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Blanchard, Charles A. (Charles Albert)



  • Existence: 1848 - 1925

Biographical Statement

Charles Albert Blanchard liked to recall that he was born in 1848, the year of revolutions. He was named for Charles Albert, Duke of Sardinia, who strove for Italian unification. The fifth of Jonathan and Mary Avery Bent Blanchard's twelve children was born on November 8, 1848, in Galesburg, Illinois. Charles' father had left the pastorate of the Sixth Presbyterian Church in Cincinnati to assume the presidency of Knox Manual Labor College in 1845. Following the elder Blanchard’s resignation in 1858 and brief pastorates in Congregational churches in Ottawa and Galesburg, the Blanchard family moved to Wheaton, where Jonathan Blanchard became head of the financially struggling Illinois Institute (soon re-named Wheaton College). The town of Wheaton became Charles Blanchard's residence for the remainder of his life.

Life as a boy in the Blanchard family included work on the family farm and preparatory school studies. A highlight of Charlie's younger years was a wagon trip to the Montana gold fields in 1864. Accompanying his father, the journey took them across the states of Illinois and Iowa and the territories of Nebraska, Montana, Idaho, Utah, and Colorado. On the return trip, Charles remained for a time in Nebraska Territory as a farm worker.

Charles Blanchard began his preaching career at the age of nineteen, when he delivered his first sermon in York Center, Illinois. By the time he graduated from Wheaton College in 1870, he had presented 65 addresses concerning the ills of lodgery. Following his commencement, Charles lectured as an agent for the National Christian Association, a reform organization dedicated chiefly to opposing Freemasonry and other oath bound orders.

In 1872, Charles began the affiliation with Wheaton College which was to last the rest of his life. That year he took the position of Principal of the Preparatory Department. Two years later he became the College's first professor of English, a position he held for eight years. He studied at Chicago Theological Seminary in 1875 and served as Pastor of College Church in Wheaton from 1878-1883. Charles Blanchard married Margaret Ellen Milligan on October 16, 1873. His bride hailed from the Keystone State and the wedding took place in Pittsburg. Five children were born to the couple: Jonathan McLeod, Mary Belle, Julia Warden Ellen, Rachel Geraldine, and Clara Levancia.

In 1882, Charles Albert Blanchard succeeded his father as President of Wheaton College. He would retain leadership as President and Professor of Mental and Moral Science for forty three years; the longest tenure served by a Wheaton College President.

In 1884, after 11 years of marriage, Ellen died, suffering from heart lesions caused by childhood rheumatic fever. Charles remarried in 1886. The object of his love, Miss Amanda Jennie Carothers, had graduated with the Class of 1878 and served as Dean of Women from 1880 to their marriage. Jennie bore three children: Jane Caroline, Marie Frances, and Mildred Nora, bringing the total number of Blanchard children to 8. (The son born to Charles' previous marriage died in infancy and Marie Frances died at the age of two.) Amanda Jennie died in 1894, leaving Charles a widower for the second time.

Charles corresponded with Jennie's sister, Frances (an 1880 graduate of Wheaton College and medical doctor), after Jennie's death. This exchange eventually expanded to concern itself with matters of the heart and their marriage followed in 1896. During their marriage of twenty nine years, an adopted son, Paul, was added to the Blanchard home.

Blanchard's professional life continued to expand. In 1896 the Doctorate of Divinity degree was bestowed upon him by Monmouth College. Between 1897 and 1899, Blanchard served a second time as pastor of College Church. Wheaton College named Blanchard to the Professorship of Psychology and Ethics in 1900 and from 1902 to 1904 Blanchard held the Presidency of the National Christian Association. Until his death on December 20, 1925, Charles Blanchard remained active as President of Wheaton College as well as continuing to lecture and write.

Found in 17 Collections and/or Records:

Charles Albert Blanchard Papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: RG-02-002
Scope and Contents The papers of Charles Albert Blanchard  minister, reformer, and second President of Wheaton College  consist of both personal papers and administrative archive material.  Collected from several sources since 1950, much of the material was given to the College Archives by Dr. Clyde S. Kilby.  It was among the Blanchard Family materials given to him by Miss Julia Blanchard (daughter of Charles Blanchard) when Kilby was researching his biography of Jonathan Blanchard.  Other material was...
Dates: Created: Majority of material found within 1858-1937; 1858-2012

CN 285 - Torrey Maynard Johnson, Sr., Papers.

