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Evangelical Fellowship of Mission Agencies Records

Identifier: CN 165

Brief Description

Executive Directors' (Clyde Taylor, Wade Coggins, Paul McKaughan) files of the EFMA. The association of denominational and nondenominational foreign missions boards began as a commission of the National Association of Evangelicals to serve common interests of members in government relations (domestic and foreign); use of communication channels; cooperative purchasing/travel; and relations between each other. The collection is subdivided into thirteen parts: 1. Correspondence and General Files (arranged by year); 2. Five Missionary Martyrs Fund (established following their murders by the Auca Indians); 3. Latin American Survey (by country); 4. Meetings; 5. Publications; 6. Reference; 7. Protestants in Roman Catholic Countries (Colombia and Spain); 8. Countries; 9. Minutes; 10. Members' audits; 11. Universal Travel Service; 12. Audio tapes; 13. Video tapes. Evangelical leaders are among the correspondents in the collection. Regional and international meetings and numerous subjects related to missions are also documented.


  • Created: 1937-1996

Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on access to this collection.

Conditions Governing Use

EFMA retains copyright to its publications contained in this collection.

Organizational History & Biographies

Association of Evangelical denominational and nondenominational mission boards. EFAM began as a commission of the National Association of Evangelicals in 1943; incorporated autonomously in Washington, DC, in 1945. EFMA consisted of various mission boards and aimed to serve the common interests of members in government relations, cooperative purchasing and travel, inter-mission relations and fellowship. EFMA coordinated education/training opportunities, dissemination of information, research, and annual meetings and retreats.

EFMA History

Founded: 1945

Location of headquarters: Washington, DC. Also maintained a purchasing office in New York (later in Wheaton, Illinois) and travel office (Universal Travel Service) in Chicago


  • 1945-1974: Clyde W. Taylor, Executive Secretary
  • 1975-1989: Wade T. Coggins, Executive Director
  • 1990- : Paul McKaughan

  • 1949: Thirty-four member missions
  • 1976: Seventy-two members with over 8,200 missionaries overseas
  • 1981: Eighty-three agencies with over 10,000 missionaries in over 100 countries
  • 1996: One hundred plus member agencies with over 11,000 missionaries serving throughout the world While the total number of members increased steadily, there were also mission boards which withdrew their membership

    Significant events in organizational history:
  • 1943: Began as a commission of the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE)
  • 1944: Opened its own office, separate from that of the NAE, in Washington, DC
  • 1945: Formally organized and incorporated, becoming an independent body although retaining its affiliation with the NAE as its missions arm
  • 1962: Established with IFMA a joint office in Africa
  • 1963: With IFMA established a joint commission, chartered in l964 as the Evangelical Missions Information Service (EMIS). EMIS took over the publication of Missionary News Service, and the various editions of Pulse (concerned primarily with geographical areas, e.g. Latin America Pulse, or Asia Pulse). EMIS began publication of Evangelical Missions Quarterly.
  • ca. 1992: Renamed Evangelical Fellowship of Mission Agencies
  • 2007: Renamed to The Mission Exchange
  • 2012: Merged with CrossGlobal Link (formerly IFMA) to form Missio Nexus

    Ministry speciality or emphasis:
  • Union of denominational and nondenominational foreign mission boards, differentiated from the Interdenominational Foreign Mission Association (IFMA, founded in 1917), whose membership was limited to mission societies without denominational affiliation and operated financially on the "faith-mission" basis
  • Served the common interests of members in government relations, cooperative purchasing and travel, visa applications, inter-mission relations, and in spiritual fellowship and encouragement through conferences, consultations, conventions, and retreats
  • Membership was contingent on the following factors: subscription to the EFMA statement of faith, a board of directors of at least five persons, a minimum of ten active missionaries, the regulation of missionaries by the board, and published annual financial statements
  • Adopted the statement of faith was that used by the NAE, stressing the deity of Christ, the inspiration of Scripture, the work of the Holy Spirit and regeneration and sanctification of believers, and the spiritual unity of the Church
  • Disseminated information via Missionary News Service (MNS) and EFMAgram
  • Membership consisted of active organizations
  • Accomplished much of its work through committees, which were formed on an ad hoc basis. With increased cooperation between EFMA and IFMA, several standing committees operated under the joint direction of the two associations, including: CAMEO (Committee to Assist Missionary Education Overseas, renamed Committee to Assist Ministry Education Overseas), Committee on Bible Translation Concerns, Evangelical China Committee, Evangelical Committee for Africa, Evangelical Committee for Asia, Evangelical Islamics Committee, Latin American Committee, and Personnel and Student Affairs Committee
  • Sponsored relief efforts though the NAE's World Relief Commission
  • Utilized the professional services of Organization Resources Counselors on matters of international finance and cost-of-living

  • Missionary News Service (MNS), a newsletter-format collection of news items, published twice monthly beginning in 1954, focusing exclusively on matters of current interest in the international missions context
  • EFMAgram was distributed only to members to keep them advised on routine and practical matters

    Alternative organizational names:
  • 1945-1992: Evangelical Foreign Missions Association until 1992
  • 1992-2007: Renamed Evangelical Fellowship of Mission Agencies in order to include domestic missions into membership
  • 2007-2011: Renamed The Mission Exchange
  • 2012-ongoing: Merged with CrossGlobal (formerly IFMA) to form Missio Nexus

