diabolical North American Congress on Latin America," both published in 1972. Conservative, anti-communist vantage point. See also separation records for periodicals in this guide.

Folder 4-22. Daystar. Described by its own publications as follows: "Using contemporary skills in research combined with extensive experience, Daystar studies church and mission activities. Effective ministries as well as problem areas are identified. Daystar them works with the groups concerned to develop a new strategy for evangelism and church-building that more effectively uses all available resources." Correspondence and research data.

Folder 4-23. Development Assistant Services. Small file on this organization self-described as "serving missionary agencies in developing nations."

Folder 9-17. Outreach, Inc. Founded in 1966 with the "evangelization of the World" as its purpose, via radio, tape, literature, and film distribution. File includes some correspondence and board meeting reports.

Folder 9-19. Religious News Service. Covers religious, especially Christian, events. Folder contains only copies of RNS bulletins; similar bulletins are scattered throughout the entire collection, filed by subject content.

Folder 9-22. Share, Inc. Associated with Nashville Publishing House. Includes correspondence with president Jim Calder and correspondence about V. Gilbert Beers' ten-volume Family Bible Library.

Folder 9-25. Underground Evangelism, also known as Christian East Mission. Correspondence details accusation of fraud leveled against founder and president L. Joe Bass, and CT's attempt to do a story on it, 1979.

Folder 9-26. U.S. Center for World Missions. Ralph D. Winter, director. Folder is wholly publications and form letters; includes material on the "World Consultation on Frontier Missions," October 27-November 1, 1980, in Edinburgh, Scotland. See also separation records for posters, in this guide.

Folder 9-27. Washington and World Religion Report. Periodical, Edward E. Plowman (formerly of CT), editor-publisher. Concerns 1980 presidential election and the religious issues involved in the campaigns.

Folder 10-16. World Home Bible League. Correspondence and drafts for evangelism course proposals, also concerning Project Philip, International, directed by John DeVries.

7. Conferences, Consultations and Other Events Events such as the annual Rallies for the Bible (see above, page 9 and tapes #T9, #T20 and #T21) and the Affirming the Bible Conference (see above, page 12) have been discussed. Other events documented in this collection include:

Folders 1-2, 1-3, 1-4. American Festival of Evangelism, Kansas City, 1981. The vision of the Festival was "to train 15-20,000 preaching ministers and other key leaders from 150 church bodies to spearhead evangelism in the U.S. during this decade." Includes much planning documentation, and correspondence with Vonette Bright and Leighton Ford (both of the National Planning Committee), C. Bill Hogue (Chairman, Program Committee), and Paul Benjamin (Executive Coordinator). Leighton Ford's paper, "Why a Festival of Evangelism?" is also extant. Harold Lindsell led a workshop on the Holy Spirit at the Festival.

Folder 3-11. Consultation on Theology and Mission, Second, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 1979. Includes texts of addresses by evangelical mission figures Waldron Scott (World Evangelical Fellowship), Warren W. Webster (Conservative Baptist Foreign Missions Society), Clyde W. Taylor (NAE), Wesley L. Duewel (OMS), Melvin J. Loewen (World Bank), John F. Robinson (Medical Assistance Program), P. Jim Pietsch (TEAM), Eldon J. Howard (Sudan Interior Mission), Ralph Covell (Conservative Baptist Theological Seminary), and Paul G. Hiebert (Fuller Theological Seminary). Lindsell's address was on "Evangelicals and the 1980's." Other topics concerned contextualization, world economics, totalitarian governments, and unity among missions.

Folder 4-35. Future Evangelical Concerns Conferences, 1977 and 1978. Minimal documentation. Includes literature on the Billy Graham Center.

Folder 5-16. Grace Bible Conference, 1981. Contains only a handbook/workbook prepared for conference participants.

Folder 7-19. Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization - Pattaya Meeting, 1980. Includes correspondence with LCWE executives Gottfried Osei-Mensah and Stan Izon, newsletters, drafts of papers and other printed material. Lindsell's manuscript notes appear on many of the above sheets.

