Collection 104 Oral History Interview with Bruce F. Hunt
Scope and Contents
Oral history interviews in which Bruce Finley Hunt (1903-1992) discusses his boyhood in Korea, college and seminary education at Wheaton College, Rutgers University and Princeton Seminary; a portion (1928-1942) of his missionary work in Korea and Manchuria; and his impressions of Korean culture. The time period covered by the interviews is roughly 1903-1976.
Bruce Finley Hunt was interviewed by Robert Shuster on March 22 and May 21, 1980 and October 16, 2002 in Abington, PA and Wheaton, IL.
- Created: 1980-1982
Conditions Governing Access
There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.
Biographical or Historical Information
Bruce Hunt was born in Pyeng Yang, Korea, on June 4, 1903, the son of Presbyterian missionaries William Brewster and Bertha Violet Finley Hunt. He grew up in Korea and attended the Pyeng Yang Foreign School. In 1919, he came to the United States and lived with relatives in St. Louis, MO, for a brief time before enrolling as a Greek major in Wheaton College, Wheaton, IL. In his senior year, his parents came to the United States on furlough and, since they were living in Princeton, NJ, he transferred to Rutgers University so that he could stay with them. He graduated from Rutgers in 1924 with an A.B. He worked in Maine for a summer for the Presbyterian church and then enrolled in Princeton Seminary. After graduating in 1928, he returned to Korea as a missionary under the Presbyterian board of Foreign Missions in the U.S.A., but shortly afterwards switched to the Independent Board for Foreign Missions because of that board's defense of a conservative interpretation of the Bible. In later years, because of a procedural dispute, Hunt left the Independent Board and came under the Orthodox Presbyterian missionary organization.
Hunt's first station after he returned to Korea was Chungju. He spent seven years there, dividing his time between attendance at language school and visiting Korean churches for which he was responsible. While in Chungju, he became engaged to Katherine Blair, a teacher at a mission school, and they were married before they both returned to the United States for furlough in 1935. They were to have five children: Lois, Bertha, Katharine, David, and Mary.
Hunt attended Westminster Seminary during his furlough when he and Katherine returned to the United States. After a year's leave, the Hunt family moved to Harbin in Manchuria where Hunt continued to work among Koreans. When the Japanese satellite state of Manchuko was set up, Christians were increasingly pressured by the government to participate in rites of Shintoism, which included worship of Japan and the Japanese emperor. Hunt and other missionaries were arrested by the Japanese in 1941 for their refusal to accept this practice, just as Korean pastors had been arrested earlier because of their resistance. He was released briefly but then was arrested again after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. He and his family were exchanged along with other civilian internees in August, 1942, and went to Philadelphia to live with his parents for a year. For the rest of the war, he worked with the Orthodox Presbyterian churches on the west coast of the United States.
In 1946, Hunt returned to Korea, this time to Pusan, the town which remained his base and his family's home for the rest of his period of service. By 1947, he was on the faculty of Korea Theological Seminary, a new Presbyterian school in Pusan. Besides teaching, Hunt's time was occupied with evangelism trips and Bible conference work. Kathy Hunt, his wife, handled the mission's relief work correspondence and taught at a local college. In later years, Hunt taught at Koryu and Pusan Hap Dong Seminary. In July, 1976, the Hunts retired from the Korean mission field and moved to Abingdon, PA. Hunt died on July 26, 1992 in Quarryville, PA, and his wife Katharine on December 8, 1994.
5.00 Audio Tapes
Language of Materials
Accruals and Additions
The materials in this collection were given to the Billy Graham Center Archives by Bruce Hunt in March and May, 1980.
Accession 80-46, 80-70, 82-141
June 25, 1981
V. De Long
Updated, October 16, 1995
Paul A. Ericksen
Updated September 20, 2002
- Blanchard, Charles A. (Charles Albert)
- Boarding schools -- Korea.
- Boarding schools.
- Bole, Simeon James, 1875-
- Buddhism -- Doctrines.
- Buddhists -- Korea.
- Catholic Church -- Missions.
- Catholic Church.
- Catholic Church. -- Korea.
- Catholic Church. -- Protestant churches.
- Children of missionaries.
- Christian education -- Korea.
- Christian education.
- Christianity and culture.
- Church and state -- Korea.
- Church and state.
- Church development, New.
- Church growth
- Church growth -- Korea.
- Confucianism -- Korea.
- Culture shock.
- Evangelistic work -- Korea.
- Evangelistic work -- Manchuria (China)
- Evangelistic work.
- Hunt, Bruce F.
- Hunt, William Brewster.
- Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions.
- Korea -- Description and travel.
- Korea -- Foreign Relations
- Korea -- Foreign Relations -- Japan
- Korea -- Foreign Relations -- Japan -- 1910-1945.
- Korea -- History
- Korea -- History -- 20th century.
- Korea -- History -- Independence movement, 1919.
- Korea -- Politics and government.
- Korea -- Religion.
- Korea -- Social conditions.
- Language in missionary work.
- League of Evangelical Students.
- Liberalism (Religion)
- Liberation theology.
- Machen, J. Gresham (John Gresham), 1881-1937.
- Manchuria -- Description and travel.
- Manchuria -- History
- Manchuria -- History -- 1931-1945.
- McIntire, Carl, 1906-2002.
- Missionaries -- Training of.
- Missionaries -- Appointment, call, and election.
- Missionaries -- Korea.
- Missions -- Finance.
- Missions -- Korea.
- Missions -- Manchuria.
- Missions to Buddhists.
- Modernist-fundamentalist controversy.
- Moral re-armament.
- Nationalism -- Korea.
- Part-time missionaries.
- Presbyterian Church -- Missions.
- Presbyterian Church -- Missions -- Korea.
- Presbyterian Church.
- Princeton Theological Seminary.
- Religious institutions.
- Revivals -- Korea.
- Rural churches -- Korea.
- Rural churches.
- Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905.
- Smith, George H.
- Straw, Darien A.
- Street preaching.
- Theologians -- United States
- Theologians -- United States -- Foreign relations
- Theologians -- United States -- Foreign relations -- Korea.
- United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.
- United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. -- Missions.
- Wheaton College (Ill.)
- Wheaton College (Ill.) -- Athletics.
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Prisoners and prisons, Japanese.
- World War, 1939-1945.
- Collection 104 Oral History Interview with Bruce F. Hunt
- Bob Shuster
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note