    Other information:
  • EFMA's main office customarily handled: relations with the US and foreign governments; practical matters such as passport and visa service, counseling on tax matters, advising on world financial conditions, etc.; missions policy; comity. The headquarters staff also coordinated specific research projects, an example of which was the 196l publication of an exhaustive survey of Latin American Protestant missions.
  • EFMA primarily accomplished its tasks through the executive director's office, which handled the day-to-day affairs of the organization and kept abreast of happenings in the myriad of committees of its own founding and of co-authorization with the IFMA. A major factor in the cohesiveness of the organizational machinery was the relatively small number of people in leadership positions.
  • Another aspect of EFMA's contribution was its organization of conventions, retreats, seminars, etc. The annual convention was held concurrently with the NAE convention, offering sessions on and occasion for discussion of issues of common concern. The Mission Executives Retreat, an annual event first held in 1953, was a "meeting of the minds" where specific topics of mission policy and operation were studied in depth by senior-level executives from EFMA missions. Beginning in 1955, the papers read at these meetings were published in the Mission Executives Retreat Report. EFMA also sponsored another yearly event, the Organization Resources Counselors Seminar. Beginning in the early 1970s, the seminar gave mission board personnel professional guidance on the use of their financial resources in a variety of international settings. EFMA periodically sponsored or co-sponsored Study Conferences, Think Conferences, etc.
  • Biography - Clyde W. Taylor (see Taylor's biography in the Guide to Collection 597)

    Biography - Wade T. Coggins

    Full name: Wade Thomas Coggins

    Birth date: December 12, 1924, in New Market, North Carolina


  • Parents: Charles L. and Laura Hinshaw Coggins
  • Marital Status: Married Jane Wells in 1945
  • Children: Robert (born 1950)

  • 1945: Graduated with a diploma from the C & MA's Missionary Training Institute (also 1945)
  • 1953-1955: Nyack Missionary College, B.S. degree
  • 1965: University of Maryland, M.A.
  • 1973: Nyack College, LL.D.

  • 1946-1947: Pastored a church in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1947: Ordained by the Christian and Missionary Alliance
  • 1947-1953: C&MA missionary in Colombia, serving as field director of a large rural district, working closely with a native Colombian evangelist among the Paez Indians, and later being associated with the Bethel Bible Institute, which trained young Colombians for the ministry. While there he witnessed the 1948 uprising in Colombia, where widespread political and religious violence accounted for two hundred thousand deaths. Coggins himself was attacked and severely beaten by natives of rural Argelia in southern Colombia in 1950.
  • 1958: Worked on EFMA staff in various capacities
  • 1964: Instrumental in founding Evangelical Missions Quarterly
  • 1975: Appointed EFMA Executive Director
  • 1981: Served on EMQ's editorial committee and was editor of Missionary New Service

    Other significant information:
  • He was the author of So That's What Missions Is All About (1975), and co- editor of four additional works: Protestant Missions in Latin America - A Statistical Survey (1961), Mobilizing for Saturation Evangelism (1970), Evangelical Missions Tomorrow (1977), and Christ and Caesar in Christian Missions (1979)

    Biography - Paul McKaughan

    Full name: Paul E. McKaughan

    Birth date: September 14, 1938, in Alhambra, California

  • Marital Status: Married to Joanne Repetto
  • Children: Don, Doug, Debbie (all born in Brazil)

  • 1961: Graduated from Bethany Fellowship Bible Institute, Minneapolis, specializing in missions studies
  • 1966-1967: Attended Fuller Seminary Institute of Church Growth
  • 1981: Completed Management Course of the American Management Association
  • 1994: Honorary Doctor of Divinity, Denver Seminary
  • Also attended assorted courses and seminars in management

  • 1961: Ordained by Bethany Church, Minneapolis
  • 1962-1975: Missionary in Brazil
  • 1962-?: First assignment to establish Bethany Fellowship Bible Institute's school and clinic in the Brazilian jungle
  • Taught church growth and pastoral theology in Word of Life Seminary and Free Methodist Seminary in Sao Paolo, Brazil
  • Lectured on church and time management, planning for change
  • 1962: Directed Billy Graham's crusade in Brazil
  • 1966-1967: Chaplain of Los Angeles Probation Authority while on furlough
  • 1967: Joined Overseas Crusades as coordinator of planning
  • 1971-1975: Consultant to churches and missions in strategic planning in Brazil
  • 1974: Coordinated Brazilian delegation for 1974 Lausanne Congress
  • 1975: Directed Billy Graham's Rio de Janeiro Crusade
  • 1975-1976: Assistant to the President of Overseas Crusades and consultant to Mission to the World
  • 1976: Member of Pacific Presbytery of the Presbyterian Church of America
  • 1977-1987: Coordinator and CEO of Mission to the World, foreign mission arm of Presbyterian Church in America; responsible for the oversight and funding of over four hundred missionaries in thirty-six countries
  • 1980: Attended Consultation on World Evangelization in Pattaya, Thailand
  • 1983: Attended Amsterdam '83 as a consultant
  • 1986: Consultant to Amsterdam '86 program committee
  • 1987-1989: Associate International Director and Chief Operating Officer for the Lausanne Committee on World Evangelization
  • Director of Ministries for the Lausanne Committee
  • Coordinator for Lausanne II Congress in Manila
  • 1990-2005: Executive Director of Evangelical Fellowship of Mission Agencies
  • 1992: Represented North America at the World Evangelical Fellowship's General Assembly

    Other significant information:
  • Moderator of the North American Presbyterian and Reformed Missions Council.
  • Member of the American Management Association
  • Member of World Future Society
  • Member of World Evangelical Fellowship's Missions Council
  • On Board of Directors of Evangelical Missions Information Service
  • On Board of Directors of AD 2000
  • Member of Mission America 2000
  • Member of Ministerial Advisory Board of Reformed Seminary
  • Fluent speaking, reading and writing in Portuguese
  • Contributed chapters to several books on missions; co-authored Choosing a Future for U.S. Missions
  • Extent