Folder 10-8. The Consultation on the Church in a Secular World was held at Elburn, Illinois, in 1967, under the sponsorship of the NAE's Theology Commission. This file contains a small amount of correspondence about the Consultation and some notes taken at the event were authored by Edmund P. Clowney (President, Westminster Theological Seminary); Ray C. Stedman (pastor, Peninsula Bible Church, Palo Alto, California); Francis D. Breish, Jr. (Pastor, Bethel Orthodox Presbyterian Church, Wheaton, Illinois); and David O. Moberg (Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota). The Text of Lindsell's paper, evaluating church-state relations in the United States, is also present.

Folders 10-9 thru 10-12. World Council of Churches 4th General Assembly, Uppsala, Sweden, 1968. Press releases, sermon and speech texts, news sheets, reports, biographical sketches of participants, and resolutions. Some of the pages have Lindsell's notes in margins and on back. Topics covered Jewish evangelism, ecumenism, Protestant relations with the Roman Catholic Church, Pentecostalism, world poverty, the Vietnam war, discrimination against women, racism, and mass communication and the church. There is a good deal of material concerning the WCC's "Faith and Order Assembly Committee." Lindsell attended this assembly as the representative of CT magazine.

8. Subject Files Subject and topical files include materials which Lindsell consulted in his research, as well as information that was gathered perhaps simply for its own sake. Some of these files are labeled "miscellaneous." Communism and socialism are such topics. Folder 3-10 contains notes and articles on communism which apparently were used by Lindsell for courses he taught at Fuller Seminary, correspondence with Arthur F. Glasser, China Inland Mission Home Director for North America (later professor at Fuller and editor of Evangelical Missions Quarterly), and general information about communism. It also includes material on Operation Abolition, a film released in the 1950's by the House Committee on Un-American Activities. Folder 9-23 contains information on socialism. See also Folder 1-5 and the separation record for periodicals for anti-communist publications.

Evolution vs. Creationism is the topic of Folders 4-28 and 4-38, which contain published and unpublished articles and pamphlets on the Creation and the Flood, including writings by conservative theologian J.G. Vos. The Equal Rights Amendment is documented from the conservative vantage point in Folder 4-25, which contains copies of "The Phyllis Schlafly Report," campaigning against ERA. Contemporary feminism in light of Scripture is discussed in this folder's correspondence. Folder 4-29 is material relating to two Festschrift volumes (a series of scholarly articles in a field of study, collected and published in honor of a scholar in that field), one for Wilbur M. Smith at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, and the other for Everett Harrison at Fuller Theological Seminary. The text of the chapter written by Lindsell for the Smith "Festschrift" is available in the folder.

Missions is the subject of Folder 9-12, including articles by Presbyterian mission executive Robert E. Speer, and information about Assembly of God missions, Missionary Dental Training Institute, and the United Christian Missionary Society. Folder 7-20 contains the "Willowbank Report" of the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization concerning contextualization of the Gospel in foreign missions. Mission work in the Far East is documented visually for Korea (Folder 7-17; see also slides #S1 through S55) and audibly and visually for Taiwan (Folder 9-24; slides #S56 through S103; filmstrip #FS1). Lindsell's articles on Burma missionaries Adoniram Judson (1788-1850), George Dana Boardman (1801-31), and Sara Hall Boardman Judson, who was wife to each in succession, are in Folder 7-15.

Folder 1-6 contains a miscellaneous collection of articles on the subjects of: fundamentalism, communism, missions, inerrancy, and Billy Graham's 1962 Chicago Crusade. There is an exegesis of Matthew's Gospel, articles about Harold Lindsell and Charles Fuller, and articles about the "born again" issue involved in the 1976 Presidential election. Three major pieces of scholarly research are in typescript: Christopher Cagan's Why Christians Become Liberal (Talbot Theological Seminary Dissertation, 1981), Folder 2-10; Ralph L. Foster's The Amazing Antediluvians: Evidence of the Bible's Inspiration (personal research, 1971), Folder 4-30; and Noel Hollyfield's A Sociological Analysis of the Degrees of "Christian Orthodoxy" Among Selected Students in the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (Southern Baptist Theological Seminary master's thesis, 1976), Folder 6-8.