Identifier: CN 285
Scope and Contents Correspondence, oral history interviews, scrapbooks, sermons, minutes, reports, photos, posters, newspaper and magazine clippings, brochures, audio recordings, video recordings reflecting Johnson’s life as an influential American Protestant from the 1930s through the 1990s. Besides documenting Johnson’s pastorates of Midwest Bible Church (Illinois) and Bibletown Community Church (Florida), his leadership of Youth for Christ International, and his activities as an independent evangelist, the...
Dates: Created: 1919 -2001

Collection 038 Ephemera of Paul Rader

Identifier: CN 038
Scope and Contents Newsletters, sermon manuscripts, scrapbooks, programs, pamphlets, photographs, negatives, brochures, a taped sermon, slides, thesis materials, and more, documenting Paul Rader's life and ministry. The material deals mainly with his radio work and the organizations he founded, including the Chicago Gospel Tabernacle. Additional material includes items about Rader gathered for a planned biography, sermons of other preachers who spoke at the Tabernacle, newsletters and magazines published by...
Dates: Created: 1899-1996

Collection 093 Oral History Interview with Earl A. Winsor

Identifier: CN 093
Scope and Contents Oral history interview with Earl Austin Winsor (1897-1983) in which he discusses his education at Wheaton College as a student (1919-1920) and teacher (1920-25, history, and 1939-1949, math and physics) and his missionary experiences in Africa under Africa Inland Mission, serving in what is now Zaire. Wheaton personalities, mission experiences, especially those relating to his education work, and analysis of his exposure to African government, churches, tribal customs, and health practices....
Dates: Created: 1979-1980

Collection 104 Oral History Interview with Bruce F. Hunt

Identifier: CN 104
Scope and Contents Oral history interviews in which Bruce Finley Hunt (1903-1992) discusses his boyhood in Korea, college and seminary education at Wheaton College, Rutgers University and Princeton Seminary; a portion (1928-1942) of his missionary work in Korea and Manchuria; and his impressions of Korean culture. The time period covered by the interviews is roughly 1903-1976.Bruce Finley Hunt was interviewed by Robert Shuster on March 22 and May 21, 1980 and October 16, 2002 in Abington, PA and...
Dates: Created: 1980-1982

Collection 196 Oral History Interview with Edna Louise Asher Case

Identifier: CN 196
Scope and Contents Oral history interview with Edna Louise Asher Case (1905-1999), in which she discusses her aunt, Virginia Asher, who was a co-worker of Billy Sunday; she was also involved in many other evangelistic efforts. Other topics include: Case's student days at Wheaton College, and her involvement in city mission work; impressions of Mel Trotter, Billy Sunday, Helen Sunday. The time frame covered by the interview is 1905 to 1929.Edna Case was interviewed by  Robert Shuster  on November...
Dates: Created: 1905-1929

Collection 279 Oral History Interview with Elizabeth Evans

Identifier: CN 279
Scope and Contents Oral history interviews with Elizabeth Morrell Evans (1899-1976) in which she discusses her childhood; education at Wheaton College; work with J. Elwin Wright; her Christian education activities; the development of the New England Fellowship, the National Association of Evangelicals, and the World Evangelical Fellowship; and her work as a missionary in Taiwan. The time period covered by the interviews is 1899-1976.Elizabeth Evans was interviewed by Robert Shuster on October 8,...
Dates: Created: 1984-1985

Collection 284 Oral History Interview with Gladys Wright

Identifier: CN 284
Scope and Contents Oral history interviews with Gladys Lyle Wright (1902-1994), in which she discusses her work as a teacher in Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of Congo). Topics discussed include: Wright's family background, education at Wheaton College and Moody Bible Institute, her work as a missionary in the Belgian Congo for the Africa Inland Mission, memories of the Congolese people and culture, and her experiences at Wheaton when she was on the staff of the College after retriring from the mission...
Dates: Created: 1984

Collection 288 Oral History Interview with Vincent L. Crossett

Identifier: CN 288
Scope and Contents Oral history interviews with Vincent Leroy Crossett (1907-1999) in which he describes his education at Wheaton and Westminster Seminary, missionary work with China Inland Mission/Overseas Missionary Fellowship in China and Taiwan, and pastoral work in a local church in Hawaii. Topics discussed include Crossett's education at Wheaton College and Westminster Seminary; decision to join China Inland Mission; language school; evangelism methods; characteristics of the Chinese church; CIM's...
Dates: Created: 1984-1986

Collection 488 Papers of John E. Phillips

Identifier: CN 488
Scope and Contents

Oral history interviews, letters, newspaper clipping, a booklet and other materials, relating mainly to John E. Phillips' work as a missionary with the Sudan Interior Mission among the Kambatta people of Ethiopia (1932-1937) and among the Dinka people of Sudan (1938-1949). There is also some information on his involvement in other ministries, such as Ambassadors for Christ and the Allentown Rescue Mission.

Dates: Created: 1926-2003

Collection 546 Records of the American Messianic Fellowship

Identifier: CN 546
Scope and Contents

Collection includes annual reports, audio tape, correspondence, legal documents, log books, minute books, newsletters, photograph, and prayer books documenting the American Messianic Fellowship (formerly the Chicago Hebrew Mission) and the Hebrew Christian Fellowship (Florida) a subsidiary of the AMF.