    118.75 Linear Feet (225 boxes, (208 DC, 1 ODC, 16 RC), Audio Tapes, Books, Negatives, Oversize Material, Pamphlets, Periodicals, Photographs, Video Tapes)

    Language of Materials


    Arrangement and Description

    Series I: Correspondence

    Subseries IA: Annual correspondence files

    Arrangement: Chronologically subdivided into thirty-four subseries according to years, in most cases annually:

    1944-1948 1948-1949 1950-1951 1951-1952 1952-1956 1957-1958 1958-1960 1960-1961 1962-1963 1963-1964 1965-1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991-1995

    Prior to the 1969 section, the time periods span two or more years. However, beginning with the 1969 section, the files are limited to one year, with only minimal overlap into the preceding or succeeding years. Only the final section, 1991-1995, returns to the multi-year format. The files created prior to 1977 are arranged alphabetically by folder title for each time period. Beginning with the 1977 material, however, the subseries are further subdivided by files relating to EFMA committees (including Africa, CAMEO, Evangelical Joint Accounting Committee, EMIS, Latin America, Missionary News Service, Organizational Resources Counselors, Personnel), organizations, administration, and meetings. Within each section the files are arranged alphabetically, with the one exception that the meetings files are arranged chronologically. The 1988 section inexplicably deviates from this pattern by returning to the earlier single alphabetical order throughout and intermingling committee, meeting, administration and organization files.

    Date Range: 1944-1996

    Volume: 60.7 cubic feet

    Boxes: 1-13, 19-63, 90-97, 99, 111-177

    Geographic coverage: United States and international

    Type of documents: Correspondence, memos, minutes, reports, event programs, statistics, message manuscripts, questionnaires, members’ certification of audits

    Correspondents: Clyde Taylor, Wade Coggins, Paul McKaughan, Peter Beck, executives or representatives of mission agencies, prominent Evangelical figures, representatives of other organizations or government agencies which EFMA either contacted or heard from, or pastors and mission committee representatives of local congregations.

    Descriptive limits: The files spanning 1944 to 1985 (boxes 1-110) are described by their corresponding folder title (see detailed Container List at the conclusion of the guide). Beginning with the 1986 subseries (boxes 111 and following, the files are only described at the box level.

    Notes: This series documents over fifty years of EFMA’s general administration (primarily of its three chief executives), recording the activity of its office and various committees, requests from its members, collection of dues from member agencies, providing current tax information and instructions, coordination of visa services, surveys of the membership, interaction with other organizations, EFMA’s annual convention held each Spring at the time of the National Association of Evangelicals annual meeting, EFMA’s Fall Retreat co-sponsored with the Interdenominational Foreign Mission Association (IFMA), and the many meetings in which the Executive Directors participated as a representative of the Association. The earlier years of the series contain a higher percentage of substantive correspondence, while those for the later years, although much thicker, are primarily reports, papers, and other massproduced items, and correspondence is largely confined to routine housekeeping. (One exception to this trend in boxes 1 through 19 is the Africa material, which has much correspondence in every file.) Many files were created as general housekeeping files, and these reflect a major portion of EFMA activity. The topics covered in most of these files are too varied to receive individual note, and in many cases, it is questionable whether this wide smattering of details is of significance bit by bit. Commonly recurring files include those titled: Board Minutes, Board of Directors, Bulletins, EFMA Board Meetings, EFMA (Spring) Convention, EFMAgram, Mailings to Member Boards, Miscellaneous, Mission Executives (Fall) Retreat, News Releases, and NAE; the most substantive of these are the Spring and Fall meetings files. The administration section of the 1991-1995 series includes subsection of alphabetically arranged general files (folders 152-6 through 156-8), which seems to parallel the General Correspondence series of this collection compiled by Taylor and Coggins.

    There are many Evangelical meetings, conventions and conferences documented in this series, most related to some aspect of missionary thought or practice. Some of these are focused on an area of the world such as the 1987 COMIBAM (or Congreso Misionero IberoAmericano) found in folders 125-8 through 126-2 (seven folders) and several of the other subseries for the latter half of the 1980s), or the 1992 Conference on CIS (or Commonwealth of Independent States, formerly of the Soviet Union) in folders 171-3 to 12. Other meetings emphasized a strategic approach as in the 1976 Tell Asia seminar (see folder 111-8 and 208-1 in the General Correspondence). Still others addressed a missiological issue such as the 1989 Translation Conference (folder141-6) or International Conference on MKs (missionary kids; folder 142-1, 2) or the Billy Graham Center’s 1987 Tentmaking Consultation (folder 122-5). Other gatherings looked at a personnel or administrative need of member missions such as the 1987 Stress Management meeting (folder 122-3) or the 1986 State Department briefing on International Terrorism (folder 116-4); some meetings files contain message manuscripts from the event. Some files in the series relate to resources EFMA made available to its members for administration, such as consulting expertise of Organization Resources Counselors in seminars or publications, such as ORC’s manuscript Missionary Compensation: A Balance Sheet Approach in folder 112-3. Researchers will greatly benefit from browsing through the detailed portion of the Container List (boxes 1 through 110) for a complete enumeration of these files. Among the organizations represented in the Organizations subseries of each annual series are those which EFMA was regularly interacting with, including the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE), National Religious Broadcasters (NRB) and World Evangelical Fellowship (WEF). Of the nine series, this is the most extensive and complex.