Folder 9-1 is a miscellany of material which was unfoldered in the accession and gathered together here by the processor. It contains unrelated bits and pieces concerning Sudan Interior Mission, Overseas Missionary Fellowship, Inter-Varsity, Conference on Faith and History, and the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability. There is also a "laugh kit" prepared by Japan missionary Phil Foxwell, and a commemorative pamphlet regarding Queen Elizabeth's 1963 visit to Australia. Folder 9-2 was, in the unprocessed accession, labeled as "Miscellaneous"; it contains information on Biblical inerrancy and higher criticism, Lindsell's Holy Land visit in 1967, C. I. Scoffield's divorce and remarriage, the Roman Catholic Church, and the death of Fuller professor Edward Carnell.

Folders 9-3 through 9-11 are a miscellany filed alphabetically and include:

Folder 9-3. Plans for a Study Bible (not the Lindsell Study Bible).

Folder 9-4. Correspondence with Bethel Theological Seminary regarding inerrancy, and with Bryan College.

Folder 9-5. Correspondence with Edward J. Carnell, Christian Bible Society, Mark Coppenger regarding dissension in the Southern Baptist Convention, and V. R. Christensen regarding Geoffrey Paxton's theology.

Folder 9-6. Articles by James Daane (Fuller Seminary) and Charles W. Dunn (Clemson University) on Arminianism and Biblical inerrancy, respectively; Edward R. Dayton's vita.

Folder 9-7. Information about International Christian Graduate University (San Bernardino, California), humanism, and homosexuality (writings by Ralph Blair, director of pro-gay Evangelicals Concerned).

Folder 9-8. Topics: population, overpopulation, world hunger, and capital punishment.

Folder 9-9. Correspondence with T. A. Raedeke of the World Home Bible league; article about great-nephew of evangelist Paul Rader, Dotson Rader, writer of an uncomplimentary novel about evangelism. Folder 9-10. Correspondence with Edith Schaeffer, John R.W. Stott, and Worth C. Grant (President, Southern Baptists for Bible Translation); articles regarding Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., and evangelist-turned-agnostic Charles Templeton.

Folder 9-11. Information on the World Council of Churches; text of a Wheaton College chapel address by Robert Webber, 1969.


Subseries: B. Added Material

Subsubseries: A. General Correspondence; B. Subject Correspondence; C. Lectures and Sermons

Date Range: 1941-1994

Volume: 13.4 cubic feet Boxes: 11-40 Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, minutes, sermon and lecture notes

Subjects: Theological debates between conservative and liberal Protestants in the United States, particularly over biblical inerrancy; American Evangelical Protestantism; Christian higher education in the United States

Notes: The materials in this series were added to the collection in 2006. Their contents parallel those in Series I for a later time period.


Subseries: B1, General Correspondence

Arrangement: Chronologically by year. Within each folder, the materials are in a very, very rough order by date, but materials from March, for example, might appear with letters from May and October. This reflects the order in which the materials were received.