Dates: Created: 1897-1987

Collection 567 Papers of H. Wilbert Norton

Identifier: CN 567
Scope and Contents Oral history interviews, photographs, correspondence, reports, minutes, budgets, pamphlets, and manuscripts relating to Gustav H.W. Norton's (1915-2017) work as an administrator and professor of theology and missiology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and Wheaton College, as well as his involvement with InterVarsity Christian Fellowship, Evangelical Literature Overseas, and Mid-American Keswick. The collection documents Norton’s childhood, education, and career as professor of missions...
Dates: Created: 1950-2000

Collection 586 Papers of William A. Deans

Identifier: CN 586
Scope and Contents

Photographs, maps, articles, clippings, correspondence, manuscripts, and tracts relating to the ministry of William Alexander Deans, missionary and translator with Christian Mission in Many Lands. Materials document his work in northeast Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of Congo), especially his publication of Christian literature into African languages.The bulk of the materials cover the 1930s and 1940s.

Dates: Created: 1930-1979

Emmet Russell papers.

 Unprocessed Material — Box: 2
Identifier: 1998-023
Dates: 1919-1932

Moody Church Records

Identifier: CN 330
Brief Description Correspondence, reports, scrapbooks, church bulletins, minutes of meetings, and other records documenting the activities of the influential independent Chicago church started in 1864 by Dwight L. Moody; chiefly from ca. 1910 through 1946. Topics documented include worship services, Sunday school, the weekly activities in the congregation, the governance of the body, and various urban evangelistic outreaches of the church. Besides the history of the church, the collection also documents such...
Dates: Created: 1864-1987

MSS | Friendship Book {2021-0073}

 Unprocessed Material — Container: 1
Identifier: 2021-0073
Dates: Majority of material found within 1917 - 1918

PHOTO | "Graduating Class of Wheaton College," probably pre-1900 {2021-0088}

 Unprocessed Material — Container: 1
Identifier: 2021-0088
Dates: Majority of material found within 1890 - 1900

Additional filters:

Collection 14
Unprocessed Material 3
Evangelistic work. 11
Conversion. 9
Evangelistic work -- United States. 8
Catholic Church. 6
Missionaries -- Appointment, call, and election. 6
∨ more
Missionaries. 6
Missions -- Educational work. 6
Wheaton College (Ill.) -- Alumni. 6
Christian education. 5
Language in missionary work. 5
Missionaries -- Training of. 5
Bible. 4
Chicago (Ill.) 4
Children of missionaries. 4
Church and state. 4
Fundamentalism. 4
Indigenous church administration 4
Missions -- China. 4
Missions -- Congo (Democratic Republic). 4
Missions -- Finance. 4
Religious institutions. 4
Women -- Religious life. 4
Women missionaries. 4
World War, 1939-1945. 4
Animism. 3
Buddhists. 3
Children -- United States -- Religious life. 3
Christianity and culture. 3
Church and social problems -- United States. 3
Church development, New. 3
College students. 3
Education 3
Evangelicalism -- United States. 3
Evangelistic invitations. 3
Evangelistic sermons. 3
Evangelistic work -- China. 3
Evangelistic work -- Congo (Democratic Republic) 3
Evangelistic work -- Illinois -- Chicago. 3
Independent churches. 3
Mass media in religion -- United States. 3
Mass media in religion. 3
Missions -- India. 3
Missions to Buddhists. 3
Missions, Medical. 3
Modernist-fundamentalist controversy. 3
Radio in religion -- United States. 3
Radio in religion. 3
Sermons, American. 3
Tribes. 3
Wheaton College (Ill.) -- Religious life and customs. 3
Women 3
World War, 1914-1918. 3
Belgium -- Colonies -- Africa. 2
Belgium -- Colonies. 2
Belgium. 2
Belief and doubt. 2
Bible -- Publication and distribution. 2
Boarding schools. 2
Catholic Church -- Missions. 2
Catholic Church -- Relations -- Protestant churches. 2
Chaplains, Military 2
Chaplains, Military -- United States. 2
Chicago (Ill.) -- Religion. 2
Children -- United States 2
Children of missionaries -- Education. 2
Children. 2
Christian education -- Congo (Democratic Republic) 2
Christian education -- Taiwan. 2
Christian education -- United States. 2
Christian literature -- Publication and distribution. 2
Christian literature. 2
Church and social problems. 2
Church discipline. 2
Church fund raising. 2
Church work with military personnel -- United States. 2
Church work with military personnel. 2
Church work with youth -- United States. 2
Church work with youth. 2
City missions -- Illinois -- Chicago. 2
City missions. 2
College students -- United States 2
College students -- United States -- Religious life. 2
College students in missionary work. 2
Congo (Democratic Republic) -- History -- Civil War, 1960-1965. 2
Congo (Democratic Republic)--Social life and customs 2
Crime and criminals 2
Culture shock. 2
Depressions 2
Depressions -- 1929 2
Depressions -- 1929 -- United States. 2
Education -- Congo (Democratic Republic) 2
Evangelicalism -- Relations -- Judaism. 2
Evangelicalism. 2
Evangelistic work -- Great Britain. 2
Evangelistic work -- Ireland. 2
Fund raising. 2
Independent churches -- United States. 2
Indigenous church administration -- Taiwan. 2
Liberalism (Religion) 2
Medical care 2
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