    Exceptional items: EFMA's incorporation papers (folder 15), documents related to the restructuring of EFMA bylaws in 196l (folder 426), and information about EFMA coop purchasing and discounts (folder 243). Among the surveys conducted were those for annual statistical EFMA reporting, a 1992 survey to assess the impact of the weakened economy on member agencies, and a 1986 survey of EFMA members on missionary salaries. In some cases, the completed individual questionnaires are available in the file, while other folders contain only the resulting report with compiled data. The 1991-1995 subseries includes notebooks apparently kept by McKaughan to use in planning for or reporting at EFMA’s Spring and Fall meetings. Several of the subseries from the 1990s record the activity related to EFMA’s requirement that member missions have their financial records audited once a year. The files in these series don’t include the actual audits but rather statements certifying that an audit was conducted by an auditing firm; see the concluding series for a selection of EFMA members’ audits. The 19911995 series also includes documents (folders 160-4 and 160-5) related to the Foundation for New Era Philanthropy scandal in 1995, as the EFMA office attempted to assess the impact of the Foundation’s collapse on its members and coordinate a subsequent response.

    Subseries IB: General correspondence files

    Arrangement: Alphabetical

    Date Range: 1948-1988

    Volume: 10.4 cubic feet

    Boxes: 188-209, 222-225

    Geographic coverage: U.S. and international

    Type of documents: Similar to the preceding subseries, also message manuscripts

    Correspondents: Taylor, Coggins, mission agency representatives, US government contacts

    Descriptive limits: Described only at the box level

    Notes: Similar to the Reference Files series which follows later, this series serves as a reference file and spans a wide variety of organizations, persons, places, events, and themes. However, it appears to be more of a working series and internally oriented, not just documenting other agencies but including a record of EFMA’s interaction with them or on a particular issue. It is also similar to the Reference series, both in that it spans the Taylor and Coggins administrations of EFMA, and in the document types represented in its files. The extent of documentation for these files seems more substantive than that of the preceding series, although some files simply provide background information on the agency. A sampling of the organizations, persons, events and themes represented follows, illustrating the complex network EFMA operated in and diversity of issues and activities that intersected with EFMA’s service to its members; folder numbers are only provided where the name or subject heading provided below does not indicate where in the alphabetical ordering the file will be found; in some instances the word being used to alphabetize the file appears in all upper case type. Many issues are covered, including operation of the EFMA, visa situations in countries where member missions had staff, relationships between and cooperation among agencies, background information on social trends and political movements throughout the world, use of diplomatic influence, legal and financial obligations of member agencies, and trends throughout the world and in missions thinking with implications for missions practice.

    Organizations: Association of Church Missions Committee or ACMC (folders 188-3,4,5), Association of Relief and Development Organizations or AERDO (folders 188-7,8), Billy Graham Center (folders 190-5,6), the Bangui Evangelical School of Theology or BEST (folders 18910,11,12), Campus Crusade for Christ or CCC (folder 223-6), Comite Latino Americano Sobre Evangelismo or CLASE (folder 224-4), Congo Protestant Council (folder 193-12), Difusiones InterAmericanas (folder 194-6), EMIS (folders 198-11,12), Evangelical Fellowship of India (folder199-1), Evangelical Men’s Fellowship (folder 199-4), Evangelical Missionary Association of Japan (folder 199-5), Evangelism-in-Depth’s In-Depth Evangelism (folder 225-2), Greater Mexican Missions (folder 200-4), Help for a Hungry World (folder 200-12) for which Clyde Taylor was a board member, Intercristo (folder 225-7), International Students Incorporated (folder 225-8) and its executive officer Bob Finley, Jaffray School of Missions at Nyack Missionary College (folder 225-9), Latin America Mission (folder 201-4) about the theological direction of the Latin American Seminary in Costa Rica), Link Care (folders 200-2, 201-7,8), Logos (folder 201-9 re Operation Mobilization, for which Coggins served as a member of the Logos Ship Replacement Committee), Missionary Communication Service for which Taylor was a board member (folder 201-13), Mexican Indian Mission (folder 202-1), Nairobi Evangelical Graduate School of Theology or NEGST (folder 202-2, Orient Crusades (folder 202-11, includes a 1957 principles and practices handbook), PACLA (folder 202-12), Project Look-Up (folder 203-6 on satellite communication), SHARE (folder 204-8), Charles Tripp in folder 208-7 (of the Evangelical Fellowship of Canada) on the 1982 World Council of Churches Lima Agreement, UNELAM (folder 208-11) or Unidad Evangelica Latinoamericana or AUnity of Evangelicals in Latin America@ concerning a continent-wide gathering of Protestants in the late 1960s, World Council of Churches Conference on ASalvation Today (folder 209-4),@ World Evangelical Fellowship (in folder 209-5 about a financial appeal), and study documents for WEF’s International Missions Commission (folder 225-1).

    EFMA committees: Accounting Task Force (folder 188-2), Africa (folders 189-1,2, 198-8,9,10, 222-3), Asia (folders 189-5 and 222-4), Business Administration (folder 223-4), China (folder 191-8), Comity (folder 193-10), [EFMA] Media Use (folder 197-4), Latin America (folder 201-3, Personnel & Student Affairs Committee (in folder 203-1, including a summer missionary survey), Student Affairs (folder 206-1).

    People: Brojendra Nath Banerjee (folder 189-8) exploring becoming a legal representative for Evangelical ministries in India, researcher and statistician David Barrett (folder 190-1); Wycliffe missionary Chet Bitterman (folder 223-2) executed in Colombia; Antonio Caliandro of Ex-Priests’ Association of Italy and Evangelical Bible Institute of Italy (folder 223-5); Samuel Doctorian (folder 194-8), a Lebanese minister, whose controversial fund-raising activities in the United States and ministry with World Gospel Mission in Latin America required EFMA involvement; Alvin Martin, for whom EFMA was attempting to reverse a refused visa to Israel (folder 201-11); Wilton Nelson, who authored the article, ASeparation and Cooperation Among Evangelicals in Latin America (folder 202-3);@ Gordon Smith, a missionary in Vietnam (folder 204-12); Clyde Taylor at the time of his death (folder 207-12).