Date Range: 1979-1994 Volume: 7 cubic feet Boxes: 11-24

Geographic coverage: United States, Australia, Israel

Type of documents: Correspondence, manuscripts, newsletters, reports, minutes of meetings, newspaper and magazine clippings

Correspondents: The following list is intended to list some of the more frequent correspondents for each year and serve as a general guide. It is not exhaustive and the fact that someone is not mentioned does not mean that there no letters from that individual or organization that year. 1978 - Richard Quebedeaux 1979 - Robert Sanford, Maxey Jarman 1980 - Christian Action Council 1981 - American Festival of Evangelism, Allan Emery, Calvin Chao, Christian Action Council Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, C. B, Hogue, Institute for Christian Studies, Gottfried Osei-Mensah, Outreach Inc. 1982 - Allan Emery, Coalition for Religious Liberty, Council on Biblical Inerrancy, Carl Henry, Frontier Fellowship, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, D. James Kennedy, National Association of Evangelicals, Moishe Rosen, Southern Baptist Convention, Ken N. Taylor, Tyndale House Foundation, David F. Wells, Westmont College, J. Christy Wilson, Ralph Winter 1983 - Peter Beyerhaus, Bill Bright, Calvin Chao, Robert Cooley, Robert Devries, Evangelical Theological Society, Leighton Ford, the Fundamentalist Army, Louis Goldberg, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, Dave Howard, R. L. Hymers, International School of Theology, Living Bible International, Gordon Loux, Gordon McDonald, Donald McGavran, John Warwick Montgomery, Outreach, Inc., Floyd Robertson, Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Southern Baptist Convention, Kenneth G. Stevenson, Kenneth Taylor, Tyndale Publishers, U. S. Center for World Mission, Harold Voanbroekhoven, John Walvoord, Westmont College, J. Christy Wilson, David K. Winter, Zondervan Publishers 1984 - Bill Bright, Vonnette Bright, Allan Emery, Leighton Ford, Fuller Theological Seminary, David Howard, R. L. Hymers, International Council on Biblical Inerrancy, William Sanford Lasor, Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, Living Bibles International, Gordon MacDonald, Outreach Inc., Renewal Ministries, Kenneth N. Taylor, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Paul Toms, Ken Wessner, Mike Yaconelli 1985 - Calvin Chao, Coalition on Revival, Leighton Ford, Fundamentalist Baptist Tabernacle, Paul Henry, Dave Howard, International Council on Biblical Inerrancy, Arthur Johnston, Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Tyndale Publishing 1986 - Peter Beyerhaus, Calvin Chao, Congress on the Bible II, Allan Emery, Fundamentalist Bible Tabernacle, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, David Hubbard, International Council on Biblical Inerrancy, Arthur Johnston, Christopher Lyons, Dewey and Edith Mulholland (Brasilia Baptist Seminary) Outreach Inc., Garth Rosell, Moishe Rosen, Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Paul Toms, U.S. Center for World Mission 1987 - Andrew Presbyterian Church of Newport Beach, California, Clayton Bell, Congress of the Bible, Gabriel Fackre, Leighton Ford, Carl Henry, International Council on Biblical Inerrancy, Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, Donald McGavran, Gordon MacDonald, George Marsden, John Warwick Montgomery, Dewey and Edith Mulholland (Brasilia Baptist Seminary), Outreach Inc., Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Southern Baptist Convention, Paul Toms 1988 - Coalition on Revival, C. B. Hogue, Fundamentalist Baptist Temple, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, Mark Hatfield, Carl Henry, International Council on Biblical Inerrancy, Jews for Jesus, Chris Lyons, William Martin, Dewey and Edith Mulholland (Brasilia Baptist Seminary), Ray and Anne Ortlund, Outreach Inc., Paul Pressler, Prison Fellowship, Moishe Rosen, Saddleback Memorial Medical Center, Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Paul Toms, Mike Yaconelli 1989 - Coalition on Revival, Leighton Ford, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, Kenneth Kantzer, Donald McGavran, John Warwick Montgomery, Dewey and Edith Mulholland (Brasilia Baptist Seminary), Ray Ortlund, Outreach Inc., Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Zondervan Publishing 1990 - Calvin Chao, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, R. L. Hymers, Institute for Creation Research, Jay Kesler, Saddleback Memorial Medical Center, Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Southern Baptist Convention, Zondervan Publishing 1991 - Calvin Chao, Coalition on Revival, Leighton Ford, Fundamentalist Baptist Tabernacle, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, Arthur Johnston, Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, Dewey and Edith Mulholland, Ray Ortlund, Paul Pressler, Saddleback Memorial Medical Center, Simon Greenleaf School of Law 1992 - Calvin Chao, Church Council Steering Committee, Far East Broadcasting, Art Glasser, Billy Melvin, John Song 1993 - Church Council Steering Committee, Coalition on Revival, Far East Broadcasting Corporation, Norman Giesler, Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, C. B. Hogue Margaret Short, Zondervan, Saddleback Memorial Medical Center 1994 - Calvin Chao, Church Council Steering Committee, Dewey and Edith Mullholland, Outreach Inc. Subjects: Theological debates between conservative and liberal Protestants in the United States, particularly over biblical inerrancy; American Evangelical Protestantism; Christian higher education in the United States