    Countries, continents and regions: Africa (folder 188-5), Bangladesh (folder 188-9), China (folders 223-8,9,10), Colombia (folder 193-8), Cuba (folders 194-2,3), Ethiopia (folder 198-13), Greece (folder 200-5), Guatemala (folder 200-7) at the time of the 1976 earthquake, Haiti (folder 200-9), India (folders 225-3,4,5; folder 225-5 relates to the difficulty of obtaining visas and includes letters from Donald McGavran), Indonesia (folders 225-5,6), questionnaires on Japan (folder 225-10), Jerusalem (folder 201-1), Mexico (in folder 201-12, including an article about criticism of Billy Graham in a Mexico City newspaper), Nicaragua (folder 202-7,8), Rhodesia (folder 204-2, now Zimbabwe), Rosario (Argentina) Plan (folder 2043), Spanish (Spain) constitution (folder 205-8), Taiwan (folder 2068), Turkey (folder 2089), Uganda in folder 208-10 (and Festo Kivengere), Venezuela about visas (folder 208-12), Vietnam in folder 209-1 (re captive missionaries).

    Events: The Asia Missions Association 1967 meeting which produced the Seoul Declaration on Christian Mission (folder 189-4; also see folder 204-7)), placing emphasis on Asian churches contributing to missionary efforts from Asia; the Catholic Inter-American Cooperation Program’s (CICOP) 1967 conference on AThe Integration of Man and Society in Latin America: A Christian View,@ including manuscripts (folder 224-3) on various social and theological aspects of the issue, including a paper by Protestant liberation theologian Jose Miquez-Bonino; the Andean Consultation on Church Mission Relations, which produced the Bogata Statement (folder 223-3); III CELA or III Conferencia Evangelica Latinoamericana, 1969 (folder 223-7); COMIBAM (folder 193-9); documents from the 1962 Consultation on World Missions (folder 193-13) sponsored by the Presbyterian Church, US, including program book and workbook, committee reports and message manuscripts, among them those by Harold John Ockenga, Leslie Newbigin, and John A. Mackay; a ca. 1970 consultation (folder 200-3) to facilitate cooperation between Global Orphans (also see folder 180-13) and World Relief Commission to assist in providing relief to Biafra.

    Themes: Accountability (folder 188-1), Bible translation (folders 190-2,3,4 and 222-5), claims of property in China (folder 223-9), Christian education in Africa (folder 222-6), church growth (folders 22313 and 224-1), missionaries and the CIA folder 224-2), closed countries (folder 2245), financial disclosure by members (folder 194-7), ecumenism recorded in articles and message texts (folder 195-3,4,5,6), emerging missions (folder 195-8), guidelines for joint committees on relationships with non-Evangelicals (folder 200-8), laymen (folder 201-5), prayer thrust (folder 203-4), primary health care (folder 203-5, particularly as a component of ministry), recruitment (folder 203-11), research (folder 203-12, including a report at the close of the Missions & Advanced Research and Communication Center’s first year and a proposal for implementing the PERT or Program Evaluation and Review Technique for strategic mission planning; retirement (folder 203-13, about a survey about retirement programs of member missions); review (folder 204-1 about a EFMA-IFMA task force proposal for member mission’s self-evaluation) and self-study (folder 204-4,5 with the corresponding instrument for conducting the evaluation); seminary extension or TEE (folder 2046); short terms (folder 20410); social security regarding missionary status and EFMA guidance to member missions (folders 204-13,14,15 and 205-1 through 7); surveys on communications, missions fields, missionary living allowance and salaries (folders 2062,3,4,5,6); taxes, including a questionnaire on tax practices, IRS practices and rulings, and tax requirements for member agencies and their missionaries (folders 206-9,10,11,12 and 207-1 through 11); tentmakers (folder 208-2); terrorism and CIA in folder 208-3 (includes documents on recommendations for developing evacuation plans); theological seminars in Latin America (folder 208-4); Third World missions (folder 208-6); transition from Coggins to the next executive director (folder 208-8); visas (folder 209-2); women in folder 209-6 (articles and a few letters related to the leadership role of women in missions and the a 1979 EFMA session on the topic); world hunger (folder 209-7).

    EFMA: A portion of the series relates to the Association itself (filed under E), including annual statistics (folders 195-9, 196-1,2), constitution and by-laws (folder 196-4), newsletters (folder 196-7), documents about EFMA’s incorporation in Delaware (folder 196-5), discussions between EFMA and IFMA, its nondenominational counterpart (folder 196-8), a financial policies questionnaire (folder 196-9), a list of foundations (folder 196-10), the founding of EFMA (folder 197-1), investments (folder 197-2), medical statistics by country (folder 197-5), personnel (folders 197-8 through 197-20), purchasing (folders 197-21, 198-1,2), regional committees, and more. Folder 201-14 contains the 1967 Missions Study Conference Report of Findings. Several folders (folders 189-6, 201-2 and 202-4) document the exploration to establish offices (or liaisons) in Buenos Aires and New Dehli as extensions of the joint EFMA-IFMA committees for Latin America and Asia committees; in Latin America this was envisioned to parallel the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) in encouraging evangelism and fellowship, while in India it was intended to provide assistance in securing visas for missionaries. Folder 202-10 contains correspondence, questionnaires and compiled data from an Organization Resources Counselors (ORC) survey of EFMA members on missionary expenditures. Folder 20310) consists of manuscripts from the 1981 Fall retreat on AReaching Our Generation.@ Statement on Cooperation in folder 205-9 (appears directed to an unidentified national church body) states EFMA intent to support and work alongside rather than abandon national church and mission leaders.