Notes: The topics of correspondence (and the correspondents) parallel those in series I. There is a great deal of personal correspondence and in particular many letters from the Lindsells’ daughter Marjorie. Besides the materials relating to biblical inerrancy and debates between liberal and conservative Christianity in the United States, there is some material on the debate over creation vs. evolution and a few items about the legalization of abortion. Many files relate to Lindsell’s participation as a board member in Gordon Conwell Seminary and Westmont College and there is also a good deal of material on his teaching of theology at the Simon Greenleaf School of Law. There is also correspondence with Thomas Nelson, Tyndale and Zondervan publishers about Lindsell’s books or proposed books. In some cases, Lindsell put all (or most) of the correspondence from one source together and these files can be found in subseries IIB. Exceptional items: The folder for 1980 contains some notes by Lindsell on the state of Christianity in America at that time.

The files for 1981 contain reports and other information about Lindsell’s visit to Australia in that year. (See also folder 25-2 and the tapes T128-T132.)

Folder 18-1 contains Lindsell’s eulogy of fellow Wheaton alumni Kenneth Gieser. *****

Subseries: B2, Subject Files

Arrangement: Alphabetical by folder title

Date Range: 1950-1994

Volume: 4.2 cubic feet

Boxes: 25-35 Geographic coverage: Mainly the United States. Folder 25-1 contains material about a Congress on Biblical Inerrancy in Argentina which Lindsell attended and spoke at in 1981. Folder 25-2 contains material about his trip to Australia that same year. Folder 34-1 contains material relating to his speaking at the Chinese Congress on Biblical Inerrancy in Taiwan in 1984.

Type of materials: Correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, manuscripts, newspaper and magazine clippings Correspondents: Hudson Armerding, Peter Beyerhaus, Norman Edwards, J. Richard Chase, Billy Graham, Ruth Graham,


The materials in this collection were given to the Wheaton College Billy Graham Center Archives by Dr. Harold Lindsell in June and July, 1981. Some materials in this Supplement were given by Harold Lindsell to the Graham Center Library in the summer of 1981, and transferred to the Archives in February, 1982. Some of the books received in the materials which the Graham Center Library did not wish to keep were given away to private individuals, as noted in the book separation record, per Dr. Lindsell's direction. A number of books and periodicals were returned to Dr. Lindsell. Lists of the books and periodicals that were given to the BGC Library are available upon request.

Accession 81-15, 81-68, 81-69, 81-71, 81-75, 81-76, 82-19, 82-20, 83-101, 88-106, 90-90, 92-118, 92-124, 93-83, 95-9

March 19, 1982

Galen R. Wilson

M. Given

J. Malone M. Miles

J. Nasgowitz

March 22, 1982

Galen R. Wilson

J. Nasgowitz

June 20, 1991, revised Paul Ericksen

L. Ferguson

September 18, 2006 83-101, 88-106, 90-90, 92-118, 92-124, 93-83, 95-9

Bob Shuster J. Anderson

April 1, 2013 13-16

Bob Shuster

Collection 192 Papers of Harold Lindsell
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Roman Script

Repository Details

Part of the Evangelism & Missions Archives Repository

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