    Other: The Business Administration Committee file (folder 223-4) contains a 1965 Methodist manuscript, AA Study in the Nature of Missionary Support.@ The biographical sketch file (folder 223-1) includes vitae for Ben Armstrong, Harold Lindsell, Richard Foulkes, Bob Cook, Larry Ward, Thomas Zimmerman and Jacques Blocher; also included is the press release announcing Billy Graham’s participation in the 1967 Urbana Student Missionary Conference. Folder 209-3 documents an article which appeared in the Washington Post on missionaries in Irian Jaya which drew criticism from EFMA, missionaries and others. Message manuscripts which were the basis for a book published in 1963 titled Facing Facts in Modern Missions: A Symposium comprise the contents of folder 199-6. Folders 199-7, 8 contain correspondence, receipts and disbursements ledger for the Five Missionary Martyrs Fund. Folder 200-1 relates to the Frankfurt Declaration, authored by Peter Beyerhaus as a response to the perceived changes in the World Council of Churches’ definition of evangelism. A distinct subseries (folders 224-6, 7, 8, 9 and 191-1 through 193-7, and 222-7) within the General Correspondence is a series of files of Wade Coggins. While much of the entire series contains folders or documents created or gathered during Coggins’ administration, almost all of these Coggins files have his name as part of the title. The subseries includes articles and speeches, files on organizations of which he was a board member or acted in an advisory capacity, or related to international trips he took.

    Noteworthy: Documents in folder 189-3 record the dismissal of US embassy physicians Rex and Jeanne Blumhagen in Afghanistan for their support of attempts to reverse a State Department decision to withhold tuition allowances to families sending their children to Ahlman Academy, a Christian school. The Blumhagens and missionaries in Afghanistan worked with EFMA staff to influence US government procedures.

    Series II: Five Missionary Martyrs Fund

    Arrangement: Chronological

    Date Range: 1956-1972

    Volume: .8 cubic feet

    Boxes: 13-14

    Type of documents: Correspondence, financial records and reports

    Correspondents: Trustees Clyde Taylor, V. Raymond Edman, and William K. Harrison, widows of the five missionaries killed, legal representatives, and donors

    Notes: The materials in this series document the fund raising effort through correspondence over a sixteen year period. The program was "established to provide for the widows and fatherless children of the brave missionaries martyred in the jungles of Ecuador in January of 1956." Those killed by Auca Indians were James Elliot, Peter Fleming, T. Edward McCully, Nathaniel Saint, and Roger Youderian. Their widows (children) were: Elisabeth Elliot, later Mrs. Addison Leitch and Mrs. Lars Gren, (Valerie); Olive Fleming, later Mrs. Liefeld; Marilou McCully (Steven, Michael, and Matthew); Marjorie Saint, later Mrs. Abe Van Der Puy (Kathy, Steven, and Phillip); and Barbara Youderian (Beth Elaine and Jerry). The Fund was set up under the trusteeship of V. Raymond Edman, President of Wheaton College; Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, Jr., of the U.S. Army; and Clyde W. Taylor. EFMA's involvement in the project resulted from Taylor's serving as a trustee of the project. The Fund was hastily set in motion under what was later shown to be shaky legality. Over $70,000 had been accumulated during a three year period before the funds were directed into the Auca Missionary Foundation. Three factors contributed to the confusion which resulted: the trustees' determination that they were obligated to retain control of the money; the widows' equal determination that they should have full authority to spend the funds as they saw fit; and the lawyers' opinion that nothing could be permanently settled until the youngest child married or reached twenty-one.

    Exceptional items: Located in the General Correspondence series which follows are correspondence and a ledger of receipts and disbursements for the Fund in folder 199-7, 8.

    Series III: Latin America Survey

    Arrangement: Correspondence files arranged chronologically; country files are arranged alphabetically

    Date Range: 1958-1962, primarily 1959-1960

    Volume: 1.2 cubic feet

    Box: 15

    Geographic coverage: Thirty-two countries in South and Central America and the Caribbean

    Type of documents: Correspondence, notes, lists, statistics, maps and other documents gathered to conduct the survey

    Correspondents: Clyde Taylor, Wade Coggins, and Avery Kendall of the EFMA office; J.O. Percy of IFMA, Howard Yoder of the National Council of Churches, and representatives of mission agencies which contributed to the survey

    Notes: This series contains the raw data gathered on missionary activity in Latin America, including correspondence and separate files on thirty-two countries

    Series IV: Meetings

    Arrangement: Alphabetical

    Date Range: 1955-1978

    Volume: 1.9 cubic feet

    Boxes: 16, 17, 19

    Geographic coverage: United States, Africa, South America

    Type of documents: Correspondence, message manuscripts, planning documents, registration materials

    Correspondents: Clyde Taylor, Wade Coggins

    Subjects: MissionsBCongresses, MissionsBStudy and teaching

    Notes: This series consists predominantly of meetings in which the EFMA executive director participated, and was created from separate files loosely grouped together in the original accession. Most of the meetings documented in this series were held prior to 1977 and appear to correspond to the meeting section of each of the annual subseries from 1977 onward. Conversely, the meetings documented in this series are only a small portion of those documented in the collection, and the researcher should also review the Container List description of the meetings section of each annual subseries after 1976.

    Series V: Publications

    Arrangement: Chronological

    Date Range: 1951-1977

    Volume: 1.0

    Boxes: 17-19

    Type of documents: Newsletters, texts of Fall retreat proceedings and messages

    Notes: The series of CEDEC Bulletins and Mission Executives Retreat Reports was created from the unfoldered reports, following their chronological sequence. In addition to the written retreat reports, audio taped recordings of sessions from 1977, 1978, 1981, 1982 and 1983 retreats are also available in the collection (See Location Record: Audio Tapes).

    Series VI: Reference Files

    Arrangement: Subdivided into two further sections, each arranged alphabetically

    Date Range: 1937-1987 and 1939-1989

    Volume: 12.3 cubic feet

    Boxes: 63-84, 97, 177-187

    Geographic coverage: U.S. and international

    Type of documents: Varies widely from folder to folder, but may include inquiries regarding EFMA policies, requests for assistance with processing visa and passport applications, annual and other reports, correspondence, prayer and appeal letters, press releases, news clippings, and public relations materials.

    Correspondents: Taylor and Coggins, mission agency representatives

    Descriptive limits: For boxes 111 and above, the contents are only described at the box level

    Notes: This series consists almost entirely of files on organizations, but also includes a few for individuals and topics. The files combine to provide a widespread if not substantive picture of American Evangelicalism and its mission efforts. While many of the files contain only limited documentation on the respective organization, individual or topic, together they offer a glimpse of the many large and small organizations that EFMA was in contact with. Although subject access points are not provided for all of these, the complete list is nonetheless enumerated in the Container List at the conclusion of this guide. The second subseries, described only at the box level in the Container List, parallels the first; the files span the same time period but there is very little overlap of the organizations represented.

    One of the services EFMA provided was as a reference for members, whether endorsing member agencies to churches, individuals or other agencies, and also handling inquiries about agencies or individuals. A few of the files document this process. The Underground Evangelism and Richard Wurmbrand files (folders 184-25,26,27, 185-1,2,3, and 187-4,5) record some of the story of the conflict within the organization and between Richard Wurmbrand and Joe Bass, illustrating EFMA’s response to inquiries about the conflict and handling communication from the involved parties. Those few cases in the second subseries where the files are titled with an individual’s name primarily relate to a person in need of assistance or who came to EFMA’s attention (such as John Bremen in Indonesia, see folder 178-2) due to inquiries about their character, behavior, mission structure, or fund-raising practices.

    Exceptional items: Folder 187-3, labeled Dale Wu (a contact to John MacArthur’s Grace Community Church), contains manuscripts by Monroe Brewer on various aspects of the role of the local church in missions.

    Series VII: Protestants in Roman Catholic Countries (Colombia & Spain)

    Arrangement: Chronologically for each country

    Date Range: 1947-1976

    Volume: 2.7 cubic feet

    Boxes: 84-89, 97, 98

    Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, petitions, clippings, and photographs

    Correspondents: Clyde Taylor and Wade Coggins of the EFMA office; missionaries, representatives of mission agencies in the US and Canada, church leaders in Colombia and Spain, Evangelical leaders and journalists in the U.S., representatives of the US State Department, representatives of the Catholic Church in the US, US senators and congressmen, and ambassadors. Among those corresponding regarding Colombia are Robert Lazear of the Colombia Mission of the Presbyterian Church in the USA, missionary Ernie Fowler, Lorentz D. Emery, David Howard of Latin America Mission, Stanley Rycroft of the Latin American Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the USA, and James Goff of the Confederacion Evangelica de Colombia. Among those corresponding regarding Spain are Jack Dain, Samuel Vila, and Jose M. Martinez.

    Subjects: PersecutionBColombia, PersecutionBSpain, Church and stateBColombia, Church and stateBSpain, Church and stateBUnited States

    Notes: This series provides extensive documentation of the circumstances in which Protestants were suffering in Colombia and Spain. The majority of the contents were created as reports to the NAE and EFMA, in order to broaden awareness in the United States of the widespread persecution of Protestants. As the contents make clear, the reporting served the dual purposes of stimulating prayer and applying pressure on the two countries through the US State Department. The clippings in the series have been removed when not attached to a document and filed separately.

    Exceptional items: The contents of folder 87-13 document a campaign to enlist support of US Congressmen and Senators against the Colombian harassment of Protestants.

    Series VIII: Countries Files

    Arrangement: Alphabetical by country name

    Date Range: 1946-1985

    Volume: 4.0 cubic feet

    Boxes: 99-110

    Geographic coverage: International

    Type of documents: Clippings, handwritten notes, telegrams, administrative correspondence, US congressional records, US State Department briefing documents, and correspondence documenting the difficulty of renewing visas for missionaries to return to certain countries.

    Correspondents: Clyde Taylor and Wade Coggins of the EFMA office, US State Department representatives, mission representatives and missionaries, including J. Christy Wilson in Afghanistan (folder 100-1) and Evangelical leaders like A. Jack Dain (folder 100-19)

    Notes: This series covers a broad though often light coverage of national and religious conditions in various countries. Frequently the documentation relates to a national disaster or crisis, persecution of Christians (usually Protestants), an Evangelical fellowship or congress, or some other special condition. The clippings in the series have been removed when not attached to a document and filed separately.

    Series IX: Minutes

    Arrangement: Subdivided by board, combined, committees, other. Within each subseries the files are arranged chronologically.

    Date Range: 1944-1990

    Volume: 2.4 cubic feet

    Boxes: 209-215

    Notes: This series consists of bound volumes of board minutes, committee minutes, etc., which record the decisions of EFMA’s board, conventions, and committees, the acceptance of new member agencies, financial reports, and other information relevant to EFMA deliberations. The board minutes (1944-1978) include those of its executive committee, reports to the board and other attachments. The combined minute volumes (1955-1984) include some of the board meeting minutes appearing in the previous subseries, convention minutes and committee reports at the conventions. One of these volumes is labeled ASecretaries’ minutes.@ The committees whose minutes are represented in the final subseries are: Africa (1962-1988), Asia (1975-1984), Bible Society (1969-1970), CAMEO (1963-1989), China (1976-1982), EMIS (1963-1990), Islamics (1972-1986), Latin America (1957-1990), Membership (1978-1981), ORC (Organization Resources Counselors, 1974-1984), and Personnel and Student Affairs (1968-1969).

    Exceptional items: Included are minutes from NAE Missions Committee meetings prior to the incorporation of EFMA (folder 209-1).

    Series X: Member audits

    Arrangement: 1985-1991, 1992-1994 subseries; alphabetical by agency within each

    Date Range: 1985-1994

    Volume: .9 cubic feet

    Boxes: 215-217

    Type of documents: Annual audit statements

    Notes: These copies of audits were submitted to EFMA by member missions. These do not exhaustively or even extensively represent EFMA’s membership of over one hundred agencies.

    Series XI: Universal Travel Service (UTS)

    Background: UTS was incorporated in 1949 as a general travel service agency Aorganized to especially serve Christians and Christian organizations.@ The National Association of Evangelicals and EFMA both endorsed UTS and authorized it as their Aofficial travel agency.@ Menno Travel Service (MTS), for which there are several files in the series, was an agency also Aserving missions, church and Christian service agencies,@ in which EFMA owned shares as a result of selling Security Travel Service (STS) to Menno in 1970. It is unclear at what point EFMA took on responsibility for UTS. However, in 1982 EFMA initiated procedures to sell UTS to Wheaton Heritage Travel, which was to manage the agency before the final sale was complete several years later; this arrangement deteriorated and the travel agency was sold to Menno in 1984.

    Arrangement: Subdivided into two subseries (1948-1983, 1965-1989) correlating to the restructuring in 1981, although in no apparent order; each alphabetically ordered by processor

    Date Range: 1948-1989

    Volume: 1.7 cubic feet

    Boxes: 217-221

    Type of documents: Correspondence, reports, financial records (audits, balance sheets), records of the pension fund for A.S. Bowker, ballots for board action, by-laws and articles of incorporation, legal papers, and other documents related to the operation and management of the business.

    Correspondents: Wade Coggins, Clyde Taylor, UTS executives including A. [Adda] S. Bowker (president from 1949-1975), Charles Carr (president 1975-1981), mission agencies’ representatives, UTS board members, representatives of Wheaton Heritage Travel and Menno Travel Service

    Notes: This series covers the life span of UTS (1949-1984) and purchase by Menno Travel Service (MTS). The files, many labeled AUniversal Travel Service,@ appear to have been come from various filing series. While there is intermittent record of the agency’s routine business, most of the series documents a transition of leadership in the mid-1970s, the decline of the service’s financial viability which climaxed in 1981, and its sale in 1984. Included are a record of the assessment of the extent of UTS debt and EFMA’s attempt to rescue the agency in 1981, as well as negotiations from 1982 to 1984 to sell the operation.

    Series XII: Audio Tapes

    Arrangement: EFMA-related meetings, unidentified meetings, miscellaneous

    Date Range: 1975-1995

    Volume: 340 cassette tapes

    Notes: Described in the Location Record: Audio Tapes section of this guide, these tapes primarily cover EFMA’s Spring conventions and Fall Retreats, touching on a wide variety of subjects relevant for EFMA’s member missions and the missions’ community. Also included are a handful of recordings of sessions at non-EFMA meetings on subjects with relevance for missions and evangelism, and other tapes featuring speakers moving in EFMA circles, promoting organizations, or distributing missions news.

    Series XIII: Video Tapes

    Date Range: Ca. 1985-1996

    Volume: 16 VHS video tapes

    Notes: Described in the Location Record: Video Tapes section of this guide, these tapes are primarily promotional or informational videos about Christian organizations or highlighting their programs. Only one video (V1) focuses on EFMA. The others address missions and evangelism, relief, Christian influence, and organizational leadership and development.

    Custodial History

    Created or gathered by Evangelical Foreign Missions Association until they were received by the Billy Graham Center Archives, 1980-1999.

    Accession: 80-99

  • February 16, 1981
  • Boxes 1-19
  • Volume: 17.5 linear feet
  • Galen R. Wilson
  • Margaret Arnold
  • G. Lynch

    Accessions: 83-84, 85-73, 85-172, 86-126, 87-30, 87-54, 87-100, 87-102, 88-5,
  • December 30, 1988, Updated 88-42, 88 118, 88-123, 88-124
  • Boxes 20-110
  • Volume: 43.75 linear feet
  • Paul Ericksen
  • Katherine Elwell
  • John Horn
  • Janyce Nasgowitz

    Accessions: 83-7, 89-2, 89-90, 89-127, 90-15, 90-20, 91-4, 92-106, 94-42, 95-92, 96-52, 97-23, 97-35, 98-15, 99-12
  • December 31, 2000, Updated
  • Boxes 111-222
  • Volume: 56.0 linear feet
  • Paul Ericksen
  • Nathan Hollenbeck
  • Marissa Lemmen

    Accession: 85-172
  • June 18, 2001, Updated
  • Boxes 223-225
  • Volume: 1.5 linear feet
  • Paul Ericksen
  • Title
    Collection 165 Records of Evangelical Fellowship of Mission Agencies
    Description rules
    Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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    Repository Details

    Part of the Evangelism & Missions Archives Repository

    501 College Avenue
    Wheaton IL 60187 US